Posts tagged as: statistics

Army Worm Invasion Wipes Off 12% Yield

By Halima Abdallah

The fall armyworm infestation has dealt a blow to Uganda’s food security by wiping out 12 per cent of the produce in the last crop season.

The worm is known to feed on more than 80 plant species including maize, millet, sorghum, rice and wheat, as well as legumes, cotton and pasture grass varieties like rhodes grass, Kikuyu grass, lucerne and others that are used as cattle feed in the country.

While Uganda produces close to four million tonnes of maize annually, Agriculture Minister Vincent Sempijja said that the impact of the armyworm infestation could be responsible for the loss of at least 450,000 tonnes of maize or $192.8 million worth of maize exports.

“The figures that we have are only reflective of maize. However the pest affects more crops thereby heightening the potential loss to the economy,” said Mr Sempijja.

Uganda Bureau of Statistics data shows that maize contributes to the livelihoods of over 3.6 million households in the country, and is a staple for over 300 million people on the continent.

First reported in Nigeria in January 2016, the fall armyworm has since spread to Kenya, Zambia, Zimbabwe, South Africa, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Togo, and Ghana.

The worm infestation could not have come at a worst time. Most of the affected countries were still grappling with the effects of the 2016 drought which led to widespread food shortages and starvation.

According to Food and Agriculture Organisation, close to 18 million people in Uganda, Kenya, Ethiopia, Somalia, Djibouti and South Sudan are severely food insecure following consecutive depressed rainfall leading to crop failure, widespread pasture and water shortages, reduced opportunities for rural employment, increasing livestock deaths and rising food prices.

In Kenya, the government set aside $1 million to control and eradicate the pest.

Uganda, which recorded a worm invasion in half of the country, will spend Ush4.5 billion ($1.2 million) to control the pest.

The money was released through a supplementary request by the ministry of agriculture in July and is being spent to procure pesticides and for mass sensitisation programme for farmers.

“We have already procured pesticides to manage the pests. We shall involve massive spraying and all district agriculture officers have been involved,” said the director of crop resources at the ministry of agriculture, Opolot Okasaai.

Mr Okasaai said that the country lost between 10-12 per cent of its produce in the March-July crop season.

“We hope not to lose as much in this crop season because we have been sensitising farmers and the districts agriculture officers have been trained on how to manage the worms,” he said.

Tanzania: Bugando Opens Burn Treatment Unit

By Jonathan Musa

Mwanza — Bugando Medical Centre (BMC) has opened a surgery unit for burn wounds. Before the service has been available in Dar es Salaam and Arusha only.

The unit, which is capable of hospitalising 30 patients, has also capacity of admitting seven people in theatre. This was revealed by the doctor in-charge of the burn and reconstructive unit, Dr Philip Makoye, in an interview with reporters at the weekend.

He said after the launch of the unit, they had been admitting at least seven patients per week. “We attend to whoever comes, depending on the kind of injury one has” said Dr Makoye. One of the fire victims, Ms Gloria Joseph, told The Citizen that the unit had reduced cost of seeking treatment in Dar es Salaam and Arusha.

“My daughter sustained hot water burns last year. Initially we were admitted to Bugando, but unfortunately there was no burn unit. So, we had to be referred to Arusha. But now the service is available at MBC,” she said. Statistics from the Ministry of Health show 50-60 percent of fire victims in the country come from the Lake Zone.


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Inflation Up By 3.2 Percent in August

By Peterson Tumwebaze

Rwanda’s consumer Price Index, the main gauge of inflation increased by 3.2 percent in August 2017, the monthly report by the National Institute of Statistics (NISR) has indicated. This is lower than 6.4 per cent registered same period in 2016.

This increase as always was largely attributed to the rising prices of food and non-alcoholic beverages, which rose by 6.9 percent.

According to the report, the monthly inflation increased by 0.2 percent in August 2017.

It means the situation has eased, manifesting what many experts had predicted at the beginning of the year.

Overall, Rwanda’s underlying inflation rate (excluding fresh food and energy) decreased by 0.1 percent when compared to July 2017 and increased by 3.2 percent when compared to August 2016.

This puts the country’s annual average rate at 6.3 percent, said Lucie Mutetijabiro, the NISR price statistics and research unit team leader.

Globally, inflation is projected to reach 3.0 percent in 2017 from 2.8 percent registered in 2016.

In Rwanda, the National Bank of Rwanda (BNR) estimates an uptick in global inflation and the progressive increment in international oil prices may exert mild inflationary pressure on the Rwandan economy.

However, according John Rwangombwa, the governor of the Central Bank, the improvement in global demand, in line with good economic performance around the world, is expected to positively affect the Rwandan economy.

“This coupled with the anticipated increase in the prices of metals and minerals may lead to the increase in Rwanda’s export revenues and help to ease inflation and exchange rate pressures.”

The national bank has already projected inflation to average at about 4 percent by the end of the year.


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Nigeria: CBN Moves to Lure in More Foreign Capital

By Bukola Idowu and Mark Itsibor

In an effort to further attract foreign capital into the country, the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) has begun issuing electronic certificates for capital imported into the country by improving its currency transfer process.

CBN in a circular signed by its director, Trade and Exchange Department, W.D. Gotring said the new certificate will replace a hard copy now issued when capital is imported. According to the apex bank, the move is targeted at enhancing transparency and efficient processing of foreign investment to the country.

Investors or companies are required by a 1995 law to get certificates within 24 hours declaring they have invested foreign currency in Nigeria. They must have the certificates to repatriate returns on those investments. Under the old rule, investors struggled to meet the one-day deadline to get the certificates, bankers say.

Nigeria grew out of recession in the second quarter as oil revenues rose, but the pace of growth was slow, suggesting a fragile recovery. Foreign investors fled the country when oil prices dropped three years ago.

They have started to return, thanks to improved transparency on exchange rates, and the central bank is trying to attract more investment. The country had recorded a 95.02 per cent in capital importation into the country as the value of capital imported into Nigeria in the second quarter of 2017 rose by $884.1 million to stand at $1.79 billion, according to data by the National Bureau of Statistics.

The National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) last week said the Nigeria’s real Gross Domestic Product grew year-on-year by 0.55 per cent in the second quarter of 2017 to N16.31 trillion compared to a 0.52 per cent decline to N15.86 trillion registered in the preceding quarter.

The return to growth mainly resulted from improved foreign exchange supply in the economy as the country’s oil income increased on reduced restiveness and sabotage of pipeline facilities in the Niger Delta coupled with increase in global crude oil prices

Meanwhile, the CBN yesterday intervened with another sum of $250 million. The bank said the latest intervention is part of its relentless effort to keep the inter-bank foreign exchange market liquid,

A breakdown of Monday’s intervention indicates that the wholesale sector was offered the sum of $100 million, just as the Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) window received a boost of $80 million. Those requiring foreign exchange to address needs such as Business/Personal Travel Allowances, school tuition, medicals, etc. were allotted the total sum of $70 million.

The Bank’s Acting Director in charge of Corporate Communications, Isaac Okorafor, who disclosed this, reiterated that the interventions had ensured stability in the market, even as he stressed that the CBN remained committed to maintaining transparency in the market.

According to Okorafor, the CBN has taken measures to check the activities of speculators and shield the currency from attacks, while also maintaining the international value of the Naira.

While assuring that authorized dealers had enough funds to meet the foreign exchange needs of customers, Okorafor urged all to adhere to the extant guidelines on the sale of forex in the Nigerian Forex market. He therefore advised those in genuine need of forex to continue to approach their respective banks for purchase. He said the Bank remained very optimistic that the Nigerian currency will fare strongly against other notable currencies around the world.

On the convergence target of the Bank between the forex rates at the inter-bank and the Bureau de Change (BDC), he said the goal would be attained if all stakeholders played by the rules.

The CBN last week assured customers of adequate foreign exchange in the market, dispelling fears of a scarcity of foreign exchange in the Nigerian forex market. Meanwhile, the naira exchanged at the Bureau de Change segment of the market on Monday, September 11, 2017, at the rate of N365/$1.

Nigeria: Nigeria’s Economic Indices Conducive for Growth – CBN

Photo: Premium Times

Market place.

By Chris Agabi

As Nigeria officially exists recession, the Central Bank of Nigeria has said the economic indices are conducive for more economic growth going forward.

A statement from the CBN said, exiting recession “at the heels of more stable exchange rate regime, coupled with declining inflation rate, from 16.10 per cent in June down to 16.05 per cent in July, 2017, it is believed that these factors will provide salutary macro-economic conditions for growth, as anchored on current monetary policy stance of the CBN.”

The statement also noted that the exiting recession at this time confirms the Governor of the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN), Mr. Godwin Emefiele earlier prediction that Nigeria will exit recession in this quarter.

It will be recalled that the Governor of Central Bank of Nigeria, Mr. Godwin Emefiele had predicted on 23rd May, 2017 that at the end of third quarter 2017, Nigeria would be out of recession.

Emefiele underscored the possibility of the exit based on the obvious positive economic indices such as downward trending inflation rate, improvement in the GDP growth rate, noting that negative growth rate had decelerated quite significantly, coupled with improvement in the quantum of foreign exchange going to the real sector and industrial capacities.

In his prediction, Mr. Emefiele had said, “We’ve seen positive signs in various economic sectors, I am very confident that at the end of the third quarter, we will be out of this and I still hold that position”.

According to the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) in its Quarter 2, 2017 GDP Report release

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Nigeria: ‘Banking Sector Sheds 1,487 Workers in Second Quarter’

By Francis Arinze Iloani

The banking sector in Nigeria shed 1,487 workers in the second quarter of 2017 from the total of 77, 096 staff in the sector as at the first quarter.

Data released yesterday by the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) showed that the total number of banks’ staff decreased from 77,096 in Q1 2017 to 75, 607 in Q2 2017.

The NBS stated that the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) administratively supplied the data while the NBS verified and validated it.

Analysis showed that executive staff population declined by 7.47 per cent, falling from 174 staff in the first quarter of the year to 161 staff as at the second quarter.

The data showed that senior staff population in banks fell by 3.21 per cent in the period from 20,483 in first quarter to 19,826 in second quarter.

Similarly, junior staff population also plunged by 6.68 per cent from 36,237 staff in first quarter to 33,783 staff in the second quarter of 2017.

It appears that the shedding may have been deliberate as the banks increased their contract staff by 7.91 per cent as this category of staff increased from 20,237 staff in the first quarter to 21,837 in the second quarter of 2017.

Further analysis showed that a total volume of 327,366,042 transactions valued at N19.78 trillion was recorded in the second quarter of 2017 as data on electronic payment channels in the Nigeria banking sector showed.

ATM transactions dominated the volume of transactions recorded. 187,805,431 volume of ATM transactions valued at N1.54 trillion were recorded in the second quarter 2017.

In terms of credit to the private sector, a total of N15.71 trillion worth of credit was allocated by the banks in the second quarter of 2017. Oil & Gas and Manufacturing sectors got credit allocation of N3.53 trillion and N2.22 trillion to record the highest credit allocation in the period under review.


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Tanzania: Cellphones Generate More Tax than Beer – Report

Photo: The Citizen

A National Bureau of Statistics report shows that since 2004/05 beer was the largest contributor of revenue from excise but things changed in 2013/14.

By Nuzulack Dausen

Dar es Salaam — It is official: mobile phones are now leading generators of excise tax, overtaking beer.

A National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) report shows that since 2004/05 beer was the largest contributor of revenue from excise but things changed in 2013/14 when mobile phones took the lead.

This came after the tremendous growth of mobile phone usage in the country that has been prompted by ever increasing demand in communication especially in voice, internet and mobile money services.

Tax Statistics Report 2015/16 shows that since in 2013/14 mobile phones have been accounting for more than 28 per cent of total domestic excise tax, leaving beer at an average of 25 per cent.

The report reveals that the revenue from the electronic gadgets has grown tremendously by more than 25 times from Sh9.7 billion in 2004/05 to Sh246.6 billion in 2015/16. Beer domestic excise duty has risen from Sh52.1 billion to Sh216.6 billion in 2015/16.

Analysts say this shows the contribution of mobile phones to the national economic growth can be higher if excise duty is reduced to increase communication.

“Tanzania has the highest excise rate in the East African Community. It’s 17 per cent while Rwanda’s is eight per cent and Kenya’s is 10-12 per cent,” said Auditax International expert Shabu Maurus.

He said telecom companies had been urging the government to reduce the rate to make communication inexpensive, to no avail. Mr Maurus suggests that it is important for the government and mobile phone companies to agree on win-win model for rural areas to enjoy reliable communication.

“Most studies done in the past including that of 2015 by GSMA — a trade body that represents the interests of mobile operators worldwide — shows that a reduction in excise tax rates will increase communication, which will in turn, boost the government revenues.”

However, the taxman says it is the growth in the use of communication services that made mobile phones raise their share of revenue from domestic excise taxes.

“People nowadays use mobile phones not only for voice call alone but for more uses such as mobile money services and social networks like WhatsApp,” said the Tanzania Revenue Authority (TRA) director of information and tax education, Mr Richard Kayombo. “That’s why mobile phones have contributed more than other products in the tax category.” He said excise tax rates in telecommunication sector “are the same across the region”.

In 2013/14 financial year the government introduced a 14.5 percent excise duty in all mobile phones instead of taxing airtime alone. Excise duty of Sh1,000 was slapped on each Sim card, but the public protested. The 2.5 per cent of the revenue from mobile phones excise duty was to fund the education sector.

The government then increased excise tax to wired and wireless telephones. Unlike in mobile phones, beer excise tax has been increasing almost every financial year, sometimes adjusted to fit with inflation.

For example, the excise duty for all beer, except that from locally unmalted cereals jumped from Sh382 per litre in 2010/11 to Sh765 per litre this financial year.

According to the report, total revenue from total domestic excise revenue in 2015/16 was Sh868.6 billion almost two times of what was collected in 2011/12.

Inflation Rate Drops to 3.5 Percent Year-on-Year in July

Rwanda’s inflation rate dropped to 3.5 per cent in July year-on-year from 4.8 per cent recorded in June, the monthly Consumer Price Index report for July 2017 indicates.

The decline is attributable to lower cost of foodstuffs and non-alcoholic beverages and transport, according to the report released yesterday by the National Institute of Statistics of Rwanda (NISR).

The prices of food and non-alcoholic beverages fell to 6.9 per cent last month lower than 9.8 per cent in June, while those of transport were down to 1.0 per cent compared to 4.6 per cent the previous month.

Housing, water, electricity, gas and other fuels were at 1.8 per cent, slightly higher than 1.5 per cent in June.

The monthly inflation decreased by 0.1 per cent in July 2017, mainly due to food and non-alcoholic beverages and transport which decreased by 0.5 per cent and 0.6 per cent, respectively. The underlying inflation rate (excluding fresh food and energy) increased by 0.1 per cent when compared to June 2017 and increased by 3.6 per cent when compared to July 2016. The annual average rate between July 2017 and July 2016 is 6.5 per cent, while the annual average underlying inflation rate is 4.9 per cent. The central bank projects the inflation rate to average under 5 per cent by the end 2017.


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Africa: Statistics South Africa Releases Report On Perinatal Deaths in South Africa

press release

Perinatal deaths in South Africa, 2015 report

The Perinatal deaths 2015 report released by Statistics South Africa today reflects that the total number of perinatal deaths that occurred in 2015 was 21 378, which is a decline of 6,8% from the 22 948 perinatal deaths that occurred in 2014.The report is based on deaths collected through the civil registration system maintained by the Department of Home Affairs (DHA). It focuses on the aggregate number of registered stillbirths and infant deaths occurring during the first week of life. Almost two-thirds of the 21 378 perinatal deaths in 2015 were stillbirths (64,1%) and the remaining third were early neonatal deaths (35,9%).

Higher proportions of stillbirths, early neonatal deaths and perinatal deaths occurred in Gauteng and KwaZulu-Natal, and the least occurred in Northern Cape, which is in line with the population distribution in the country. Other differentials indicate that black Africans comprised the majority (over 75%) of all death types (stillbirths, early neonatal deaths and perinatal deaths), which is also similar to the population distribution in the country. Nearly 70% of perinatal deaths took place in a health facility. The general pattern shows that most perinatal deaths occurred during the months of March and May.

According to the report, in 2015, foetus and newborn affected by maternal factors and by complications of pregnancy, labour and delivery was the leading underlying natural cause of perinatal deaths in all the provinces except Gauteng, where the leading underlying natural cause of death was respiratory and cardiovascular disorders specific to the perinatal period. foetus and new newborn affected by maternal factors and by complications of pregnancy, labour and delivery was also the leading cause of death for both males and females in 2015. The top ten leading underlying natural causes of death for perinatal deaths remained the same in 2015 compared to 2013 and 2014, with nine of the ten leading natural underlying causes of death maintaining their rankings, although proportions differed slightly from year to year. Changes were more obvious with disorders related to length of gestation and fetal growth, which declined from 8,4% in 2013 to 7,6% in 2014 and in 2015 was 7,3%. In terms of rankings, congenital malformations of the nervous system was the only cause that reflected changes. In 2013 and 2015 congenital malformations of the nervous system was the seventh cause of death but in 2014 it was ranked eighth.

The results show that perinatal deaths in South Africa are characterised by higher stillbirths as compared to early neonatal deaths. The underlying causes for both stillbirths and early neonatal deaths show that mortality during the perinatal period can be reduced by effective and efficient care during pregnancy and special efforts such as warmth and hygiene to ensure that new-borns survive the critical first seven days of life. ‘Health care for all by 2030’ is one of the key developmental objectives outlined in the National Development Plan adopted by the South African government. The plan asserts that reductions in infant and child mortality are important in the drive towards leaving no one behind in health. Accordingly the review of perinatal mortality, which is a subset of infant mortality, allows for the evaluation of the provision of timely and good-quality health care services to pregnant women and infants in South Africa.

The full report is available on the Statistics South Africa website:

Issued by: Statistics South Africa

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Ghana: Mofa to Develop a Database System for Agriculture Sector

press release

The Ministry of Food and Agriculture, in collaboration with its development partners, African Development Bank (AfDB) and Food & Agriculture Organisation (FAO), is developing a database system for the agriculture sector in Ghana.

The database system is expected to help know farmers and their engagement in the different areas of production such as crop, fisheries and livestock productions in the country.

Additionally, the system will also address the relationships between climate, soil type and farm management systems, including irrigation.

The Minister for Food and Agriculture, Dr. Owusu Afriyie Akoto, who made these known in an address delivered on his behalf at the opening of a stakeholder validation workshop on a Strategic Plan for Agriculture and Rural Statistics in Accra, last week, noted that the agriculture sector was a key driver of the economy, supporting the livelihood of more than 70 per cent of the rural population and contributing about 20 per cent of Gross Domestic Product (GDP).

An accurate database system, he said, was, therefore, very necessary and would be instrumental in enhancing planning and facilitating the production of accurate national accounts; and for monitoring the performance of interventions in the sector, such as the government’s Flagship Programme ‘Planting for Food and Jobs.’

Dr Akoto said the database system would help the agric sector fully understand and appreciate situations and to measure the underlying factors that would lead to developing solutions that were evidence-based to address challenges in the sector.

To achieve this, he said, researchers would be deployed to the district levels to collect data on agriculture activities.

Dr Akoto said the training would be enough to evaluate the National Agricultural Statistics System, identify problems and propose strategic objectives to implement strategy to achieve qualitative and quantitative change in agricultural statistics.

Speaking at the workshop, the lead National Consultant for the Strategic Plan for Agriculture and Rural Statistics, Mr Christian Amedo, said the sub-sector working groups such as forestry and logging, fisheries, crop and livestock personnel would identify weaknesses that existed in the generation of data in their outfit.

Mr Amedo said the strategy at the end of the day would provide a framework and methodology to improve the availability and quality of national and international agricultural and food statistics.

Source: ISD (Bagbara Tanko)


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