Posts tagged as: libya

Three Elders Arrested for Aiding Terrorist Get ID Card

By Fred Mukinda

Three elders are being held police on suspicion of helping terrorists sneak into Kenya.

They have been identified as Mr Abdisalaw Abdullahi Idiwo, Mr Roble Abdi Hussein and Mr Bule Abdullahi Gedi.

The three, according to a police report seen by the Nation, took advantage of their position as council of elders in Garissa to vouch for registration of an Ethiopian, who has since been arrested over links to terrorists.

VETTING

“The elders connived with the aliens to mislead the vetting committee on their citizenship, contrary to their obligation of rightfully informing the vetting committee on the natives of the region. They used a fake name, Mohamed Abdi Aden to acquire an identity card for the Ethiopian alien,” the report says.

Kenyan administration at the grassroots, particularly on the border depend on council of elders for credible identification on youth seeking Kenyan identification documents.

Corrupt government officials have also been colluding with unscrupulous elders to help aliens get the Kenyan identification document.

“Cases have been reported of government staff responsible for issuing these documents either engaging themselves in the crime for monetary gains, or not applying due diligence in discharging their duty,” police say.

Police are warning that anyone found issuing the documents illegally to foreigners will be prosecuted.

BOMB

The elders were arrested at Medina, Garissa County.

Investigations revealed that the illegal identity card was issued in March 2012.

The suspect, who was issued with the identity card, was found with bomb making materials.

Upon interrogation police established that the suspect was on a mission to carry out a bomb attack in Nairobi.

“The incident brings to focus the issue of foreigners infiltrating the country from neighboring countries and acquiring Kenyan vital registration documents in order to conceal their nefarious activities,” the police added.

Police say the foreigners use their illegally acquired documents to open bank accounts, register for mobile money transfer services, enroll in local learning institutions, travel abroad, and apply for local jobs or even join the police or the military, thus posing a serious threat to the national security.

ISLAMIC STATE

Another report appeals to the public to report cases of youths missing or suspected to have left to join terrorist groups.

Three Kenyan women were lured to Libya by the Islamic State two years ago but were brought back after they were arrested in Egypt in August.

Ms Firthoza Ali Ahmed aged 29, Ms Aisha Mafudh Ashur (24), and Ms Tawfiqa Dahir Adan, (24), were arrested by Egyptian authorities in Cairo on August 24.

They were detained for two days and then surrendered to the Kenyan embassy.

After the arrest, the three told interrogators that they had escaped from Libya where an Islamic State in Iraq and Syria (Isis) operative had held them captive.

“They were arrested on grounds of being in Egypt illegally and without travel documents. They were also asking for directions to the Kenyan embassy,” says a security report on the matter.

Three Girls Return Home After Escaping Isis Captivity in Libya

Three girls who had left Kenya to join ISIS in Libya have been brought home.

The three girls, Firthoza Ali Ahmed, Aisha Mafudh Ashur and Tawfiqa Dahir Adan, were rescued in the streets of Cairo, Egypt trying to find their way to the Kenyan Embassy in Egypt, after escaping their captors in Benghazi, Libya.

Firthoza says she was job hunting online when she was contacted by someone known as Umm Mariam on Twitter.

Umm Mariam seemed to know her well from the questions she asked. She also knew that Firthoza was looking for a job.

JOB DESPERATION

Thereafter, Umm Mariam offered to help get her a job in other parts of the world, especially Europe, urging that they paid their employees well. Consumed with the desperation of getting a job, she accepted Umm Mariam’s help.

Firthoza, did not have travel documents, but Mariam, assured her, that she knew people who could fix her problems, so she should not worry.

That is how the trio was lured to embark on a dreadful journey to Libya, to Join ISIS.

The safe return of the girls to the country is the successful efforts of the multiagency security approach employed by the Kenyan government in conjunction with other foreign governments to prevent the youth from leaving the country and to track those who have left and bring them back home.

Sources say that, many youth fighting for terror groups in Somalia, Libya and Syria, have reached out to the government to seek for amnesty.

SPYING ON TERROR GROUPS

They have expressed their willingness to cooperate with the government in the fight against terrorism. Most of the Kenyans fighters are being executed for spying on the terror groups.

The girls joining the group suffer the most because they are exposed to inhumane treatment, where they are sexually abused and beaten up if they resist.

Many girls die within weeks of getting into the militia controlled territory as a result of the adverse conditions they are subjected to. For instance, while there, the girls are treated as communal wives, to serve all the fighters at the battle front.

Psychologists opine that parents have a huge stake to play in the fight against radicalization into the terrorism.

Kenya

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Libya: Libya Must End Arbitrary Detention of Refugees, Asylum-Seekers, and Migrants

press release

New York/Tripoli — Libyan authorities must immediately end the arbitrary detention of refugees, asylum-seekers, and migrants, the international medical humanitarian organization Doctors Without Borders/Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) said today, decrying the dire, unhealthy, and abusive conditions in detention centers.

For more than one year, MSF medical teams have been treating people arbitrarily held in detention centers in Tripoli nominally under the control of the Libyan Ministry of Interior. More than one thousand detainees are treated monthly for respiratory tract infections, acute watery diarrhea, scabies, lice, and urinary tract infections. The medical conditions are directly caused or aggravated by squalid detention conditions and ill treatment.

“Detainees are stripped of any human dignity, exposed to abusive treatment and lack adequate access to medical care,” said Dr.Sibylle Sang, a medical advisor for MSF. “Every day we see how much unnecessary harm is being caused by detaining people in these conditions. But there is only so much we can do to ease the suffering.”

Many detention centers have limited natural light and ventilation and are dangerously overcrowded. The amount of space per detainee is so limited that people are unable to stretch out at night. Food shortages have caused acute malnutrition in adults, with some patients requiring urgent hospitalization.

With no rule of law in Libya, the detention system is harmful and exploitative. There is a disturbing lack of oversight and regulation and no basic legal and procedural safeguards to ensure that detainees are not tortured or ill-treated.

Some people treated by MSF report being forcibly returned to Libya and placed in detention centers by the Libyan Coast Guard, after trying to flee across the Mediterranean.

Once people are inside a detention center there is no way to track them, making close monitoring and follow-up of patients extremely difficult. From one day to the next, people can be transferred between different detention centers or moved to undisclosed locations. Some patients disappear without a trace. The medical care MSF is able to provide in these circumstances is extremely limited.

Access to the detention centers is restricted when clashes take place between heavily armed militias in Tripoli. In addition, the management of the detention centres can change overnight and MSF must renegotiate access to patients held inside. Other detention centers remain inaccessible to MSF due to violence and insecurity.

Increased international funding to Libya alone is not the solution to alleviating the suffering of refugees and migrants held in detention centers, said MSF. A narrow focus on improving detention conditions risks legitimizing and perpetuating a system in which people are detained arbitrarily, without recourse to the law, and exposed to harm and exploitation.

See more in the photo report released today: “Human Suffering: Inside Libya’s migrant detention centres”

For the past year, MSF has been providing lifesaving and primary healthcare to refugees, asylum-seekers, and migrants detained in Tripoli. If security conditions allow and if it is considered safe to do so, medical teams visit seven different detention centers nominally under the control of the Ministry of Interior on a weekly basis. Since activities started in June 2016, teams have visited a total of 16 detention centers. There are other detention centers that remain inaccessible for MSF teams due to ongoing violence and insecurity.

In Misrata, MSF is providing healthcare to refugees and migrants held in four detention centers. Each month medical teams provide about 100 medical consultations and refer detainees in need of further medical assistance to secondary and tertiary healthcare facilities. MSF recently opened mobile clinics in Misrata and further south to provide medical and humanitarian assistance to migrants and refugees outside official detention centers.

MSF has worked in Libya since 2011 to support the health system, which has been affected by renewed war and an ensuing economic recession. To help public health structures which struggle with shortages of medicines and staff, MSF continues to respond with donations and other support. Responding to the needs of communities affected by the conflict, MSF is also providing pediatric, gynecological and obstetric care, as well as mental health services, in Benghazi.

Libya, Morocco Confirm Tickets to Kenya

Libya became the first team to qualify for the Total African Nations Championship (CHAN) Kenya after a 1-1 draw with Algeria in Sfax, joined by Morocco which beat Egypt 3-1 in Rabat both on Friday.

Winners in 2014 in South Africa, the Libyans advanced 3-1 on aggregate, on the wings of a a 2-1 win in the first leg in Constantine last week. It is the third time, after the maiden edition in 2009 that the Mediterranean Knights have qualified for the finals of the competition designed exclusively for footballers playing in their domestic leagues.

Despite hosting the game in the Tunisian city of Sfax due to the political instability back home, the Libyan side dominated by players of Total CAF Champions League 2017 quarter finalists, Ahly Tripoli, gave a good account of themselves against a very determined Algerian team, who made clear their intent from the start.

‘Les Fennecs’, whose fourth position at the 2011 edition in Sudan remains their only participation in the biennial championship, deservingly took the lead on 23 minutes through Sofiane Bendebeka. The MC Alger midfielder slammed home after Libya goalie Mohamed Nashnush spilled Abdelraouf Benguit’s shot his way.

Ahly Tripoli youngster, Muaid Ellafi, scorer of the winner in the previous fixture was on hand to haunt the Algerians yet again, netting the equalizer on the stroke of half time.

The second half was a balanced affair with the Libyans surviving onslaughts by the Algerians coupled with superb saves from Nashnush.

Elsewhere in Rabat, an improved second half performance from Morocco prolonged Egypt’s much awaited debut at the finals to the next edition. Defender Jawad El Yamiq’s header from Abdelilah Hafidi’s well-taken free-kick gave the Atlas Lions the lead on 50 minutes.

Three minutes later, Abderrahim Makran added the second before Badr Boulhroude converted a penalty on 69 minutes to take the game beyond the Egyptians, gifted a consolation after an own goal by defender Hamza Semmoumy five minutes from time.

The Moroccans went through 4-2 on aggregate to make a hat-trick of qualifications for the finals after 2014 and 2016 in South Africa and Rwanda respectively.

The 12 other finalists will be decided at the weekend.

Meanwhile, the final tournament will take place from 12 January to 4 February 2018 in Kenya.

Fixtures

Central Zone

19.08.2017 Kinshasa DR Congo vs Congo (0-0)

19.08.2017 Yaounde Cameroon vs Sao Tome (2-0)

Central-East Zone

19.08.2017 Kigali Rwanda vs Uganda (0-3)

19.08.2017 El Obeid Sudan vs Ethiopia (1-1)

North Zone

18.08.2017 Sfax Libya 1-1 Algeria (2-1)

18.08.2017 Rabat Morocco 3-1 Egypt (1-1)

South Zone

19.08.2017 Ndola Zambia vs South Africa (2-2)

19.08.2017 Luanda Angola vs Madagascar (0-0)

20.08.2017 Windhoek Namibia vs Comoros (1-2)

West A Zone

19.08.2017 Bamako Mali vs Mauritania (2-2)

22.08.2017 Conakry Guinea vs Senegal (1-3)

West B Zone

20.08.2017 Kumasi Ghana vs Burkina Faso (2-2)

19.08.2017 Kano Nigeria vs Benin (0-1)

19.08.2017 Abidjan Cote d’Ivoire vs Niger (1-2)

Man Presents Himself to Police Over Suspected Terror Link

By Fred Mukinda

A man claiming to be on the list of most wanted terror suspects and with a Sh2 million bounty on his head presented himself to police barely 24 hours after his photograph was circulated.

He said his name is Mohammed Dahir Mohammed, the man whose photograph was released by police on Tuesday.

Police spokesman George Kinoti said the suspect would be interrogated to establish if he “was indeed the suspect wanted for terrorism links”.

Dahir is suspected of being an agent of a notorious human smuggling network that recruits young people for Isis and arranges their transport to Libya and Syria.

He was being hunted alongside Nicholas Karanja Mwangi, aka Said Mwangi, who also has a Sh2 million bounty on his head.

Inspector General of Police Joseph Boinnet had described them as “armed and dangerous,” when he released their photographs.

Also in custody are three Kenyans and a Somali refugee who were arrested earlier in South Sudan on suspicion that they were travelling to Libya to join terror group Isis.

The Kenyans are Said Ahmed Dabow, Adan Sheikh and Mohamed Abdi Mohamed, while the Somali is Abdiqani Abdishakur Shobaywere.

The four were arrested by South Sudanese authorities and handed over to Kenyan officials.

Interrogations revealed the suspects were relying on Magafe network, a human smuggling cartel that operates in Libya but has agents in over 10 African countries, to get to their destination in Syria.

Kenya

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Uganda Telecom Will Become Profitable, URSB Maintains

By Eronie Kamukama

Kampala — Uganda Registration Services Bureau (URSB) has assured Ugandans that Uganda Telecom Limited (UTL) will leap out of debt under its administration.

“I have no doubt in my mind that we shall achieve this as government is committed to ensure that UTL continues to trade profitably,” URSB registrar general Bemanya Twebaze said.

He was speaking to journalists on Tuesday in Kampala shortly after meeting UTL staff to put in place a strategy that will ensure the company not only becomes profitable but also very competitive.

“As we speak, UTL is heavily indebted and my responsibility with the team is to ensure that we get out of this debt, that it survives but most importantly, that it runs as a going concern profitably,” Mr Twebaze said.

URSB is currently engaging all stakeholders, including more than 400 UTL staff. Top on Mr Twebaze’s agenda is to ensure that creditors get maximum returns and that debtors comply and pay what is due to UTL.

URSB took over the operations of UTL on April 28 following its appointment as the provisional administration.

Ms Evelyn Anite, the State minister for Finance in charge of Privatisation and Investment, last week said putting UTL under an administrator would offer a platform for debtors and creditors of the government-owned firm to engage.

UTL’s woes came to light last year when Parliament’s probe committee revealed that the telecom company was debt-ridden to a tune of Shs128b.

Besides the debt, fat salaries and fraud that have crippled the company over the years; part of the company’s problems stemmed from the fact that Libya African Portfolio Green, then majority shareholders based in Tripoli, Libya were managing UTL with less consultation and unknowing of the business situation in Uganda.

In a recent report, findings of an audit by PricewaterhouseCoopers, a UK headquartered multinational audit firm, put UTL’s liabilities at Shs700b, while Mr Stephen Kaboyo, the board chairman of UTL recently put them at Shs500b. This is compared to the assets which stand at just Shs248b.

Uganda

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Uganda: Uganda Telecom Will Become Profitable, URSB Maintains

By Eronie Kamukama

Kampala — Uganda Registration Services Bureau (URSB) has assured Ugandans that Uganda Telecom Limited (UTL) will leap out of debt under its administration.

“I have no doubt in my mind that we shall achieve this as government is committed to ensure that UTL continues to trade profitably,” URSB registrar general Bemanya Twebaze said.

He was speaking to journalists on Tuesday in Kampala shortly after meeting UTL staff to put in place a strategy that will ensure the company not only becomes profitable but also very competitive.

“As we speak, UTL is heavily indebted and my responsibility with the team is to ensure that we get out of this debt, that it survives but most importantly, that it runs as a going concern profitably,” Mr Twebaze said.

URSB is currently engaging all stakeholders, including more than 400 UTL staff. Top on Mr Twebaze’s agenda is to ensure that creditors get maximum returns and that debtors comply and pay what is due to UTL.

URSB took over the operations of UTL on April 28 following its appointment as the provisional administration.

Ms Evelyn Anite, the State minister for Finance in charge of Privatisation and Investment, last week said putting UTL under an administrator would offer a platform for debtors and creditors of the government-owned firm to engage.

UTL’s woes came to light last year when Parliament’s probe committee revealed that the telecom company was debt-ridden to a tune of Shs128b.

Besides the debt, fat salaries and fraud that have crippled the company over the years; part of the company’s problems stemmed from the fact that Libya African Portfolio Green, then majority shareholders based in Tripoli, Libya were managing UTL with less consultation and unknowing of the business situation in Uganda.

In a recent report, findings of an audit by PricewaterhouseCoopers, a UK headquartered multinational audit firm, put UTL’s liabilities at Shs700b, while Mr Stephen Kaboyo, the board chairman of UTL recently put them at Shs500b. This is compared to the assets which stand at just Shs248b.

Uganda

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Police Hold Four Terror Suspects After Operations in Dadaab

By Fred Mukinda

Police are holding four people, including a man who was a candidate in last year’s KCPE exam, on suspicions of engaging in terrorism and human smuggling.

They were arrested in separate operations at the Daadab refugee camp in Garissa.

Investigators are struggling to establish that the four are linked to terrorist groups Al-Shabaab in Somalia and the Islamic State in Libya and Syria.

Moreover, their activities have been linked to human smuggling cartels that facilitate movement of terror recruits.

The suspects in custody are Omar Mohamed Khalif, Barkhatle Maham, Bare Hassan Mahat and Mohamed Aden.

Police said the men have been on the list of wanted terrorists for the last one year.

Omar, aged 54 years, was placed on the terror list following the bombing of a matatu in Eastleigh, Nairobi, in 2012.

The other suspect, Barkhatle was named as an associate.

TERROR OPERATIONS

Investigations have revealed the human smuggling cartels in refugee camps operate in Ifo, Hagadera and Dagahaley.

Regarding Bare, a police report seen by the Nation says he was a KCPE candidate at Halane Primary School in 2016.

He lives in block D2 at Ifo refugee camp that is part of the Daadab complex.

He is described as “a student of Ahmed Rage. Rage was arrested by police on the November 8, last year and held at Garissa police station following reports that he received a vehicle from Somalia for terror operations.”

The last suspect is also known to police as Cag Jar and lived in Hagardera Refugee Camp.

“He was planning attacks at Garissa Teachers College, Catholic Church and a Primary School. Mohamed’s associates have been probed before, on human smuggling in Garissa. Mohamed Aden is suspected of being an Al-Shabaab operative and a human smuggler,” the report also says.

The arrest comes at a time authorities have heightened surveillance against human trafficking following the discovery of Magafe network, that helps in movement of recruits on behalf of Al-Shabaab and IS.

10 ROUTES

It has agents operating in Kenya, Uganda, Libya, Sudan, Nigeria, Somalia, Niger, Algeria, Tanzania, Ethiopia, South Sudan and Egypt.

Security agencies are now collaborating with their equivalents in other countries in a bid to better understand the seamless blend of the terrorism organisation and other organised crime groups involved in conventional crimes like human trafficking, human organs harvesting as well as abduction and ransom.

So far, investigations have established 10 routes used by the Magafe network to transport terror recruits from Kenya to Syria and Libya.

Using these routes, recruits are able to reach Syria by sea, air or road.

One of the air routes involves flying to United Arab Emirates then connecting to Syria.

In another route recruits fly to Lagos, Nigeria, then travel by road to the neighbouring Niger after which the road trip continues to Algeria, then back to Libya at Tripoli, followed by sea journey through the Mediterranean sea.

Another road trip involves travelling to Kampala, Uganda, then continue to Juba in South Sudan before going north to Khartoum in Sudan, then proceed to Egypt from where the rest of journey to Syria is through the sea.

The Ethiopian route involves flying from Nairobi to Addis Ababa and the rest of journey to Sudan then Egypt is by road. The recruits then cross to Syria through the Mediterranean.

Kenyan Trainee Doctors Killed in Raid On Libya Isis Base

Photo: RFI

The city of Sirte in Libya.

By Fred Mukinda

Two Kenyan trainee doctors on the police list of wanted terrorists have been killed in a sting operation in Libya.

Farah Dagane Hassan, 26 and Hiish Ahmed Ali, 25, who were interns at Kitale hospital before they fled Kenya, died in the Libyan city of Sirte after a raid against Islamic State remnants there.

Before the trainee doctors fled, investigations linked them to a terrorism network comprising young doctors that was planning biological weapon attacks in the country.

The plan was uncovered in April last year after one of the suspected masterminds, Mohammed Abdi Ali aka Abu Fidaa, also a doctor, was arrested.

He and his wife Nuseibah Mohammed, alias Ummu Fidaa, a medical student, are facing terrorism charges in court.

Police offered Sh4 million to anyone with information that could lead to the arrest of any of the young doctors on the list of most wanted terror suspects.

Investigations that followed unearthed that Isis in Syria had established an international terror network with agents in Kenya, Uganda, Libya, Sudan, Nigeria, Somalia, Niger, Algeria, Tanzania, Ethiopia, South Sudan and Egypt.

The network relied on a human trafficking ring called the “Magafe network” for the transportation of recruits.

HUMAN TRAFFICKING

Security agencies are now collaborating with their counterparts in other countries to better understand the terrorism organisation and other organised crime outfits involved in conventional crimes such as human trafficking, human organ harvesting, abduction and ransoms.

Investigations have so far established 10 routes used by the Magafe network to transport terror recruits from Kenya to Syria and Libya by sea, air or road.

One of the air routes flies them to the United Arab Emirates, then on to Syria.

Another one flies them to Lagos, then takes them on a road trip to neighbouring Niger, on to Algeria and then to Libya, ending with a sea journey through the Mediterranean Sea to Syria.

Another road takes them to Kampala, then to Juba in South Sudan after which they go north to Khartoum, on to Egypt and finally to Syria by sea.

The Ethiopian route takes them from Nairobi to Addis Ababa while the rest of the journey to Sudan and Egypt is by road. The recruits then cross the Mediterranean to reach Syria.

The trainee doctors studied medicine at Kampala International University in Uganda, where they were recruited.

POSTED TO KITALE

Hiish was brought up in Mansa village, Fafi constituency. He completed his medical studies in June, 2015, and registered with the Health ministry. He was then posted to the Kitale public hospital.

“According to his classmates, Hiish behaved normally and was very religious during his university years. He liked reading the Koran and did not like watching videos,” according to a government document.

Kenyan doctor trainees killed in Libya Hiish Ahmed Ali and Farah Dagane Hassan. PHOTOS | AGENCIES

Farah joined the university in September, 2010 and completed his studies in January, 2016, joining the hospital the following month in February.

The two travelled to Libya through the Kampala-Khartoum-route.

“On arrival, they joined the ranks of Isis and started recruiting individuals from Kenya. They lured young graduates with false promises of a new life, gainful employment with handsome pay and sometimes through false ideology,” said the report.

RECRUITS RESCUED

In the transnational operation by government agencies, the documents says, some of the Kenyan recruits were rescued and are being rehabilitated.

A young woman in her 20s, going under the pseudo name Fatma to protect her identity, told authorities how she was inducted and taken to Libya, where she joined a group of other women from Kenya, Somalia and Eritrea.

They travelled by bus to Kampala and then to Sudan during the 12-day trip in which they were joined by young men.

According to her, each had a different reason to travel; some were escaping harsh economic conditions in their countries while others felt they were fulfilling religious obligations.

They were all under the command of a man named Moha. Once in Libya, she was sold off to an Isis fighter with whom she lived for six months until he was killed in a drone strike.

PREGNANT AND STRANDED

Pregnant and stranded in a foreign country, she was rescued by an elderly woman who took her to a humanitarian aid agency, which flew her back to her family in Nairobi.

“Kama ningalipata mtu wa kunionya kuwa kwenda Libya sio jihadi pengine singepitia niliyo yapitia. Lakini namshukuru Allah kwa kunipitisha haya ili niweze kuwatahadharisha wengine” (If someone had warned me of what lay in store for me in Libya, I would not have travelled there, but I thank God for affording me this experience so that I can warn others),” a government document detailing her ordeal quotes her saying.

Mohamed A is another victim who survived the Magafe network and is being rehabilitated. At 32, he was not employed, though he is a university graduate.

He paid $2,000 (About Sh200,000) to a middle man who promised to smuggle him to Europe.

He left behind his family in Nairobi’s Eastleigh neighbourhood and together with other illegal immigrants, left Nairobi in a transit container heading to Uganda.

“The meals were scarce. There were scabies outbreaks, women who were raped and given contraceptives were lumped together with men,” he told his minders after he was rescued.

In Libya, Mohammed was asked by the smugglers to pay an extra $7,000 (Sh700,000) through a hawala agent in Nairobi to a contact in Dubai.

“Unable to raise the amount from his family, Mohammed was tortured and abandoned by his smugglers in Sirte. He was later rescued by an aid agency working in Libya and reunited with his family four months ago,” says the report.

Kenyan Trainee Doctors Killed in Raid On Islamic State Base

Photo: RFI

The city of Sirte in Libya.

By Fred Mukinda

Two Kenyan trainee doctors on the police list of wanted terrorists have been killed in a sting operation in Libya.

Farah Dagane Hassan, 26 and Hiish Ahmed Ali, 25, who were interns at Kitale hospital before they fled Kenya, died in the Libyan city of Sirte after a raid against Islamic State remnants there.

Before the trainee doctors fled, investigations linked them to a terrorism network comprising young doctors that was planning biological weapon attacks in the country.

The plan was uncovered in April last year after one of the suspected masterminds, Mohammed Abdi Ali aka Abu Fidaa, also a doctor, was arrested.

He and his wife Nuseibah Mohammed, alias Ummu Fidaa, a medical student, are facing terrorism charges in court.

Police offered Sh4 million to anyone with information that could lead to the arrest of any of the young doctors on the list of most wanted terror suspects.

Investigations that followed unearthed that Isis in Syria had established an international terror network with agents in Kenya, Uganda, Libya, Sudan, Nigeria, Somalia, Niger, Algeria, Tanzania, Ethiopia, South Sudan and Egypt.

The network relied on a human trafficking ring called the “Magafe network” for the transportation of recruits.

HUMAN TRAFFICKING

Security agencies are now collaborating with their counterparts in other countries to better understand the terrorism organisation and other organised crime outfits involved in conventional crimes such as human trafficking, human organ harvesting, abduction and ransoms.

Investigations have so far established 10 routes used by the Magafe network to transport terror recruits from Kenya to Syria and Libya by sea, air or road.

One of the air routes flies them to the United Arab Emirates, then on to Syria.

Another one flies them to Lagos, then takes them on a road trip to neighbouring Niger, on to Algeria and then to Libya, ending with a sea journey through the Mediterranean Sea to Syria.

Another road takes them to Kampala, then to Juba in South Sudan after which they go north to Khartoum, on to Egypt and finally to Syria by sea.

The Ethiopian route takes them from Nairobi to Addis Ababa while the rest of the journey to Sudan and Egypt is by road. The recruits then cross the Mediterranean to reach Syria.

The trainee doctors studied medicine at Kampala International University in Uganda, where they were recruited.

POSTED TO KITALE

Hiish was brought up in Mansa village, Fafi constituency. He completed his medical studies in June, 2015, and registered with the Health ministry. He was then posted to the Kitale public hospital.

“According to his classmates, Hiish behaved normally and was very religious during his university years. He liked reading the Koran and did not like watching videos,” according to a government document.

Kenyan doctor trainees killed in Libya Hiish Ahmed Ali and Farah Dagane Hassan. PHOTOS | AGENCIES

Farah joined the university in September, 2010 and completed his studies in January, 2016, joining the hospital the following month in February.

The two travelled to Libya through the Kampala-Khartoum-route.

“On arrival, they joined the ranks of Isis and started recruiting individuals from Kenya. They lured young graduates with false promises of a new life, gainful employment with handsome pay and sometimes through false ideology,” said the report.

RECRUITS RESCUED

In the transnational operation by government agencies, the documents says, some of the Kenyan recruits were rescued and are being rehabilitated.

A young woman in her 20s, going under the pseudo name Fatma to protect her identity, told authorities how she was inducted and taken to Libya, where she joined a group of other women from Kenya, Somalia and Eritrea.

They travelled by bus to Kampala and then to Sudan during the 12-day trip in which they were joined by young men.

According to her, each had a different reason to travel; some were escaping harsh economic conditions in their countries while others felt they were fulfilling religious obligations.

They were all under the command of a man named Moha. Once in Libya, she was sold off to an Isis fighter with whom she lived for six months until he was killed in a drone strike.

PREGNANT AND STRANDED

Pregnant and stranded in a foreign country, she was rescued by an elderly woman who took her to a humanitarian aid agency, which flew her back to her family in Nairobi.

“Kama ningalipata mtu wa kunionya kuwa kwenda Libya sio jihadi pengine singepitia niliyo yapitia. Lakini namshukuru Allah kwa kunipitisha haya ili niweze kuwatahadharisha wengine” (If someone had warned me of what lay in store for me in Libya, I would not have travelled there, but I thank God for affording me this experience so that I can warn others),” a government document detailing her ordeal quotes her saying.

Mohamed A is another victim who survived the Magafe network and is being rehabilitated. At 32, he was not employed, though he is a university graduate.

He paid $2,000 (About Sh200,000) to a middle man who promised to smuggle him to Europe.

He left behind his family in Nairobi’s Eastleigh neighbourhood and together with other illegal immigrants, left Nairobi in a transit container heading to Uganda.

“The meals were scarce. There were scabies outbreaks, women who were raped and given contraceptives were lumped together with men,” he told his minders after he was rescued.

In Libya, Mohammed was asked by the smugglers to pay an extra $7,000 (Sh700,000) through a hawala agent in Nairobi to a contact in Dubai.

“Unable to raise the amount from his family, Mohammed was tortured and abandoned by his smugglers in Sirte. He was later rescued by an aid agency working in Libya and reunited with his family four months ago,” says the report.

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