Posts tagged as: kagezi

Ugandan Judge Wins World Prosecutor of the Year Award

Photo: Daily Monitor

High Court Judge Susan Okalany

By IVAN OKUDA

High Court Judge Susan Okalany was on Thursday bestowed Prosecutor of the Year award in Beijing, China by the International Association of Prosecutors (IAP) to recognise her distinguished role in the prosecution of the 2010 Kampala bombing suspects.

Justice Okalany, currently based at the High Court in Mbale, led a team of prosecutors, guided investigations and conducted prosecutions in the terrorism case arising from the July 2010 Kampala bombings that left 76 dead.

The bombing affected victims from Uganda, Ethiopia, Kenya, Ireland, Sri Lanka, India and the US.

Fifteen defendants were extracted from Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania while investigations stretched from the East African region to Somalia, United Kingdom and USA with 82 witnesses called.

The case is billed by the Office of the Director of Public Prosecutions due to its magnitude as the first major terrorism case successfully prosecuted in Africa with 82 witnesses from four countries including 28 from Kenya, four from Tanzania, six from USA and the rest from Uganda. 356 physical exhibits were used in the case that involved extradition of two suspects from Tanzania, making of several Mutual Legal Assistance requests to Kenya, Tanzania, USA, Somalia and UK.

On May 26, 2016 after 11 months of a marathon trial, then High Court judge and now Deputy Chief Justice Alphonse Owiny Dollo convicted eight defendants who were directly involved in scheming the evil attack on fans watching the World Cup final game at Kyadondo Rugby Grounds and Ethiopian Village in Kabalagala, near Kampala City centre.

The Director of Public Prosecutions (DPP) appointed the late Joan Kagezi and Mr Lino Anguzu to assist police with the investigations and the team identified the conspirators, zeroed down on the recruitment of an operational cell in Somalia, transfer and storage of suicide vests and improvised explosive devices from Somalia to Uganda through Kenya.

Fifteen individuals from the three East African countries were arrested and indicted with over 90 counts of terrorism, murder and other related offences.

Two of the suspects pleaded guilty and cooperated with the state to incriminate others. In 2016, Kagezi was gunned down en route her home in a car with her children but police is yet to present suspects it claimed to have netted for the assassination that shook the conscience of the nation, to court.
Justice Okalany was subsequently appointed to take over the case assisted by Mr John Baptist Asiimwe, Mr Lino Anguzu, Mr Thomas Jatiko and Mr Rachel Bikhole, at a time prosecutors were scared to the bone marrow to handle terrorism related cases.

The DPP Justice Mike Chibita in his nomination of Justice Okalany persuaded the IPA thus: “Susan exhibited tremendous courage, tenacity, professionalism and ingenuity in guiding the investigations, case preparation, international cooperation and case presentation. All these against the backdrop of constant threats to her life, her team and loss of a dear colleague.”

The IAP Prosecutor of the year award, Justice Chibita said, is not only a befitting tribute and honour to Justice Okalany and the memory of Kagezi but also to the many countries who contributed to the successful prosecution.

Justice Okalany had a stellar career at the DPP’s office, prosecuting another high profile case that led to the conviction of Jacqueline Uwera Nsenga for the murder of her husband and businessman a few years ago, when she ran over him with a car at his gate at the upscale suburb of Bugolobi.

The case was as intricate in its facts and issues as it exposed the underbelly of Uganda’s criminal justice system, pitting two politically connected families against each other.

The convict is an in law to police chief Gen. Kale Kayihura who as it emerged in court, attempted to insulate his wife’s cousin from trial and assigned then deputy director criminal investigations, Mr Geofrey Musana to appear as a defence witness while the family of the deceased enjoyed a long cordial relation with former DPP now Justice of the Supreme Court Richard Butera and reached out to President Museveni to intervene in the matter. Justice Okalany successfully secured a conviction.

Two Years Later – Kagezi Murder File ‘Still Empty’

Photo: Abubaker Lubowa/Daily Monitor

Police forensic team at the scene of Senior Principal State Attorney Joan Kagezi’s killing in Kampala in April 2015. Cases of gun misuse are on the increase in the country

There’s still no headway in the investigations into the murder state prosecutor Joan Kagezi, two years after she was gunned down in Najjera, a Kampala suburb.

Kagezi, who, until her death was assistant director of public prosecutions and head of International Criminal Division in ministry of Justice, was shot dead by yet-to-be identified assailants on the evening of March 30, 2015 as she drove home from the city.

Immediately after her assassination, police carried out random arrests based on suspicious characters and the composite image of one of the suspects. Two years later, however, there is no progress beyond witness statements, scene of crime and ballistic reports.

Most of the suspects were soon released or charged with other cases after it was revealed that they had no connection to the Kagezi murder.

Files for most of the arrested suspects were created, and sent to the Directorate of Public Prosecutions (DPP) for sanctioning. The DPP, however, returned the files and in some cases proposed different charges for the suspects.

Among those who police preferred charges related to the Kagezi murder are; the suspects acquitted of the July 11, 2010 twin bombings in Kampala in which close to 80 people died.

Jane Kajuga, the DPP spokesperson, says there has been no evidence to warrant prosecution.

“There is no single person who has been charged with the Kagezi murder. We have not been availed with any evidence that warrants a prosecution,” Kajuga says.

The file into Kagezi murder remains open but little effort, if any, is being put in the investigations with all leads having been explored but led to no tangible results.

Attempts to get a comment from police on the efforts being put to redeem the investigations were futile as the spokesperson, Asan Kasingye, could not be reached on phone.

At the time of her shooting, Kagezi had stopped at a fruit stall by the road side; where she normally stopped to purchase fruits, when the assailants riding on a motorcycle stopped next to the parked vehicle and shot her twice in the neck and shoulder, through the window on the driver’s side.

Kagezi’s three children, who were with her in the vehicle, escaped unhurt. The assailants rode off immediately.

Grace Akullo, the director of Criminal Investigations Directorate (CID), who by coincidence was driving some distance behind Kagezi on the day of the shooting, was the first police officer at the scene.

Akullo coordinated the evacuation of the deceased to Mulago hospital where she was pronounced dead on arrival.

Kagezi was in charge of the International Crimes Division handling international crimes such as terrorism, war crimes, and trafficking persons. At the time of her tragic demise, she was the lead prosecutor in the case of the 2010 terror suspects before the High court.

She was also working with the police in the prosecution of the suspects in the spate of murders, robberies and terrorism in Busoga region and Kampala.

Prior to her death, at least nine Muslim clerics had been killed in an almost similar manner, with gunmen arriving on the scene riding motorcycles and disappearing using the same after committing the crime.

In November 2016, at least one year and seven months after Kagezi’s shooting, a similar incident happened in Masanafu, a suburb west of Kampala. Major Muhammed Kiggundu, a former member of the Allied Democratic Front (ADF) rebels was gunned down together with his bodyguard, Sergeant Mukasa. Just like in the Kagezi incident, the shooters were riding on motorcycles.

On the morning of March 17, 2017, gunmen riding on motorcycles ambushed the vehicle in which Assistant Inspector General of Police Andrew Felix Kaweesi was travelling in and killed him. Also killed were Kaweesi’s driver Godfrey Mambewa and bodyguard Kenneth Erau.

Kaweesi was among those who vowed to find Kagezi’s killers and he repeated the same pledge when Kiggundu was killed. Now that Kaweesi also became a victim, the Uganda Police Force detectives find themselves with a bigger task to find not just the killers of Kagezi but those of others such as Kiggundu and Kaweesi.

URN

Museveni Pushes Police Boss On Murder Investigations

Photo: The Observer

Inspector General of Police Gen Kale Kayihura.

By Johnson Taremwa

In a meeting with President Museveni on April 6, Inspector General of Police Gen Kale Kayihura was directed to swiftly conclude the ongoing prominent murder investigations, The Observer has learnt.

At the same time, highly placed police sources told us that Kayihura’s chances of re-appointment to a fifth term could depend on how successful he will be in executing that presidential assignment.

Kayihura’s fourth term as inspector general of police ends on November 1, 2017 and this newspaper reported recently that he, alongside his deputy Okoth Ochola, are keen to secure reappointment.

An inspector general of police is normally appointed to a three- year term. The key pending murder investigations include that of Andrew Felix Kaweesi, the former police spokesman who was killed with his bodyguard and driver on March 17, and Joan Kagezi, the former senior principal state attorney, who was gunned down in March 2015.

Although a number of suspects have so far been arrested, the fact that no one has been charged in court suggests the police are still far from nabbing Kaweesi’s real killers.

Several suspects arrested in connection with the Kagezi murder have since been released for lack of evidence, leaving the high-profile investigation to go cold.

MEETING DETAILS

Sources have told us that during the State House meeting, the president told Kayihura to make sure that both Kaweesi and Kagezi’s killers are arrested to face the law.

Museveni is reported to have told Kayihura that the “police is failing government by not concluding high-profile cases.”

In the meeting attended by Gen Jeje Odongo, the minister of Internal Affairs, the president reportedly complained that the police force, which his government gives substantial financial facilitation, was underperforming.

According to our sources, the president expressed concern that the public might start to think that the government is behind some of the murders if the police fail to apprehend suspects.

Interviewed on Saturday, Gen Jeje Odongo, neither denied nor confirmed attending the State House meeting.

“My brother, even if I attended that meeting, I would not tell you what we discussed because I don’t discuss my roles in the media,” Odongo said, adding that security matters are supposed to be highly classified.

According to our sources, while the president didn’t expressly state that police’s performance in these murder cases would affect Kayihura’s reappointment, it is likely to be a factor. First appointed IGP in 2005, Kayihura is already the longest- serving police chief in Uganda’s history.

A former military advisor of the president, Kayihura is viewed as Museveni’s blue-eyed boy and loyal supporter.

However, he also has to contend with many enemies, especially within security circles, who are bent on seeing him ousted from the job. At the vigil of Kaweesi, President Museveni lamented that the police force is full of criminals and directed Kayihura to clean it up.

Clean Up Your House, Museveni Tells Police At Kaweesi Requiem Mass

By Charles Mpagi Mwanguhya

President Yoweri Museveni has turned the heat on the police force following the killing of one of its most senior officers and two juniors, asking it to “clean up your house” and warning that the institution is “also contributing to the killing of our people.”

While eulogising the fallen assistant inspector general of police Andrew Felix Kaweesi at the requiem mass on Monday, President Museveni said that the police force has been infiltrated by criminals.

He told inspector general of Police Kale Kayihura, “Kale, you must clean up the police especially the CID group.”

AIGP Kaweesi was gunned down March 17 a few meters from the gate of his house in Kulambiro, a suburb of Kampala. He died alongside his driver Godfrey Wambeyo and bodyguard Kenneth Erau.

President Museveni blamed the rising cases of crime in Uganda on corruption and the lack of confidence between the police and the public.

Kaweesi’s murder follows a string of assassinations in Uganda in recent times including that of the army major Mohammed Kiggundu and his bodyguard, who were executed in broad daylight, a deputy director of public prosecution Joan Kagezi and at least 10 muslim clerics.

President Museveni also accused the police of bungling investigations.

“In the case of Kagezi, the evidence was very clear,” he said.

President Museveni has ordered the installation of CCTV cameras in urban areas, a project he said would cost Ush400 billion ($110 million).

The requiem mass for the late Kaweesi is taking place at Rubaga cathedral in Kampala. He will be buried at his ancestral home in Lwengo On Tuesday March 21.

The driver, Kenneth Erau is to be buried in Amuria, eastern Uganda on Monday March 20.

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President Museveni’s Order After Top Cop Shot Dead

By Africareview.com and Agencies

Uganda’s President Yoweri Museveni has ordered the immediate installation of cameras in all major towns and along the highways.

President Museveni issued the order as he condemned the killing on Friday of the Assistant Inspector General of Police Andrew Felix Kaweesi by gunmen.

He described the killers as thugs riding on motorcycles.

Uganda’s second most prominent policeman was shot and killed in his car along with two other officers as he left his home in Kampala, police said

“We have been planning to do this project for some time but we have been postponing it on account of other priorities like the roads and electricity. Since, however, these thugs think they can use this remaining gap in our otherwise robust security frame-work, I have decided and directed the Minister of Finance to work with Police to immediately close this gap,” said President Museveni is a statement.

He advised that the security personnel and all citizens to be on the lookout for the “thugs who have made it a habit to use motorcycles to kill people”.

“Remember the incidents of Joan Kagezi, Major Kiggundu (Mohammad) and a number of Sheikhs; they were killed in the same manner. If you notice such characters and especially if they are trailing a person with armed guards, you should take prompt action and challenge them,” added President Museveni.

Ms Kagezi, a senior public prosecutor, was shot in the street in March 2015 and the assailant escaped with an accomplice on a motorcycle.

Army officer, Major Kiggundu — a former Allied Democratic Forces rebel — was in November last year shot in his car by gunmen travelling on two motorcycles.

Both crimes remain unsolved.

Uganda

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Maj. Kiggundu’s Shooting – Questions Asked About Business, Politics, Religious Rivalry

Photo: The Independent

Murder scene were renowned Muslim cleric Maj. Sheikh Mohammed Kiggundu, 52 , was killed.

analysisBy Haggai Matsiko

The murder of Maj. Sheikh Mohammed Kiggundu, 52, a renowned Muslim cleric, who had denounced rebel activity and joined the army, has re-awakened fear of targeted killings.

The husband of four and father of 12 was shot dead together with his escort, Sgt. Steven Mukasa, by assailants riding on motor bikes on Mengo-Masanafu road off the northern bypass at around 6:00 AM.

People familiar with his movements say he was driving to participate in a radio talk show. They add that his killers appear to have trailed him from his home.

Witness accounts indicate that they first shot the behind tires of the army green pickup truck, with army number plates, he was driving causing it to veer off the road before spraying it with bullets.

Kigundu’s escort was shot first as he attempted to fight back. A cornered Kiggundu then got out of his car, and raised his hands in surrender. He was sprayed with bullets.

If their objective was to send a signal, observers say, they left no doubt about their intentions.

Kiggundu’s murder brings to about 10, the number of muslin clerics that have been shot dead in similar fashion and over 20, the number of gun-related homicides.

Kiggundu’s slaying pushed off the headlines the high profile case in which businessman Mathew Kanyamunyu, his girlfriend Cynthia Munwanguri and his brother Joseph Kanyamunyu are accused of shooting dead one Kenneth Akena. While the circumstances surrounding the Kanyamunyu case are different from the Kiggundu case, both cases have mounted insurmountable pressure on the police with the public demanding answers.

The cases have also reawakened concerns over the increased proliferation of guns in Uganda for which they partly blame the homicides. In Kiggundu’s case, police have arrested another Muslic cleric; leader of the Tabliq Sheikh Yahaya Mwanje, to assist with investigations.

They have also linked the shooting of Kiggundu to rebel group, Allied Democratic Forces (ADF), which he temporarily belonged to before joining the UPDF.

Police spokesperson, Felix Kaweesi explained that Mwanje was arrested because of the utterances he made against some Muslim leaders, including Kiggundu before the latter was murdered in cold blood.

But critics are jumping on the statement by Kaweesi, to say that Mwanje’s arrest was a knee jerk reaction and not a result of proper investigations.

There are also concerns that the attention and investigations into Kiggundu’s murder appear to have been overshadowed by the conflict in Kasese between security forces and the royal guards of King Charles Mumbere of the Rwenzururu Kindgom in South Western Uganda.

These concerns build on the fact that the case of the sheikhs already charged with previous murders is yet to be resolved and police is also yet to nail the murderer of Joan Kagezi, the Assistant Director of Public Prosecution at the war crimes division of the High Court, who was killed in a similar fashion.

Kagezi was also the lead prosecutor in a case, in which Muslim leaders, a Ugandan doctor based in Australia; Aggrey Kiyingi, and several sheikhs are accused of masterminding the murder of other sheiks. This case has spawned a string of related targeted killings. But two years down the road, Police has yet to provide any evidence linking Kagezi’s killers to this specific case.

But as the Assistant Director of Public Prosecutions at the war crimes division of the High Court, Kagezi also prosecuted other high profile cases.

The other case she was prosecuting was that involving the 13 suspects of the 2010 twin bomb attacks in Kampala. Al shabaab claimed responsibility for the attack in which over 80 lives were lost, and Kagezi was due in court the next day when she was bumped off.

These were not the only high profile cases she had dealt with. Kagezi had been a lead prosecutor in several high profile murder cases and could have been any of these suspect’s target. This is why police’s answers were not readily accepted. To date, the Kagezi’s murder is yet to be cracked.

Matters are not helped by the fact that in the past, authorities have not been very successful in resolving several other high profile murders including that of another prosecutor, Robinna Kiyingi, who was also gunned down by assailants riding on a motorbike just in front of her gate. Her husband, Kiyingi who is now being linked to the string of sheik murders was accused of ordering her contract killing. He was acquitted.

But shortly before Kagezi was gunned down, police was for months grappling with a string of killings of prominent sheikhs.

On December 28, 2014, Sheik Bahiga Mustafa was shot dead in his car outside a mosque along Entebbe Road. He too was with his children. Sheik Mustafa was killed just three days after another prominent Muslim, Sheik Abdul Qadir Muwaya was killed by gunmen in Mayuge on Christmas day. He was the leader of the Shia Muslim Community in Uganda. Before that, on April 20, 2012, another to Muslim; Sheikh Abdu Karim Ssentamu had been shot at in Kampala.

Two months later, in June, another Muslim cleric, Abasi Abubaker Kiweewa, was shot dead at his supermarket in Kyanja, a Kampala suburb. Again two months later, two other prominent Muslims Yunusu Madungu and Muhammad Maganda, were gunned down on Eid el-Fitr in Bugiri district.

The latest case puts government and specifically police on the spot because by striking successfully again, the assailants are proving that they have capacity to snatch any target under police watch, critics say.

Indeed, incensed by the murder, Muslim clerics like Sheikh Muzata are already calling for radical solutions saying that measures instituted by police have not helped the situation. Police is calling for calm.

But observers warn that such calls might fall on deaf ears if the enemy keeps striking despite police’s efforts. At the heart of these murders are fights between different sects of Islam, whose members including Kiggundu have previously belonged to the ADF and other rebel groups.

Kigundu has history with the ADF. After studying at Muslim schools- Bilal Primary School found in Bwaise and later Bilal Islamic Secondary School, Kiggundu became a Sheikh. He previously led prayers and taught Madrasa sessions.

Kiggundu, at the time of his murder belonged to the Tabliq sect of Islam, which he is said to have joined in the late 1980s. The sect had its base at the William Street Mosque in Kampala. Sheikh Yunus Kamoga, who is among the sheikhs facing the charges was the group’s leader.

In 1991 Kiggundu, Kamoga and others were accused of perpetrating an attack on Old Kampala Mosque in which four policemen were killed and they fled the country.

Following the incident, Kiggundu fled to exile and joined a rebel group linked to ADF. Kiggundu later applied for amnesty, returned to Uganda and joined the Chieftance of Military Intelligence (CMI) and was until his death considered the security forces’ link to Muslim factions.

Maj Kiggundu is said to have worked closely with Sheikh Hassan Ibrahim Kirya, who was also shot dead last year in similar fashion.

Maj Kiggundu was under the Tabliq sect led by Dr Haruna Jjemba, which broke away from the mainstream Tabliq sect headed by Sheikh Kamoga.

****

UCC Asks Court to Dismiss Case By Events Company

By Juliet Kigongo

Kampala — The Uganda Communications Commission (UCC) has asked the High Court to dismiss with costs a case filed by an events firm over breach of contract.

One Stop Event Centre Ltd (OSEC) sued for compensation of Shs11b.

In its defence, UCC states that on January 12, 2012, it authorised the firm to use short code 190 for a period of one year and it was incumbent on it to ensure that all operators were aware of the use of the assigned code. UCC added that on May 29, 2012, the events company submitted a status report of the said code which confirmed that it was not in operation and that the connection set up with MTN, a telecommunications company, was still in progress. UCC maintains that through the period in issue, the code was assigned to OSEC and not any other party as alleged.

The commission said it is under no obligation to compensate the events company for failure to get its allocated short code activated on the network providers.

One Stop Events Centre through its lawyers of Kagezi Kasozi Nathan sued UCC, accusing it of allocating its short code 190 to MTN, thereby causing it to suffer loss, mental anguish and damages. The event company sued UCC jointly with MTN which it accuses of fraudulently using the code.

The events company asserts that MTN asked them to rent premises and employ staff before they could be connected to the end users on the said code. Court documents show that MTN later inspected the premises and installed the equipment but refused to connect the events company to the end users, arguing that the code was for their own exclusive use.

Court documents add that when the events company complained to UCC, the latter discovered that the code was being illegally used by MTN but did nothing to rectify the matter.

The events company asserts that due to the continued use of the short code by MTN, their business has suffered severe financial losses for which the two entities should be held accountable.

Allegations

Meanwhile, MTN in its defence contends that the events company has no propriety rights in relation to the short code 190, adding that its claim as licensee is misconceived.

MTN further states that the events company is not a licensed provider of communication having been established to carry out the business of importation of artistic work, manufacture of cards and decorations and to set up a factory to manufacture products to be used in events management.

The telecommunication giant denied ever requiring the events company to rent premises before it could be connected as alleged.

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One Year On, Still No Evidence Against Kagezi Murder Suspects

Prosecution of suspects arrested in connection with the killing of Joan Kagezi, the former senior principal state attorney has stalled due to lack of evidence.

Kagezi was gunned down by two assassins in Kiwatule in Kampala on March 30, 2015 on her way home. She was shot and killed the assassins riding on a motorcycle as she stopped by a roadside stall to pick up some fruits.

Police picked up eight suspects from Kyengera and Najeera in Kampala and Bugiri district in connection to the murder.

Six of the suspects who include two women were arrested from Kyengera where police says, important evidence was recovered during the arrests. The suspects were inked to the murder of Kagezi because they were renting in Kiwatule when the crime was committed before they relocated to Kyaliwajjala and later settled in Kyengera.

A year later, the case has failed to move forward due to lack of evidence. Jane Kajuga, the spokesperson of the Directorate of Public Prosecutions (DPP), says they returned the file to police after realizing there was no evidence warranting prosecution of the suspects.

“There has not been any suspect charged with the murder of Kagezi. The file that police sent for perusal has been sent back for the third time because there was no evidence in it that can warrant a prosecution,” Kajuga said.

The revelation by the DPP contradicts claims by Kale Kayihura, the Inspector General of Police two weeks ago who said that the suspects were ready for prosecution. Attempts to inquire from police why the suspects are still being held in custody despite lack of evidence was futile as the police spokesperson, Fred Enanga was out of office and couldn’t pick his phone.

Kagezi was in charge of the International Crime Division handling international crimes such as terrorism, war crimes, and trafficking in persons. By the time Kagezi was killed, she was the lead prosecutor in the trial of the 2010 Kampala bomb terror suspects.

She was, also working with Police in the prosecution of suspects accused of masterminding murders and robberies in Busoga region and Kampala.

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U.S. Report Pins Govt on Human Rights Violation

By Frederic Musisi

Kampala — The US Department of State has pinned government on various human rights violations, including arbitrary killings, torture and cruel treatment, poor conditions in detention centres and harassment of Opposition politicians.

The list of violations are contained in the yearly countries report on human rights practices released yesterday by the State Department’s Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labour.

“The three most serious human rights problems in the country included: lack of respect for the integrity of the person (unlawful killings, torture, and abuse of detainees), restrictions on civil liberties (freedoms of assembly, expression), and violence and discrimination against marginalised groups, such as women and children,” the report states.

Although the government occasionally took steps to punish officials who committed abuses whether in the security services or elsewhere, the report reads, “impunity was a problem.”

However, government yesterday described the findings as “flawed” and drawn by “researchers who don’t do a good job.” “Yes, there might be a few public officials with discretionary powers say in police or court who act with impunity but there are mechanisms of addressing that,” said the executive director of the Uganda Media Centre, Mr Ofwono Opondo. “Until those mechanisms break down, say the aggrieved seeking judicial redress, then they can say Uganda’ is a failed state or its record is very bad,” Mr Opondo added.

On the arbitrary killings, the report notes, there were several reports that government or its agents committed unlawful killings. For example, on September 8, media reported security forces in Apaa Parish in the north shot and killed five persons during a land dispute over the government’s border demarcation.

The Uganda Land Alliance, a local land rights non-governmental organisation, reported that 17 persons were hospitalised, some of whom had bullet wounds. The report also delves into the unresolved murder of the head of prosecution of the International Crimes Division of the High Court, Ms Joan Kagezi, which it described as “politically motivated”, and assassination of Muslim clerics around the country.

Reacting to the unresolved murder of the late Kagezi, Mr Opondo said police are still “pursing her killers” almost a year later, while about 20 suspects in the assassination of Muslims clerics are awaiting trial.

On torture, the report further indicates there were credible reports that security forces tortured and beat suspects. These were documented by the Uganda Human Rights Commission (UHRC) and other rights bodies. The torture cases included rape, severe beating, and kicking.

Uganda’s prison system, the report said, is grossly overcrowded thus yielding several forms of violations. The Prisons spokesperson, Mr Frank Baine admitted the system with a maximum inmate capacity of 19,000 incarcerated more than 45,000 persons.

Although the Constitution prohibits arbitrary arrests and detentions, the report said, security forces often arbitrarily arrested and detained Opposition leaders, politicians, activists, demonstrators, and journalists.

However, the report, unlike in the previous year, said the government generally respected academic freedoms.

“Authorities required research clearance from the Uganda National Council for Science and Technology but university officials did not report unnecessary delays or political interference.”

The report also exalted the government for safeguarding the rights of the about 500,000 refugees currently hosted in the country.

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