Posts tagged as: office

Nigeria: N11 Trillion Electricity Scam – ICC Hears Serap’s Petition

The International Criminal Court in The Hague is considering the petition on the allegations of widespread, systematic and large-scale corruption in the electricity sector since the return of democracy in 1999 and under the governments of former presidents Olusegun Obasanjo, Umaru Musa Yar’Adua and Goodluck Jonathan in Nigeria, anti-corruption advocacy group Socio-Economic Rights and Accountability Project (SERAP) has confirmed.

In a statement today by SERAP deputy director Timothy Adewale the organization said that, “SERAP can confirm that the ICC is now considering our petition. We have received communication from Mark P. Dillon, Head of Information and Evidence Unit of the ICC indicating that the court will give due consideration to our petition.”

According to SERAP, the information is contained in a letter with reference number OTP-CR-245/17 received by the organization today. SERAP quoted the letter as reading in part: “This communication has been duly entered in the Communications Register of the Office.

We will give consideration to this communication, as appropriate, in accordance with the provisions of the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court. As soon as a decision is reached, we will inform you, in writing, and provide you with reasons for this decision.”

Timothy Adewale said: “SERAP appreciates the prompt attention to this matter by the ICC. We urge the court to pursue this matter to a satisfactory conclusion by taking the case forward as required by the provisions of the Rome Statute, and ensuring a thorough investigation and prosecution of suspected perpetrators of grand corruption in the electricity sector in Nigeria.”

It would be recalled that SERAP last week sent a petition to Mrs. Fatou Bensouda Prosecutor the ICC asking her to use her “good offices and leadership position to investigate whether the allegations of widespread, systematic and large-scale corruption in the electricity sector since the return of democracy in 1999 and under the governments of former presidents Olusegun Obasanjo, Umaru Musa Yar’Adua and Goodluck Jonathan in Nigeria amount to crimes against humanity within the jurisdiction of the International Criminal Court, and to prevail on the Nigerian government to surrender all suspected perpetrators for trial by the ICC.”

Office of The Prosecutor Nigeria is a state party to the Rome Statute and deposited its instrument of ratification on 27 September 2001. In the petition dated 16 August 2017 and signed by SERAP deputy director Timothy Adewale the organization said that, “allegations of corruption in the electricity sector in Nigeria have had catastrophic effects on the lives of millions of Nigerians, akin to crimes against humanity as contemplated under the Rome Statue and within the jurisdiction of the Court.”

According to SERAP, “The Rome Statute in article 7 defines ‘crime against humanity’ to include ‘inhumane acts causing great suffering or injury,’ committed in a widespread or systematic manner against a civilian population. The common denominator of crimes against humanity is that they are grave affronts to human security and dignity. Therefore, the staggering amounts of public funds alleged to have been stolen over the years in the electricity sector create just these consequences. Crimes against humanity are not only physical violence; allegations of corruption in the electricity sector hold a comparable gravity, which the Prosecutor should examine and thoroughly investigate.”

The petition reads in part: “The elements that need to be established to prove a “crime against humanity “under article 7(1)(k) of the Rome Statute are that, the perpetrator inflicted great suffering or serious injury by means of an inhumane act; that the perpetrator was aware of the circumstances, and that the act was committed within a widespread or systematic attack on a civilian population; and that the perpetrator knew of that link.”

“The consequences of allegations of corruption in the electricity sector are similar to those of the offences in article 7(1). Corrupt officials and corrupt contractors in the electricity sector know well that their conduct is criminal and injurious, and the denial of human dignity coupled with a radical breach of solemn trust, aggravate their alleged crime.”

“SERAP considers these allegations of widespread and systematic corruption in the electricity sector as amounting to crimes against humanity and therefore clear violations of the provisions of the Rome Statute of International Criminal Court. SERAP believes that these allegations have given rise to individual criminal responsibility of those suspected of perpetrating corruption in the electricity sector, as entrenched in the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court.”

“SERAP considers the apparent failure of successive governments and high-ranking government officials to prevent widespread and systematic corruption in the electricity sector as amounting to complicity under the Rome Statute. SERAP therefore believes that the widespread and systemic nature of large scale corruption in the electricity sector fits the legal requirements of a crime against humanity.”

“The 2006 Commonwealth working group on asset repatriation specifically refers to corruption including in the electricity sector being defined as an international crime. SERAP believes an international investigation by the ICC would complement the anticorruption initiatives by the current government and contribute to ending a culture of impunity of perpetrators.”

“SERAP believes that substantial grounds exist to warrant the intervention of the Prosecutor in this case. Pursuant to the Rome Statute, the Prosecutor has power to intervene in a situation under the jurisdiction of the Court if the Security Council or states parties refer a situation or if information is provided from other sources such as the information SERAP is providing in this case.”

“SERAP is seriously concerned that the instances of corruption highlighted above and details of which are contained in the enclosed From Darkness to Darkness report are not isolated events, but illustrate the widespread and systematic nature of large scale corruption in the electricity sector under the governments of former presidents Olusegun Obasanjo, Umaru Musa Yar’Adua and Goodluck Jonathan. This level of corruption has limited access to and affordability of electricity in Nigeria.”

“Widespread, systemic and large-scale corruption in the electricity sector and the lack of transparency and accountability in the use of public funds to support the operations of Discos have resulted in regular blackouts and disproportionately affected the most disadvantaged and vulnerable sectors of the population who cannot readily afford expensive generators in order to have a reliable power supply. The situation is not likely to improve considering that the production of electricity is not proportionate with the rapidly growing population.”

“The African Commission on Human and People’s Rights has adjudged the failure of the States “to provide basic services such as (… ) electricity” as violating the right to health.” SERAP argues that Nigeria is bound to make full use of the resources available to ensure regular and uninterrupted supply of electricity, even in times of resource constraints. Under international law, vulnerable members of the society must be protected by the adoption of relatively low-cost targeted programmes even in times of severe resources constraints.”

“SERAP also notes that allegations of corruption in the energy sector have resulted in the epileptic and interrupted supply of electricity and corresponding deprivation and denial of the citizens’ access to quality healthcare, adequate food, shelter, clothing, water, sanitation, medical care, schooling, and access to information.”

“SERAP notes that lack of access to uninterrupted energy/electricity services has forced many citizens to use and collect frequently contaminated surface water for drinking and household uses; and denied the citizens the ability and services for boiling, purifying, disinfecting, and storing water, as well as for irrigation to increase the productivity of lands, thereby decreasing the availability of food supplies and undermining employment opportunities.”

It would be recalled that last week SERAP launched its report titled, From Darkness to Darkness: How Nigerians are Paying the Price for Corruption in the Electricity Sector alleging that “the much-publicised power sector reforms in Nigeria under the Electric Power Sector Reform Act of 2005 is yet to yield desired and/or anticipated fruits largely due to corruption, regulatory lapses and policy inconsistencies. The country has lost more megawatts in the post-privatisation era due largely to widespread, systemic and large-scale corruption.”

The report also said that, “The total estimated financial loss to Nigeria from corruption in the electricity sector starting from the return to democracy in 1999 to date is over Eleven Trillion Naira (N11 Trillion Naira). This represents public funds, private equity and social investment (or divestments) in the power sector. It is estimated that may reach over Twenty Trillion Naira (N20 Trillion Naira) in the next decade given the rate of Government investment and funding in the power sector amidst dwindling fortune and recurrent revenue shortfalls.”

Kiraitu Suspends Senior County Staff

By Isabel Githae and David Muchui

Meru Governor Kiraitu Murungi has suspended senior county employees to pave way for financial and human resource audit.

Those affected are the county secretary, County Executive Committee (CECs) members, chief officers as well as sub-county, ward and town administrators.

Mr Murungi said a financial audit will be conducted by the Auditor-General and those found culpable punished.

The chairman of the County public service Board Patrick Gichunge and a member Francis Kithure were also suspended pending investigations by the Ethics and Anti-Corruption Commission.

GHOST WORKERS

The governor said the human resource audit is meant to flush out ghost workers from the payroll.

“We know there are ghost workers in the county. The former regime has also been paying Sh15million to casual workers every month, which is questionable. There are 5,000 casual workers yet the county has enough staff,” Mr Murungi said.

However, the Governor clarified that the officers who pass the audit will be retained in his government.

“To enable us achieve an efficient, clean and effective civil service, we have decided to send them on indefinite leave with immediate effect to allow for the said financial and human resource audits to be carried out,” he said.

ABUSE OF OFFICE

He added “Our government has decided to carry the audit to establish the status of the county affairs and remove any rot in the system,”

The county boss, who was flanked by members of the clergy said the measures would ensure an effective and efficient public service.

“It is our intention to make Meru one of the best governed counties in Kenya. We shall do our best to deliver our promise to make Meru great. We want to ensure that Meru has a clean, efficient and effective civil service which will deliver on this promise,” said Mr Murungi.

The county boss said despite the two members of the County Public Service Board facing charges of abuse of office, former Governor Peter Munya had refused to suspend them.

“Our government will not tolerate this blatant impunity and disobedience of the law. I have therefore suspended him and the other member with immediate effect pending outcome of their court cases,” he said.

Kenya

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Dilemma for Garissa Herders in Boni Forest

By Abdimalik Hajir

Hundreds of herders from Garissa who have taken their livestock inside Boni Forest for pasture have started leaving the area due to an imminent military raid to flush out Al-Shabaab terrorists.

Speaking to the Nation on Monday, a group of herders spoke of their frustrations and fears of being targeted in the Kenya Defence Force’s pending assault against the militants who are said to be hiding in the forest.

Boni Forest: From green paradise to warzone

CASUALTIES

Mr Abdi Mohamed, a herder, said they were forced to leave behind their weak and sickly livestock as they look for pasture after they were ordered to leave the forest.

“Today we want to go to areas near towns so that we are not caught up in the bombing as we were informed by local administrators.

“We also fear that some of the herders might be affected or hurt in the bombing,” he said.

“Since the forest was the only source of pasture for our livestock, especially during dry seasons like this, we are in a dilemma.”

OPERATION BASE

Linda Boni Operation director Joseph Kanyiri on Friday warned residents living near the forest to move away within 48 hours, saying the government will proceed with plans to destroy the hideouts.

Al-Shabaab’s elite group, Jaysh Al-Ayman, is said to have been operating from the forest since 2012 and in 2013 in retaliation to the deployment of Kenyan soldiers in Somalia.

Speaking in his office a day after being sworn into office, Garissa Governor Ali Korane said military operations were normally on target and must be acting on credible information.

Kenya

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Sudan: 42 Cholera Dead in South Darfur Camp

Nyala — In two months, 42 people have died of cholera in Kalma camp for displaced people in South Darfur. 539 others have been infected.

The deaths occurred between 26 June and 20 August, the coordinator of the camp in Nyala state, Yagoub Abdallah Furi, informed Radio Dabanga yesterday.

“There are three medical isolation centres belonging to two organisations from the United States that have been established in the camp since the cholera broke out here in June.”

Currently there are 37 hospitalised cases at the camp’s isolation wards. “There is a large shortage of intravenous solutions. We hope organisations working in the medical field and the Ministry of Health to provide us with medicines.”

The epidemic reached Manawashi, north of Nyala city, in the beginning of August.

Central Darfur

At least 36 people have been infected with cholera in Central Darfur’s Nierteti in the past 11 days. Four of them died, sources reported to Radio Dabanga. The UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) reported in its latest biweekly bulletin that “humanitarian access and insecurity remain major challenges for the implementation of key health and protection interventions” in Central Darfur.

“Nierteti’s hospital faces gaps in medicines, including oral and intravenous re-hydration solutions [..],” OCHA stated. “In Zalingei hospital, there are several sanitation issues, including lack of latrines and evidence of improper solid waste management [..].”

National epidemic

The National Epidemiological Corporation reported in early July that nearly 24,000 Sudanese have been infected and 940 cholera patients have died since the outbreak of the infectious disease in Blue Nile state in August last year.

The Sudanese authorities however, refuse to call the disease by its name, and instead refer to it as “Acute Watery Diarrhoea”. The National Intelligence and Security Service has repeatedly warned medics and the press in the country not to make mention of cholera.

Sudan

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Zimbabwe: Decriminalisation of Gold Possession Looms

By Africa Moyo Business Reporter–

THE new Mines and Minerals Amendment Act is expected to create a favourable operating environment for small-scale miners, who are currently bearing the brunt of a punitive colonial law that criminalises their activities. The Mines and Minerals Amendment Bill is currently being reviewed by Parliament. Amendments to the Mines and Minerals Act (Chapter 21:05), which was enacted in 1963, have been in the pipeline since 2007, but have since been accelerated under the auspices of the ease of doing business. Government, through the Office of the President and Cabinet (OPC), is leading the reforms under the Rapid Results Initiative.

A Technical Working Group has since been created by Government to ensure that all amendments to the Mines and Minerals Act conform to the aspirations of the ease of doing business reforms.

Team leader of the Technical Working Group, Professor Ashok Chakravarti told The Herald Business last week that: “The Bill is with Parliament and is going to be reviewed by the Portfolio Committee (on Mines and Energy). That review has not been completed.

“There will be some input coming from this ease of doing business (Technical Working) Group; the input will be given to the Parliamentary Portfolio Committee,” said Prof Chakravarti.

Prof Chakravarti referred questions on some of the new provisions in the Bill Dr Daniel Shumba, the chairperson of the Mines Portfolio Committee.

Dr Shumba’s mobile phone was unreachable by the time of going to print.

But Prof Chakravarti said his Technical Working Group wants the Bill “to be the one which is going to provide a favourable environment for the mining sector”.

“In particular, we want it to provide a favourable environment to makorokoza (small miners) because you know they are almost four million of them now and they are producing 10 tonnes of gold.

“In the old colonial Act they are all illegal, they are criminals; so we must change all those things and we must make them legal. We must give them incentives, we must support them because they are doing a wonderful thing for the country.

“So those are some of the things that should be coming in the new Act to make sure that there is broad participation of people in mining, and done in a proper way and we increase production and exports.”

Once small-scale miners are catered for in the new Mines law; that would bring closure to a long running issue that has literally divided Government. The Ministry of Mines and Mining Development together with the Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe (RBZ), have been lobbying for the decriminalisation of gold possession.

Zimbabwe

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Sudan: Contracts of Implementation of Number of Qatar-Funded Development Projects in Darfur to Be Signed Monday

Khartoum — The Chairman of Darfur Peace Office and General Supervisor of Darfur Commissions Magdi Khalefalla is due to launch , Monday , at Corinthia hotel in Khartoum the signing ceremony of contracts of implementation of numerous development projects financed by Qatar Development Fund.

The contracts cover construction of 10 model villages in the five Darfur States.

The Chairman of Darfur Peace Office appreciated Qatar efforts and sponsorship of the peace process in Darfur in addition to its contributions to reconstruction and development in the region.

He said establishment of 10 model villages in Darfur would contribute xto repatriation of displaced people and refugees to their home villages, disclosing that Qatar had set up 10 model villages in Darfur during the period of the Darfur Regional Authority as well as crash development projects.

Magdi pointed out that the construction of these villages comes with context of implementation of Doha Document for Peace in Darfur, stressing that Qatar has played pivotal role in achievement of security and peace in Darfur.

Sudan

South Kordufan Governor Says Tourism Festival Reflect the Stability His State Enjoys

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Sudan: Al-Jaz – The Integrated Slaughterhouse Project As Partnership Between Sudan and China

Khartoum — The Deputy Chairman of the High Committee for Overseeing Sudan’s Relations with BRICS countries, Dr Awad AhmedAl-Jaz, affirmed that he Integrated Slaughterhouse Project is a partnership in animal and agricultural field between Sudan and China.

Al-Jaz, who was attending opening of meetings of China Technical Committee for the Project in his Office, Sunday, pointed out that the delegation came to complete discussion over engineering and mechanic work plan, explaining that the project implemented at donation and loan from China.

He hoped that the project would contribute to promotion of our animal resources and to export meat instead of animals.

Dr Al-Jaz added the Slaughterhouse would use a high technologies and make use of all wastes.

Sudan

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Sudan: ‘Central Darfur Must Prepare for Diarrhoea Epidemic’

Khartoum — About 42,300 people were affected by heavy rains and flash floods throughout the country. International aid agencies reported the need for accelerated preparedness for Acute Watery Diarrhoea (AWD) and responses in Central Darfur. Aid reaches 1,000 displaced people who fled to El Sireaf, North Darfur, due to inter-tribal conflict in Central Darfur, the Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) reported in its latest biweekly bulletin.

Heavy rains and flash floods have affected about 42,300 people in Khartoum, El Gezira, Sennar, North Darfur, South Darfur, Central Darfur, South Kordofan and White Nile states as of 13 August 2017, according to the Government of Sudan Humanitarian Aid Commission (HAC). This is significantly lower compared to the same period last year, when over 216,000 people were affected by heavy rains and flash floods.

In Khartoum, 205 homes were destroyed and 845 damaged, affecting an estimated 5,250 people. In El Gezira, 678 homes were destroyed and 79 damaged, affecting an estimated 3,785 people.

In South Kordofan, 450 homes were destroyed and 43 damaged, affecting an estimated 2,840 people. The UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) is currently following up with HAC and humanitarian partners to identify needs.

In Central Darfur, 897 homes were destroyed, affecting an estimated 4,485 people, mainly in Hamidiya and Hasahisa internally displaced persons (IDP) camps. A joint assessment by humanitarian organisations, including HAC, recommended immediate provision of emergency shelter and household supplies to all affected families in both camps.

In Sennar, 1,059 homes were destroyed and 765 were damaged, affecting an estimated 9,120 people. In response, the Sudanese Red Crescent Society (SRCS) distributed 200 pieces of plastic sheeting and readymade food, and provided support in evacuating some affected households.

In North Darfur State, 104 homes were destroyed and 128 were damaged, affecting an estimated 1,041 people. In South Darfur, 1,113 homes were destroyed and 727 damaged, affecting an estimated 9,200 people.

In White Nile state, 919 homes were destroyed and 390 were damaged, affecting an estimated 6,545 people. In response, UNHCR distributed 200 pieces of plastic sheeting, 200 kitchen utensils and 200 jerry cans.

Above average rainfall in most cropping areas of Sudan, FEWS NET

Meanwhile, according to the latest FEWS NET East Africa Seasonal Monitor Report for August 2017, seasonal rainfall in Sudan has continued to be above average during the past few weeks, which has been favourable in most cropping areas of the country.

The weekly forecasts indicate continued intensification of seasonal rainfall, with increased likelihood for flooding in flood-prone areas of eastern Sudan. However, there are localised areas in western Darfur where July rains were below average, resulting in drier-thannormal vegetation conditions.

Need for accelerated AWD preparedness, Central Darfur

In early August, a joint mission visited Central Darfur’s Nierteti and Zalingei areas to report on gaps and challenges in the Acute Watery Diarrhoea (AWD) response activities. The mission included representatives from the Federal Ministry of Health (FMoH), the World Health Organization (WHO), the UN Development Agency (UNDP), the UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR) and OCHA.

Humanitarian access and insecurity remain major challenges for the implementation of key health and protection interventions in the area. Additionally, Nierteti’s hospital faces gaps in medicines, including oral and intravenous re-hydration solutions, which are needed in the treatment of AWD. The hospital also lacks an isolation ward, has staffing shortages-with just two physicians and two nurses currently on board-and lacks proper health administration and hospital management staff.

In Zalingei hospital, there are several sanitation issues, including lack of latrines and evidence of improper solid waste management, increasing the risk of vector-borne diseases, including AWD, spreading more quickly. To respond adequately and swiftly to the growing needs, the mission found that in Central Darfur, which is reporting suspected cases of AWD for the first time, six localities require isolation centres to be established as soon as possible.

Aid for 1,000 El Sireif displaced

From 1 to 3 August 2017, OCHA, UNICEF and WES carried out a fact finding and monitoring mission to North Darfur’s El Sireif locality to assess the needs of an estimated 1,000 people (215 families) newly displaced from Central Darfur’s Salayle village (Um Dukhun locality) who sought shelter in El Hariga area, approximately 3km southwest of El Sireif town. These people fled their homes following conflict between the Misseriya and the Salamat tribes which reportedly resulted in the burning of their village and the loss of most of their property and assets (food, livestock and essential household items), according to community leaders and local authorities.

According to the leaders of the displaced, they will remain in El Sireif and not return to Central Darfur. The community were originally from El Sireif area but had fled to Central Darfur over 50 years ago. They no longer have any connections with relatives in the area and are considered displaced people.

More Governors to Take Oath of Office This Week

Bomet Governor-elect Joyce Laboso and outgoing governor Isaac Ruto Sunday met for the first time after the General Election for the rehearsal of Dr Laboso’s inauguration ceremony to take place on Tuesday.

Dr Laboso, Mr Ruto and the transition team met at the county government headquarters in Bomet town. Dr Laboso said the day belongs to the Bomet people.

HISTORIC

“It will be a historic day for all of us taking into account that I am among the first three Kenyan women to be elected governors in the country since the onset of devolution,” she said.

Dr Laboso called on Bomet people to turn up in large numbers for the ceremony to welcome the dignitaries who will attend the occasion.

She said campaigns are over and called on her supporters and those of the outgoing governor to work as a team.

Dr Laboso said she will cooperate with the outgoing governor and the entire Bomet County leadership for the sake of faster development and unity of purpose in the region.

SURPRISE GUEST

On his side, Mr Ruto called on his supporters to work with his successor. “I am asking the new governor to pick up from where I left and do more for the Bomet people,” he said.

Meanwhile, Deputy President William Ruto is expected to be a surprise guest during the inauguration of Kitui Governor-elect Charity Ngilu.

Wiper party leader Kalonzo Musyoka and outgoing Kitui Senator David Musila, who was Mrs Ngilu’s main rival in the elections, are among other Ukambani elected leaders expected to grace the swearing in ceremony.

Government sources said that the Deputy President will make an impromptu appearance at Ms Ngilu’s inauguration ceremony to be held at Muslim Secondary School in Kitui town on Tuesday.

SPECULATE

“Yes, the DP will be attending Mrs Ngilu’s swearing-in ceremony in Kitui,” said a source familiar with Mr Ruto’s itinerary without giving further details.

However, Mrs Ngilu yesterday said she had not been notified of the DP visit but said she did not want to discuss or speculate on a matter that was being discussed outside official channels.

“Everybody is welcome but the chief guests will be the barefooted women and jobless youth who overwhelmingly voted for me,” she said when asked whether she was aware of Mr Ruto’s visit.

Mrs Ngilu was highly critical of President Kenyatta and Mr Ruto during her campaigns. The governor-elect was hounded out of Cabinet in 2015 alongside five other colleagues on corruption allegations.

CEREMONY

At the same time, Nairobi Governor-elect Mike Sonko will be sworn in Monday at Uhuru Park in a ceremony to be attended by President Uhuru Kenyatta.

The chairman of the Assumption of Office committee, county secretary Robert Ayisi said the committee ensured that they used minimum expenses to organise the ceremony as Mr Sonko had rejected Sh25 million set aside for his inauguration.

“We spent very little but I am sure it will be a colourful event,” said Dr Ayisi.

Kenya

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How Uganda Children Are Affected By Urbanisation

By Everlyn Lirri

Children in Uganda’s urban areas may be better off with their greater access to social services compared with their rural counterparts but they are also more vulnerable to homelessness, exploitation and abuse.

A report by Unicef Uganda and the Office of the Prime Minister adds that girls in urban areas also stand a higher risk of exposure to HIV and Aids.

“Urban children are more likely to live in overcrowded conditions, with 62.3 per cent of households using one room for sleep compared with 42 per cent in rural areas,” the report says.

Sanitation also remains a challenge for many urban dwellers with families sharing one latrine with up to 20 households. At least 57 per cent of Uganda’s population is made up of children and young people under the age of 18.

Despite the harsh living conditions in urban centers, many Ugandans are increasingly leaving their village to settle in towns and the city, with the report noting that urbanisation in Uganda is occurring at a rate of over five per cent per year.

Pro-poor services

“At this rate, it is estimated that about 30 per cent of the country’s population will be urban dwellers by 2035, up from the current 20 per cent. A high proportion of these urban dwellers will be children and youth,” the report notes.

Although a big percentage of this rapid urbanisation has been in small and secondary urban centers, the report notes that the greater Kampala metropolitan area is home to more than 50 per cent of Uganda’s urban dwellers.

The national population and housing census 2014 puts Kampala’s population at 1.5 million.

Even in the greater Kampala area, about half of the dwellers live in slums with inadequate housing, poor sanitation and limited access to basic services like education and employment.

“These challenges threaten to undermine our national potential and trap millions of children in poverty, and must take action now to develop programmes that ensure children in urban areas are protected to achieve their full potential,” said Christine Guwatudde, the Permanent Secretary in the Office of the Prime Minister.

Patrick Musoke, the deputy director in charge of strategy management at Kampala City Council Authority said inclusive growth of cities and urban centers should be linked to affordable housing programmes and access to other pro-poor social services.

“We need to upgrade slums so that when people move from rural to urban areas, they do not get into worse living conditions than those they left in the villages,” said Mr Musoke.

Uganda

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