Posts tagged as: radio

12-Year-Old Assembles Radio Transmitter for Notes to Rural Pupils

By Zadock Amanyisa

At 12 years of age, Given Kayondo, a Primary Seven pupil of Parental Care Nursery and Primary School, Bushenyi has built a radio transmitter called Edu FM Radio (Education FM).

The innovation is aimed at helping fellow pupils in the rural areas listen to class sessions from well-to-do schools in the urban centre. By this, Kayondo hopes rural pupils will access good quality education and pass examinations.

A resident of Katunga, Kakanju Sub-county in Bushenyi District, Kayondo says he conceived the idea at the beginning of the year after 2016 Primary Leaving Examination results were released and he realised that schools in the rural areas did not perform well, a challenge that troubled him. “I saw how fellow pupils in rural areas had performed poorly. I thought of how best they could be helped,” says Kayondo.

Among some of the problems the 12-year-old realised were causing pupils in rural areas to fail, were teachers dodging lessons, failing to complete the syllabus and lack of instructional materials.

Kayondo then searched what one needs to make a radio transmitter on YouTube using his sister’s phone and followed the instructions as he put down notes.

He sold his idea to his ICT team at school which welcomed it. As such, Kayondo who wants to become a telecom engineer in future, started looking for old radio set components to try his luck since he was now well versed with what to do.

“I visited different radio and phone mechanics where I got old spare parts and wires to start off my work. At the end, I made the transmitter. I was so excited,” Kayondo recalls.

How it works

A teacher in school A -usually a developed one- sits before the device and conducts lessons live on radio and pupils in school B located in the rural area listen in.

“As classes go on in a well to do class in town, pupils who do not have good teachers and other materials listen to everything on radio. The learners can take notes as well,” Kayondo explains.

The new innovation will also benefit groups of people such as prisoners who would have wanted to learn but have no school and teachers.

There will be an arrangement where experienced teachers in good schools and experts in child upbringing can provide parental care tips to parents away in their homes using Edu FM radio.

The radio will also help teachers who have tight schedules to be able to teach many pupils at once.

This works well in a school where classes have more than one streams. For example, a teacher will be able to teach A,B, and C streams at once.

Kayondo’s dream is to see pupils in rural schools perform better and excel in PLE like their urban counterparts regardless of where they have studied from.

His efforts have already been recognised.

Last year, he received a certificate and a medal of recognition from Uganda Communications Commission as an outstanding ICT innovator beating fellow innovators in South Western Uganda region in the category of Young innovators (rising stars).

But his winning streak started in 2015, while in Primary Five, when Kayondo won the Bushenyi greater regional Mathematics contest beating the then Primary Seven contestants.

Edu Radio make up

The radio is able to transmit and reach a radius of 1km.

Old Laptop Batery: This generates power for the entire circuit board.

Battery cells: These are three in number and they are used to generate chemical power for the amplifier and the microphone.

Transistors: These control the flow of electricity in the entire system.

Resistors: Resistors ensure protection, operation and also control current flow in the system.

Microphone: This receives and amplifies sound converting it into electric energy.

Capacitors: The capacitors store electrical energy for the whole system.

Old phone pins: These help in recording and playing the recorded voices.

Aerials: They transmit signals to the radio receivers.

Switch: This starts and ends the system by putting it on and off.

What they say about Kayondo

“The innovation will improve literacy, curiosity, among the pupils and encourage them to stay in school thus addressing the challenge of illiteracy. Pupils will also learn new things that will see them excel at PLE despite the challenges they face such as lack of skilled teachers.”

Trevor Ayebazamukama, kayondo’s teacher

“Pupils in rural schools have got an opportunity they should exploit. Our friends in rural schools have been missing out on a lot of work because of unskilled teachers and with the innovation, they will greatly learn and improve.” Jehovah Jireh, a Primary Five pupil,

“It is rare to find children of his age do such things. It shows that he is an intelligent boy and may become an engineer in future. He sold us his idea and we gave him a go ahead.” Freedom Magezi, Kayondo’s headteacher

Kenya: Boost for Security As Govt Inks Deal With Chinese Tech Group

By Pscu

Police in Nakuru, Kisumu and Eldoret are set to be equipped with modern radio communication systems after the Kenyan government signed a deal with Chinese technology group Huawei.

Chinese tech group Huawei Technologies announced the donations at a meeting with President Uhuru Kenyatta at their headquarters in Beijing on Sunday.

The equipment includes 6 eNodeB Stations, 150 Radio Trunking Terminals and a Radio Trunking System Core Network and Dispatch System.

The President also witnessed the signing of an agreement between Huawei and the Government of Kenya for Huawei to develop a Government Cloud Services Project.

The Government Cloud Services Project entails designing and building Government Cloud infrastructure where all government data and applications will be migrated to. Huawei will also build data exchange and sharing platforms to collaborate government services.


The President also witnessed the signing of another agreement where Huawei Technologies has offered to train 30 Kenyan youth in ICT over the next three years.

Huawei has played a big role in modernisation of police surveillance systems in Nairobi and Mombasa and is also a technology partner in the development of the Standard Gauge Railway.

President Kenyatta said Kenya appreciates the role played by the Chinese company in Kenya’s development and progress.

“Let us work together and we count on your support as we work on developing our technologies,” said the President when he met the CEO of Huawei Technologies,

Earlier in the morning, President Kenyatta attended the grand opening of the Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation where Chinese President Xi Jinping said China the Belt and Road initiative aims to create a more prosperous world.


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South Africa: Eskom – Molefe Returns to the Helm of the Parastatal


Come Monday Brian Molefe will return to his position as CEO of Eskom following a dispute over his pension payout. This means that Molefe will no longer be a Member of Parliament. And while the Speaker of the National Assembly, Baleka Mbete wished him well, the ANC condemned the board of Eskom’s decision to reinstate him saying it was “tone deaf to (the) public’s absolute exasperation and anger at what seems to be government’s lacklustre and lackadaisical approach to dealing decisively with corruption”. By JILLIAN GREEN AND MARIANNE MERTEN.

In a surprise development on Friday morning, it was revealed that Brian Molefe would be resuming his duties as chief executive officer from Monday following a dispute over his pension payout.

“All this is happening on the basis of what the minister requested. The minister had already made her intentions very clear that she wasn’t happy with this payout,” Eskom’s Khulani Qoma told Talk Radio 702.

Public Enterprises Minister Lynne Brown last month objected to Eskom’s payment of a R30-million pension payout to Molefe.

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Sudan: Investigating the Needs of Displaced in Sortony, Darfur

Sortony — A United Nations field visit to Sortony site in Kabkabiya concluded that more water, health, and security services are required for the people who have been displaced from the Jebel Marra area during the armed conflict in the beginning of 2016.

The joint mission of the UN and the Government of Sudan on Monday was led by UN Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator in Sudan, Marta Ruedas, and the Commissioner-General of Sudan’s Humanitarian Aid Commission, Ahmed Mohamed Adam.

Mission members met leaders of the displaced community, people who fled from the Jebel Marra Massif in the first half of 2016 when it was the scene of aerial bombardments and large-scale fighting between armed movements and Sudanese government and militia forces. In total, an estimated 138,000 people from Jebel Marra were displaced as of 31 March 2016.

According to the UN, their number has reduced to 21,500 people who are registered and currently reside at the site adjacent to the base of the UN-African Union peacekeeping mission (Unamid). They are mostly in need of nutrition, health, water, education, and protection, the second joint field visit this year found.

Water tankers

Last month, a number of displaced people in Sortony told Radio Dabanga that the severe drinking water shortage was caused by the reduction of the number of water tankers carrying water to the camp: from 17 vehicles per day to two vehicles. “We cannot afford to buy water for SDG5 ($0.70) per jerry-can, sold by the owners of the donkey carts.

“And when we leave the camp to get water from a well, we more often than not are assaulted by militiamen,” a camp resident said.

Tens of thousands of litres are trucked in to Sortony and other camps in the state: organisations such as Oxfam and Unicef trucked in 198,000 litres of water during one week last November. Militiamen, however, sporadically blocked or imposed fees on tankers to Sortony in October and September.

Coordinator Ruedas said upon completion of Monday’s visit that “it comes within the overall context of the constructive collaboration between Sudan’s HAC and the national and international humanitarian aid community in the country, and offered an opportunity to examine the quality of assistance being provided to the 21,500 people living in Sortony area.”

Unamid Deputy Joint Special Representative, the Head of the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) Sudan as well as the North Darfur Health Minister representing the Governor of North Darfur and other federal government officials from Khartoum joined the delegation on Monday.

Sudan: Eastern Sudan – Drop in Number of Cholera, Fever Cases

El Gedaref / Tokar — The spread of cholera in eastern Sudan’s El Gedaref seems to have halted. Also no new cases, suspected to be haemorrhagic fever, were recorded in Tokar.

On Sunday, a medical source told Radio Dabanga that the isolation centre in El Gedaref received “only one cholera patient” during the weekend.

He said that no new cases were reported by the isolation centre of Shueib in El Gireisha locality, where dozens of cholera patients were admitted during the past few weeks.


The Commissioner of Tokar locality, Mekki Abdallah, told this station on Sunday that the locality’s hospital has not registered any new cases of high fever on Friday and Saturday.

Last week, Tokar Hospital received more than 60 patients, suspected to suffer from haemorrhagic fever. The commissioner strongly denied the spread of the disease in the area. He said that “these fevers are normal in the summer, including malaria”.

Abdallah called on the population of Tokar to cooperate with the teams conducting an anti-fly spraying campaign in the locality.

Sudan: Health Situation in Eastern Sudan’s Tokar ‘Stable’

Tokar — The health situation in Tokar in Red Sea state has become stable, according to the locality’s commissioner.

The Commissioner of Tokar locality, Mekki Abdallah Mohamed, told Radio Dabanga on Friday that although the hospital of Tokar did receive new patients suffering from a high fever the day before, the situation can be called stable.

He said that the authorities of Tokar carried out an anti-fly spraying campaign on Thursday and Friday.

On Tuesday and Wednesday, Tokar Hospital received more than 60 patients, suspected to suffer from haemorrhagic fever.

The commissioner strongly denied the spread of haemorrhagic fever in the area. He told Radio Dabanga on Wednesday that a medical team arrived in the locality and confirmed that “these fevers are normal in the summer, including malaria”.

Viral haemorrhagic fevers

Viral haemorrhagic fevers (VHFs) are a diverse group of animal and human illnesses in which fever and haemorrhage are caused by several distinct families of viruses. These include the Ebola and Marburg, Lassa fever, and yellow fever viruses. VHFs affect many organs, damage blood vessels, and affect the body’s ability to regulate itself. Some VHFs cause mild disease, but some, like Ebola or Marburg, cause severe disease and death.

In 2012, a yellow fever epidemic spread in Darfur. According to the UN World Health Organisation it was “Africa’s worst in decades”. Between September and December, 732 cases of yellow fever were reported in Darfur, including 165 deaths.

Several parts of Sudan were hit by haemorrhagic fever in 2014. The disease spread as well in Red Sea state, “but the state government and health authorities have imposed a blackout on the disease, which kills people in eastern Sudan on a daily basis,” activists told this station in June that year.


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KDF Airstrikes in Somalia Reportedly Killed Militants

Photo: Jared Nyataya/Nation

Kenyan soldiers during their “Operation Linda Nchi” against the Somali Al-Shabaab militia.

A Somali military officer says several Al Shabaab militants and commanders were killed in series of KDF airstrikes in War-Gaduud area near El Wak city in Gedo region in this week.

The official who spoke condition of anonymity, told Radio Shabelle that those killed in the aerial bombing include deputy commander of Al shabaab in Gedo region Ali Shangalow.

The Military source confirmed that the operation also killed two other al-Shabaab militants.

Al-Shabaab is yet to release a statement on the reported air strikes by Kenyan military jets.


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No Media Freedom in Burundi, Reporters Without Borders Says

By Lorraine Josiane Manishatse

Reporters without Borders (RSF) ranks Burundi the 160th out of 180 countries in the 2017 World Press Freedom Index. RSF says the country was the 156th in 2016. It is ranked behind all the East African Community countries.

The situation in Burundi has become more and more complex since the outbreak of the 2015 crisis. The main independent radio stations have remained closed since the May 2015 coup attempt, according to RSF report. On 14 May, on the eve of the coup against President Pierre Nkurunziza, five media were destroyed. Two of them namely Isanganiro and Rema FM were allowed to reopen. The three remaining others which are Bonesha FM, Radio Publique Africaine (RPA) and Télévision Renaissance are still closed.

RSF says new government propaganda media outlets have been created. This NGO says Burundian Journalists find it hard to work freely and are often harassed by security forces encouraged by an official discourse associating non-aligned media with enemies of the nation. The journalist Jean Bigirimana’s disappearance in July 2016 has still not been solved, says RSF.

Innocent Muhozi , Chairman of the Burundian Press Watchdog (OPB) says, it is not surprising that Burundi moved from its 156 in 2016 to 160 in the 2017 ranking by RSF in terms of press freedom. “Media freedom is not possible when the right to life and the fundamental human rights are violated,” says Muhozi.

Gabriel Bihumugani, Deputy Chairman of the Burundi’s media regulator (CNC) dismisses RSF report. He says it was written on the basis of false information. “RSF only considered the events of 2015 and the disappearance of Jean Bigirimana, journalist at Iwacu Press Group.” Burundi journalists are not ill-treated,” he says.

Bihumugani says the press regulator left no stone unturned to find Jean Bigirimana but in vain. “CNC urges competent authorities to give clarification on the journalist’s disappearance”, Bihumugani says. He says CNC is doing its best to guarantee press freedom.


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Cameroon: Agriculture – New Project to Boost Productivity

By Amindeh Blaise Atabong

The five-year project worth over FCFA 75 billion and expected to create 6,000 jobs was officially launched Monday by MINADER.

Government has launched another project to scale up agricultural productivity in the country. The Agriculture Value Chain Development Project code named PD-CVA and sponsored by the African Development Bank to the tune of over FCFA 75 billion will create 6,000 jobs for youths and over 24000 indirect jobs.It will improve living conditions and ensure food security. Launching the project in Yaounde on Monday April 24, 2017, the Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development, Henri Eyebe Ayissi declared government’s resolve to steadily pursue its ambition to remain the agricultural giant in the Central African sub-region.

According to the Minister, the project which covers the Centre, South, East, Littoral and South West regions will not only improve the agriculture value chain but will go a long way to create youth employment through involvement in agri-businesses. He also noted that the first-of-its-kind project in Francophone Africa will develop agricultural infrastructure. Going by Tabi Jackson, PD-CVA Coordinator for the South West region, the five-year project will entail the putting in place of processing facilities, capacity building by the International Institute for Tropical Agriculture, supporting research to derive improved seeds, amongst others. There shall equally be the putting in place of some 1,000km farm-to-market roads. Mahamat Abakar, PD-CVA National Coordinator has assured youths will have easy access to loans for their ventures in the oil palm, banana/plantain and pineapple sectors. He noted a great part of the project will benefit women.


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Sudan: Northern Sudanese Demand Gold Cyanidation Site Removed

Sawarda — Residents of six villages in Sudan’s Northern State have rejected the state government’s response to their demands concerning an immediate stop to the operations of the gold cyanidation site in the area of Sawarda.

Wael Hassan, the spokesman for the Sawarda “six-parties protest committee” told Radio Dabanga on Sunday that the state government has not yet fulfilled their promise to close the gold cyanidation plant in the area.

“The state government promised us on 9 April that the plant would be closed immediately. Yet, it is still operating,” he said. “But last week we received a statement from the authorities that the closure will be delayed.”

“We have written a reply saying that we insist on the immediate removal of the site. We hold the state government fully responsible for any developments in this regard.”

Hassan said that the members of the Committee would hand their letter to the state authorities on Monday. “We may have to take to the streets again,” he threatened.


For months, the people in Sawarda, Aru, Ashim, Kiweika, Abboud, and Wawa villages (between the 2nd and the 3rd cataract on the River Nile) have been protesting the gold cyanidation site in the area, as they fear the effects of the use of cyanide on human, animal, and environmental health.

Two weeks ago, the protesters took to the streets again. They blocked the highway between Dongola and Halfa, demanding the authorities to definitely remove the factory.

The authorities complied to the demands after a judge issued a decree to suspend the operation of the site.

“If the government does not implement the decision, the protest campaign will be stronger the next time,” Hassan told this station at the time.

He further said that a committee would be formed to monitor the dismantling of the factory that “should be completed within 15 days”.


Cyanidation is a technique for extracting gold from low-grade ore. It is the most commonly used process for gold extraction. Because of the highly toxic nature of cyanide however, the process is controversial, and its usage banned in a number of countries.

Popular actions against the use of toxic substances in gold mining sites in northern Sudan and in South and North Kordofan, are growing stronger. In end March, angry residents of Talodi in South Kordofan set fire to the El Tagola gold extraction plant.


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