Posts tagged as: political

Tanzania: No News From Talks Between Govt and Mining Company Barrick

Photo: State House

Minister for Justice and Constitutional Affairs, Professor Palamagamba Kabudi, welcomes Barrick Gold Corporation negotiations team members to the State House in Dar es Salaam.

By Citizen Reporter

Questions have been lingering over the outcome of negotiations between the Tanzanian government and Barrick Gold Corporation over a tax dispute.

Nonetheless, nothing has so far been disclosed and neither the government nor Barrick, which wants to solve the tax controversy involving its subsidiary company, Acacia Mining, is updating the public about the talks.

Experts are of the view that all is well as long as the talks are going on and that it would be worse only if the mining company opts to take the matter to the court of arbitration.

Repoa senior researcher Dr Abel Kinyondo expressed optimism that the end would benefit both parties, saying as long as the negotiations were in progress; there was no reason to be negative.

“We know nothing about the progress of their talks, but we harbor hopes of a better end because the negotiations are in progress,” he said.

The government formed a team for the negotiations whose members have yet to be known.

For his part, University of Dar es Salaam, Political Science Department, lecturer, Prof Mohamed Bakari said it was normal for conflict resolution talks to be held in top secrecy.

According to him, that is why the members of the negotiation team from the government have not been disclosed save for the team leader, minister for Justice and Constitutional Affairs Prof Palamagamba Kabudi.

“This issue is complicated as each part is accusing the other for one reason or the other… so it will take time to agree,” he said.

Prof Bakari was confident that after the conclusion of the negotiations, the government would come with an official statement over the saga, which has drawn international attention.

Barrick Gold owns 63.9 per cent of Acacia Mining.

The management of Acacia has been excluded from the on-going talks, but any agreement with Barrick will be subject to approval.

Barrick hinted on the matter for the last time on July 2016 when it announced second quarter financial results.

It said the discussions concerning the concentrate export ban and other issues impacting Acacia Mining PLC’s operations in the country were to begin in a week’s time.

The government through the President’s communication department released a statement on July 31 stating that the negotiations had started.

No further updates about the progress of the talks have been released to the public domain since then, apart from media reports that the negotiating teams were going to different places including paying visits to mining sites.

However, over three weeks now, it is not clear whether the Barrick Gold’s team is still in Tanzania or not while the location of the talks is still a top secret.

President John Magufuli banned the exportation of metallic mineral concentrates and later formed two committees to investigate the matter.

The first team, which was mainly formed by academics in the mining industry, was formed in early April and submitted its report on May 24.

It reported discrepancies in ratios of gold, copper and other minerals in the concentrate and recommended stay of the ban.

The second team formed by economists and lawyers was formed in late April and presented its report on June 12.

The second committee accused Acacia of operating illegally and that the company under-declared its revenue and taxes since it started operations.

The mining giant refuted findings of both committees saying it declared everything and operated according to the law.

Senior Delegation Attends Sworn in Ceremony of Rwandan President

Asmara — Senior Eritrean delegation comprising Eritrea’s Foreign Minister, Mr. Osman Saleh, Mr. Yemane Gebreab, Head of PFDJ Political Affairs and Mr. Hagos Gebrehiwet, Head of PFDJ Economic Affairs, has attended on 18 August at the sworn in of the President of Ruanda, Mr. Paul Kagame.

The senior delegation also conveyed message of congratulation from President Isaias Afwerki to President Kagame. The delegation stated that the existing relation between Eritrea and Ruanda is based on mutual interest of both countries.

In the speech he delivered, President Paul Kagame underlined that Africa’s future should be decided by its people and not be manipulated by foreign forces.

Eritrea

Pictorial Exhibition Receives Broad Admiration

The pictorial exhibition depicting Asmara’s Art-Deco buildings which was in display at the Eritrea Festival 2017 at the… Read more »

Over Rwf220 Million Set Aside for Political Parties

By Nasra Bishumba

Barely a year before parliamentary elections, political parties under the National Consultative Forum of Political Parties (NFPO) can requisition up to Rwf20 million each in facilitation fees in the lead up to the polls, the Forum’s executive secretary Oswald Burasanzwe said last week.

All the 11 registered parties are members of the forum.

Burasanzwe told The New Times that though forum’s finances are drawn from the National Budget and stakeholders, each party’s activities can now be financed to a tune of Rwf20 million if they make a formal request.

“The amount of money we receive from state coffers and stakeholders keeps changing each year. However, we recently agreed that every political party can get up to Rfw20 million in facilitation fees. All the parties are entitled to the same amount and we disburse it on request and the most important thing is that it is used in this fiscal year,” he said.

The finances mainly go toward strengthening party capacities through different training activities developed by the forum or political organisations themselves.

Burasanzwe said membership of the forum is voluntary.

“We are lucky that most political parties in this country are people-based, they are interested in social welfare, peace and security and the development of the country. Our work is to provide the parties a platform to share ideas intended to build consensus and national cohesion,” he said.

On elections

Burasanzwe said, as part of the Forum’s responsibilities, it had deployed 100 people to observe the recent presidential election and commended the involvement of political parties in the process.

“We sent out a team of 100 observers and, of these, at least two were drawn from each of the 11 political parties. Teams of three were dispatched to each district, while others helped with coordination,” he said.

Commenting on the funds, Frank Habineza, of Democratic Green Party of Rwanda, said that based on the scope of activities for any political party, the money was still little but he commended the Forum for continued support to parties.

“We are lucky to have been funded by the Forum before. They have previously funded our activities to a tune of Rwf12 million, so it’s refreshing to hear that the money is actually being increased,” he said.

Last week, Habineza said his party was ready to start work geared toward the August 2018 parliamentary elections.

Habineza came last in the August 4 presidential election with 0.48 per cent votes. RPF-Inkotanyi’s Paul Kagame won with 98.79 per cent, while independent Philippe Mpayimana got 0.73 per cent.

Rwanda

New Factory Nearly Halves Cost of Fish Feeds

The cost of fish feed has reduced from about Rwf1,500 to about Rwf800, thanks to a new fish feed factory that has… Read more »

Ugly Beauty – Ethnicity and Politics in Kenya

opinionBy Ouma Kizito Ajuong

Kenya’s ethnic diversity is both a blessing and a curse. Whereas the diversity is a great heritage to celebrate, ethnicity has been used to create division for political ends. The country goes into elections on 8 August sharply divided along ethnic lines. Kenyan voters will do well in this election to elect leaders who are dedicated to serving the whole country, not sections of it.

31 December 2016 is remembered as the day Wycliffe Musalia Mudavadi, now a principal of the oppostion National Super Alliance (NASA) coalition, was enthroned the leader of the Luhya community in Western Kenya. This was a deliberate attempt to fortify the much-desired Luhya unity ahead of the 8 August 2017 general election. It was a move to fill the blank in community leadership left by the late Christopher ‘Kijana” Wamalwa, galvanize the Luhya vote into one basket and give them the bargaining power for a larger chunk of the national cake. While it is easy to condemn the “Mulembe” nation, this is the norm rather than the exception in Kenya. Their neighbors from the Lake region to begin with understand well the concept of ethnic mobilization. The Luo have been a political flock shepherded by Raila Odinga for about two-and-half decades now. The Luo-Nyanza ethnic constituency seems to have hereditarily passed from father to son.

This story is replicated in the lower eastern region with Kalonzo Musyoka as the benefactor of the Kamba vote. Things are not different in the Rift Valley as the Kalenjin community -once the force behind President Moi – today gravitates around the Deputy President William Ruto. Lastly, a copy-and-paste scenario can be said of the Mt. Kenya region firmly behind their son, President Uhuru Kenyatta. As the 2017 general election draws near, the battle lines are drawn as one merger of communities forming NASA goes up against another merger of other communities in Jubilee. Why this? Why are political contests in Kenya centered on ethnic groups and not issues that affect the people? This article attempts to give answers to these questions.

Centrality of ethnicity as a social-economic construct in Kenya

In order to understand the reasons for and effects of ethnic mobilization in Kenya, there is a need to conceptualize ethnicity and to synthesis its origins as a political idea in Kenya. Ethnicity is loosely defined as the state of belonging to a social group usually characterized by common national or cultural traditions. In Kenya, ethnicity defines life. Tribal cultures define nutrition, architectural choices, families, marriages, religion and therefore it is not strange that ethnicity is at the center of politics. The different ethnic groups also practice different economic activities mostly determined by the area of residence within the country. 21st century Kenya, however, presents a situation that calls for a delicate balance on issues of tribalism. While on one hand community and culture are part and parcel of Africans, ethnic-based discrimination, segregation and nepotism are largely frowned upon.

The Constitution of Kenya 2010, which is the ultimate social contract document, illustrates this delicate balance. Starting with the preamble, Kenyans are very proud of their ethnic, cultural and religious diversity as they strive to live in peace as one indivisible sovereign nation. Article 7 defines both the national and official languages in Kenya, which are unifying factors by design, as it also protects the diversity of languages. Article 11 highlights culture as the foundation of the nation. It calls upon Kenyans to promote all forms of cultural expression. Article 10 on the other hand insists on national unity and inclusivity. The supreme law frowns upon discrimination on the basis of tribe, language and ethnicity while Article 44 promotes the right to language and participation in cultural life. Thesw articles are compounded by Articles 32, 33 and Article 36 which allow citizens to form associations of any kind.

Article 45 on marriage and family also recognizes African marriage, another aspect of culture and diversity. Article 159(3) proposes traditional dispute resolution mechanisms where they are not in contravention with the Bill of Rights. This, in a way, acknowledges the role elders play using customary law which is ethnic-based.

Article 91 of the constitution demands that political parties should embrace a national character. This is intended to build a united nation as opposed to an ethnically scattered one. Article 63 is, however, centered on community land, which is purely an aspect of ethnicity. Article 100 insists on affirmative action to ensure inclusivity. Article 94 (2) brings out parliament as a body that represents national diversity. The same requirement is made of the president when making appointments in accordance with his/her functions in Chapter 9 of the Constitution of Kenya 2010. Lastly, the issue of devolution in Chapter 11 adds to this running theme with finality. The idea of the people of Kenya seeking devolved units of governance must be due to realization that, although they are a sovereign nation, they are made up of smaller units with different needs and by extension ethnic backgrounds.

Having discussed these, the idea is quite clear that while Kenyans embrace cultural and ethnic diversity, national unity should not be compromised, hence the need for a delicate balance. How does all this play out in politics and elections in Kenya?

Sins of the fathers…

Kenya’s pre-colonial history is the place to start to get a proper grounding on this issue. Records paint a picture of communities with different leadership structures, ways of life, economic activities, languages and aspirations. There were communities in Kenya with kings, famously the Wanga; others had chiefs, while there were those who used the council of elders in running community affairs. Politics was all about keeping the customs and protecting the interests of people in these communities. The colonial masters came with a formal institutionalized government that was meant to help them colonize the people. They came with a new religion meant to change African culture, new laws and a system of marriage. The introduction of Western culture into Kenya still plays a big part in our social-cultural dynamics.

The point of this historical journey, however, becomes clear when the natives wanted independence from the colonial masters. British colonialists were clever enough to ban any national political organization, hence forcing the people to come up with ethnic and regional political parties to push the independence agenda. After independence, President Jomo Kenyatta and the independence-era leadership came together in the name of national unity, dissolved Kenya African Democratic Union (KADU) and formed a national mass party, KANU. However, the national unity government was not to last long as political and personal interests among the leaders became greater than the love for country.

Historians points to the 1992 general elections as a victory for Kenya with regards to democracy because Kenya went back to a multi-party system, which had been banned by KANU. As much as that may be true, it is also the point at which the ethnically characterized politics truly came to the fore. The contestants were basically tribal lords who mobilized their people so as to get to power. The 2002 general elections brought a new element into elections in Kenya, which is formation of coalitions of tribes against others. Much as 2002 election was ethnic-based, the country generally felt that it was time for the people to break with the past. After getting to power, President Mwai Kibaki and his government tried to bring the people of Kenya together but it was not to be. Once again, political differences, betrayal and desire for ethnic supremacy were viewed as being more important than the unity of Kenya

The 2007 general election remains a big dent in Kenya’s political narrative. The highly contentious presidential election pitting President Mwai Kibaki and Raila Odinga showed the ugly side of ethnic-based politics. It was tribe against tribe, with people killing one another on the streets, properties being burn and the police and other security forces unleashing hell on innocent civilians. Complete breakdown of law and order brought Kenya teetering on the brink of a civil war. One may argue that the 2007 conflict was just part of the turbulent growth towards democracy and political maturity but there is a view that the ethnic-based politics to date arises from Kenyans carrying forward the mistakes of the founding fathers.

Why ethnic mobilization characterizes Kenya’s politics

As stated above, politics of ethnicity seems to be part of Kenya from the pre-colonial period. Neither the colonial nor the post-independence governments have worked on bringing the country together as one nation. As a result there is very little of a national bond and whenever citizens have to make a choice, they often resort to their strong ethnic ties. Ethnic mobilization appears to be the only known and proven way to go. When politicians in Kenya consult with their councils of elders as is the tradition, they are never concerned about the competence of these leaders, they never seek their visions and dreams. For them (elders), what is important is that the politician understands the customs and is willing to protect the community. This view is held by a huge chunk of the electorate hence the need to use ethni-based politics to win elections.

There is also a need to maintain power and control over resources especially where the resources are scarce. Unfortunately, there are communities within Kenya that have always felt more entitled than others. They, therefore, seek to control resources and are paranoid over lose of control. This naturally creates politics of conflict, hence the need for ethnic mobilization

Low levels of civic education among many voters in Kenya is another reason why ethnicity flourishes. Kenya still has fairly high illiteracy levels and a worse record of civic education. It actually looks like civic education is often left to politicians who are always happy to play the tune of tribe and divisive politics rather than issue-based politics. It is hard to expect issue- based politics when the voters do not understand their true power and what their political representatives owe them. The flip side of the argument is also true, when the politicians are illiterate – and Kenya has witnessed quite a number – there is very little in terms of issues that can be expected from them.

Ethnicity flourishes because over the years there are a lot of Kenyans who have lost faith in political solutions. They feel disillusioned and therefore make their decisions purely on ethnic grounds because they do not care. Unfortunately for Kenya, these people are the middle class, the ones expected to set the political agenda for the country by pushing for issue-based politics.

Are Kenyans patriotic? Is there evidence to show that they hold to national ideas? What is it that holds the people together? It is true that Kenyans are an amazing people. They often come together in times of crisis; but it is also true that as a people, they lack a true national identity. Most Kenyans today do not find pride in the colors of our flag; they are too busy to be in solidarity with the aspirations of our founding fathers and mothers. The fallback position remains the ethnic cocoons.

Ethnic mobilization works best for the political class. When one gets to power primarily as a tribal leader, they perceive their responsibilities are limited to the needs of their community, not the nation. It is, therefore, much easier for them to form ethnic alliances or work for the interest of few ethnic than for the rest of the country.

Corruption in Kenya is often described as a cancer. It is a problem that appears to have no solution, morphing into different forms in successive government. What many people might not know is that corruption isn’t just an issue of personal greed. If one campaigns on an ethnic basis, it behooves them to reward members of the ethnic groups that put them in government. If Kenyans want to deal with corruption, they have to think of how they vote and try to kick out ethnicity as a major factor in elections.

The other effect of ethnically mobilized politics is the danger of civil wars. It is vital for Kenyans to remember that they are not any different from the citizens of Rwanda, South Sudan or even DR Congo, nations that have witnessed atrocious civil wars. Political games based on ethnic considerations have the capacity to burn down a country and leave it in ashes. Institutions and commissions are in place to ensure peace, but there is need to always remember that real peace, just like honesty, and patriotism, are not borne of legislation. They are built into people culturally.

Related to this are ethnic intolerance, hatred and segregation. On the surface it appears absurd that Kenyans can hate one another on tribal basis but one glance at the social media sphere paints a gloomy and worrying picture. Hate speech flourishes because of ethnic intolerance often manifest in crowds at political rallies leading to violence and even deaths.

How do we solve this? Kenyans can’t obviously do away with ethnicity. However, there is a need for the electorate to keep the debate away from tribe. The electoral wars need to be fought on other issues that affect Kenya and there are plenty of those to go round. There is also need for Kenyans to insist on fair representation as well as an accountable leadership.

The author is an advocate of the High Court of Kenya and a person living with physical disability.

Graft Claims, Party Politics Cost Ranguma His Seat

By Silas Apollo

Party politics, corruption and nepotism allegations, as well as unmet campaign pledges, may have sent Kisumu Governor Jack Ranguma home and made him the only incumbent in the Nyanza region who did not recapture his seat.

Mr Ranguma, who ran as an independent, lost to his political nemesis, Kisumu Senator Anyang’ Nyong’o (ODM).

Mr Ranguma’s counterparts in Siaya, Migori, Homa Bay, Kisii and Nyamira counties recaptured their seats on an ODM ticket.

Prof Nyong’o garnered 272,127 votes against Mr Ranguma’s 156,963 votes, out of 95 per cent of the polling stations counted.

The outgoing county boss, who was banking on what he called an impressive development record for re-election, failed to marshal a strong campaign team to counter the ODM party’s wave in the lakeside county, according to political analysts.

GLARING IRREGULARITIES

The county chief lost the ODM party ticket to Prof Nyong’o in the April nominations, which he claimed were marred by glaring irregularities.

Mr Tom Mboya, a political lecturer at Maseno University, said Mr Ranguma was a victim of the baggage that comes with incumbency as well as the onslaught from ODM, the dominant political outfit in the region.

“The governorship contest was also a battle of policies, development and fight against graft and nepotism,” said Mr Mboya. “Governors also had a bigger job of defending themselves,” he added.

But Mr Ranguma has contested Prof Nyong’o’s win, accusing his opponent of influencing voters and the results transmission system to change the final tallying.

“I have petitioned the Independent Electoral and Boundaries Commission on the matter,” said Mr Ranguma.

A guarded speaker, but described as an outsider in the ODM party ranks, Mr Ranguma has also faced a litany of accusations in his four and a half years in office, including failing to fulfil his campaign pledges, condoning corruption and unequal distribution of jobs and resources in the county.

RELOCATE HAWKERS

Mr Ranguma is blamed for failing to reorganise the town, rid it of garbage and relocate hawkers from the city centre as well as the removal of the eyesore Kachok dumpsite.

This is besides accusations that he failed to rein in MCAs, who were accused of awarding themselves expensive foreign trips, a move residents said robbed the county of millions of taxpayers’ money.

But Mr Ranguma has defended himself against the allegations, and instead accused graft cartels in the county of fighting him.

The outgoing county boss has also dismissed as hogwash the accusation that he influenced the county assembly, saying the regional House is an independent entity whose operations are not controlled by the executive.

“The county assembly is an independent institution whose decisions are not made by the executive. Its decisions are made by the county assembly service board,” said the governor.

Zambia: Compulsory HIV Testing Will Attract More Stigma, Discrimination

Photo: The Citizen

Patient being tested for HIV (file photo).

opinionBy George Mwenya

I am yet to read the full statement on the issue of making the testing for HIV mandatory.

From what l am seeing on social media it seems people are very excited and some making foolish jokes about it.

The problem in Zambia is that we make jokes about everything. Yes humor is food for the soul. However believe me some of it is just childish and stupid.

People make fun of people who face different challenges. The poor, physically challenged, mentally challenged and people who have HIV. My heart bleeds when l see this.

Some people use jokes as a new face of stigma. In social media people have found a way of getting at others. This is not wise but foolishness and lack of reasoning.

When the news about making HIV testing compulsory broke Instead of seeing a real debate about the pros and cons. All l could see were childish jokes. To me stigmatisation has already started.

I know it is important for one to know not only their HIV status just like any health status. But l think the first things we need to do is to work on the mindsets of everyone.

Making or forcing people means we have failed on the part of education. Making it mandatory means we have no capacity to teach our young people about preventive methods.

You can’t force people to go for HIV testing. It should come from them. Then as l said education.

Putting fear in people is Do a good preventive methodology. It will just make people fear to go to the hospital even when they have a simple toothache.

We should put all our energies in dealing with issues of stigma and discrimination. We should put more effort in research and help find the cure. We should try to seek to deal with preventive measures like the control of drinking places which are probably the breeding places for HIV.

Further more we should seek to create decent jobs for our young people. Night Clubs, bars will put our young girls at risk.

These are the things we should be talking about. Not programs which are just copied and pasted in our country. Some of these foreign programs don’t have anything good for our people. So we ought to be careful.

In some of these countries a referendum would be called to determine something like the issue at hand.

But here it is just copy and paste. What next after this mandatory HIV and testing? Stigma and discrimination as people will be required to go with test certificate when looking for a job or school place.

All this is happening in a number of countries. So for me it is a shame and lack of reasoning by those who are in the fore front of this law or whatever you wanna call it.

Families will be torn apart, society will be full of stigma and the country will be a big Court which will sentence people to death.

Policies and rules are nothing. Therapy, education and not putting fear in people are more important.

And those of you using jokes and social media as a way of getting at people with different challenges or HIV status. Shame on you.

The author is a PhD candidate-Political, Gender and Transnational Studies at the International Postgraduate Centre (IPC), Faculty of Social Sciences at Goethe University Frankfurt

Zambia

Zambia Ranks As 7th Most Politically Stable Country

The 2017 Analyse Africa (AA) report has ranked Zambia as the seventh most politically stable country on the 54-nation… Read more »

Gen Muntu and Two Others Nominated for FDC President

By Baker Batte Lule

Maj Gen Mugisha Muntu and two others have today been nominated to run for the FDC presidency.

Muntu arrived at the party headquarters in Najjanankumbi this afternoon accompanied by several party bigwigs including the leader of opposition in parliament Winnie Kiiza.

After nomination, Muntu promised to continue with his mission of building grassroots capacity for the 12-year-old party to enable it take national leadership.

“It is gratifying that today I have been nominated to run for the second and last term as FDC president,” Muntu said.

“It has been a very hostile environment visited upon us by the regime. Even when we met a lot of resistance, both internal and external, my purpose has been to overcome it and build a strong party.”

He noted that Uganda is facing a lot of challenges which only a focused political party leader can surmount.

Fdc party presidential candidate @mugishamuntu arrives for nominations at Fdc party offices @observerug pic.twitter.com/vwAbmQz9NY

— nicholas Bamulanzeki (@bamulanzeki) August 14, 2017

Before Muntu, Dan Malcom Matsiko and Moses Byamugisha were also nominated.

Matsiko promised to help the party mobilize funds to run its numerous activities while Byamugisha promised to rally the youth to reclaim the 2016 election victory which he said was snatched by the NRM government.

The three-month campaigns kick off on Thursday with candidates expected to crisscross the country trying to convince the electorate that they are the best to lead the party.

Tomorrow, Moses Bakubi Lukubira, Kawempe South MP Mubarak Munyagwa and former Kumi MP Patrick Amuriat Oboi are expected to go for nomination.

#FDCNomination: Moses Byamugisha to rally FDC youth to reclaim the 2016 victory ‘stolen Mr Museveni’ via @bamulanzeki pic.twitter.com/yEVHSz2QS2

— The Observer (@observerug) August 14, 2017

FDC party president nominations: Gen Mugisha Muntu wants to change the political culture of fighting individuals via @bamulanzeki pic.twitter.com/gAbqW6cyo0

— The Observer (@observerug) August 14, 2017

#FDCNomination in very high gear via @bamulanzeki pic.twitter.com/pgUMvQ2EqO

— The Observer (@observerug) August 14, 2017

Uganda

‘It’s Hard to Remove a Sitting African President’

Another election, another win, another loss, another dispute, another positive endorsement by the ‘international… Read more »

‘It’s Hard to Remove a Sitting African President’

Photo: Evans Habil/Daily Nation

Raila Amolo Odinga, 72, has lost a presidential election for the fourth time (1997, 2007, 2013 and 2017.)

opinionBy Nicholas Sengoba

Another election, another win, another loss, another dispute, another positive endorsement by the ‘international observer teams,’ and another litany of condemnation by locals for a poor show, another round of killing and maiming of protesters.

The just concluded Kenyan election has followed the script of African elections to the letter!

The most significant part of this election is in the house of Parliament. Out of 290 MPs, 179 will not be returning to Parliament. That makes a failure rate of about 62 per cent. Uganda has a similar story.

Plainly speaking, Parliament has become a fool’s paradise. The cycle begins with the one who wants to replace an incumbent. He puts a huge amount of money together. He talks big and promises paradise. He buys his way (bribes voters) there on the understanding that he will recover his deposit from the fat salary and allowances that is for those who become MPs. Then he faces the reality. In most African countries, the theory of the workings of the State has been bastardised.

The chief executive has swallowed everything and apparently he is the only effective arm of government. He, like a conductor of an orchestra, can choose when to be effective and when to be deficient. So he programmes his government to finance schools, hospitals roads and other social amenities for the pleasure and perpetuation of the incumbent. If the area is hostile they get zilch. They are held at ransom. Show the president some love and you will have what you want.

The poor MP whose job is legislation and oversight, then becomes the State. He must deep his hands in his pockets to provide roads, pay hospital, school, funeral and wedding bills if he wants to retain his seat in the next election. Eventually they burn out and are left in debt. Unlike the President, they don’t control the entire State machinery to help them retain their seats. It is then time for the electorate to ‘get themselves another fool’ as black American Sam Cooke sang so beautifully way back in 1963.

More on This

‘It’s Hard to Remove a Sitting African President’


Supreme Court Issues Timeline for Presidential Results PetitionKenyatta to Odinga Supporters – Take Complaints to Court

Kenyan President Uhuru’s Second Term Off to a Rocky Start

Uhuru Votes Were Inflated, Nasa Tells Electoral AgencyPoll Results Point to Shift in Kenyan Political Landscape

Kenya’s Post-Election Violence Leaves Several Dead

10-Year-Old Girl Shot Dead During Protests in MathareMatiangi Denies Protesters Killed By Police, Warns Violence Will Be Crushed

*********What about the silent voter in the African election? Many times we do not factor in the foreign investor and, most especially, the donors. If an incumbent, however lousy he is with the citizens, is considered good enough by investors and donors, then they are good, however bad the election is. The observers of the elections fell over each other to praise this particular election as an example to the rest of Africa even when a key election official was killed a few days to the election.Africa is destined for disaster as it borrows to fund its growth and enrich those in power to stifle the efforts of those who contend with them for power.Donors will one day come back for their money which is being squandered by those in power. That is when we shall get the entire story of why they don’t seem to care whether the money is used prudently or stolen. They keep pumping it in. The quality of elections doesn’t seem to bother them in case the incumbent is a good client. He keeps the aid project going and secures the deposit of the donors.When opposition parties speak against waste and returning the country to its citizens and so on, they are threatening the interest of the silent voters ie donors and investors. The silent voters then finance the incumbent. It is hard to remove a sitting president.********Raila Amolo Odinga, 72, has lost a presidential election on the fourth time of asking (1997, 2007, 2013 and 2017.) Now in defiance, he has called on his supporters to stay away from work as a protest for what he calls massive rigging by eventual winner Uhuru Kenyatta.This is another solution that leaders who feel short changed in an election propose to their supporters. Mass action rarely works in these parts of the world. The typical African leader starts sorting that matter out when he steps in office. As Bob Marley sung in his Reggae tune, One Drop, ‘they make the world so hard… ‘ Under his watch, agriculture, the main stay of the majority fails. The people lose their land to land grabbers and end up bitter, wallowing and hustling in urban poverty. Many of these are the types who vote for the opposition that promises them a better tomorrow.In Kenya, many of these are the slum dwellers like you have in the opposition strongholds of Kibera and Mathare. They live from hand to mouth. They have to work for a pittance from Sunday to Sunday to keep their skins and that of their kith together. Keeping away from work even for a few hours is a threat to their existence.Those in government are quick to point out that the politicians asking them to stay away from work are rich and secure; living comfortably eating sausages and sleeping on soft beds.After one or two days of protest and with the brutality of the police visited on them, these protests die out. Raila Odinga and the opposition have a mountain to climb. It is very hard to remove a sitting president.Mr Sengoba is a commentator on political and social issues. Twiitter: @nsengoba

Nakuru Governor-Elect Lee Kinyanjui Reaches Out to Rivals

By Eric Matara

Nakuru Governor-elect Lee Maiyani Kinyanjui has extended an olive branch to his five competitors inviting them to share their manifestos to help develop the cosmopolitan county.

Mr Kinyanjui said his priority is to unite Nakuru County.

He promised to work with all stakeholders, including his political rivals, to transform the county.

“I call upon all the elected leaders of Nakuru County and those who lost to join me in developing our beloved county. I will put up an all-inclusive government,” Mr Kinyanjui told Nation.

Mr Kinyanjui garnered 632,740 votes out of the 949,618 registered voters in the county.

HAILED IEBC

He hailed the Independent Electoral and Boundaries Commission (IEBC) for conducting the election in a transparent manner.

One of his competitors, the outgoing Senator James Mungai, an independent candidate, has disputed the poll outcome describing the election as a sham.

However, Mr John Mututho another rival in the race, has already conceded defeat and pledged to work with the governor-elect.

“I now embark on my social transformation agenda which I hope will leave a mark in the lives of many,” said Mr Mututho while conceding defeat.

DEFEATED

Dr Peter Koros of Chama Cha Mashinani, who was expected to give the Jubilee candidate a run for his money, came a distant second with 70,779 votes.

Mr Mututho finished third with 19,677 votes followed by Kanu candidate Paul Njorge Ben who got 9,980 votes.

On the other hand, Mr Mungai got 9,440 votes with Isaiah Gichanga Kariuki who vied as an independent candidate finished last with 6,720 votes.

Moments after County Returning Officer Silas Rotich declared Mr Kinyanjui the winner, his supporters who had jammed the hall broke into ululations, whistling and dancing as vuvuzelas rent the air.

The former Nakuru Town MP and also former chairman of the National Transport and Safety Authority (NTSA) was making his second stab at the seat.

Kenya

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DP Ruto Urges Jubilee, Nasa Leaders to Foster Unity

Nairobi — Deputy President William Ruto has said he is proud that this year’s election was more issue based and less ethnic and peaceful, compared to previous years.

The Deputy President said in any election there are those who will win and those who will lose but the Kenyans have to move forward a united nation.

Ruto said elected leaders, led by President Uhuru Kenyatta and himself will serve Kenyans equally and fairly irrespective of their political affiliation.

“This election was a lot more peaceful than any other election I have ever participated in. In this election the political formations were less ethnic, we had the face of Kenya in both Jubilee and the National Supper Alliance (NASA).”

He added: “This election we had more issues canvassed than in any other election I have participated in meaning that our country is maturing.”

Speaking at the Faith Evangelistic Ministry (FEM) Karen in Nairobi, the Deputy President revealed that he voted for a Member of Parliament who did not make it.

He added: “It does not matter how you voted, it does not matter who you voted for today we are all winners because we have leaders in our country.”

At the same time the Deputy President attributed Jubilee’s victory to the prayers they made asking religious leaders and Kenyans to continue praying for leaders to do the will of God.

He added: “This election was not decided until my friend Uhuru Kenyatta in the last rally we had in Nakuru removed his Jubilee cap and said let us pray.”

Ruto said what he and President Kenyatta have gone through and managed to achieve since 2013 to date was a miracle.

He said it was not humanly possible to win the elections 2013, win the cases at The Hague, attain remarkable achievements in four years and half years and still win the 2017 elections.

Kenya

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