Posts tagged as: iii

Ethiopia: Fears Over Ethiopian Dam’s Costly Impact On Environment, People

Photo: Daily Nation

Fishermen on Lake Turkana. Human Rights Watch says the water body is on the brink of drying up due to Ethiopia’s Gibe Dams project.

analysisBy Sean Avery, University of Leicester

Ethiopia’s GIBE III hydropower dam is now operational. However, rights groups have raised concerns over the impact that it is having on downstream communities and the environment. The Conversation Africa’s Samantha Spooner asked expert Sean Avery about the dam and the huge controversy that has surrounded this project.

Why was the dam constructed?

Ethiopia’s highlands enjoy high rainfall that generates huge rivers, with much of this water flowing out into other countries. This includes almost 70% into the Nile Basin and 14% to Kenya’s Lake Turkana.

Because of this huge resource, the country’s hydropower potential, at 45,000 MW, is the second highest in Africa, second only to the Democratic Republic of Congo.

Hydropower is a renewable energy resource. Dams are constructed to raise the river’s water to a high level for release to drive turbines within the dam’s power station that generate electricity.

Ethiopia is the second most populous country in Africa and is developing its hydropower potential to meet its domestic electricity demand and also to export power to neighbouring countries. It is developing various sources, including the Omo-Gibe basin’s potential through the Gibe cascade of hydropower dams along the length of the Omo river.

Gibe III is the most recently commissioned project in the Gibe cascade and at 243m height is the tallest dam in Africa. Its power station’s installed generating capacity of 1,870 MW is not far short of the electricity generating capacity of the whole of Kenya in 2015 – 2,295 MW.

How long did it take and how much did it cost?

The dam construction started in 2006 and was officially inaugurated in December 2016.

The project cost is stated to be 1.47 billion Euros (USD$1.75 billion) with funding coming from the Government of Ethiopia and Exim bank of China.

What is it expected to produce in terms of energy output and which countries are set to benefit?

Gibe III’s powerlines will feed into the Ethiopian national grid and onwards to the southern African electricity grid through Kenya. Gibe III will contribute roughly half its power output of 1,870 MW to Ethiopia itself. The rest will be exported to neighbouring countries – namely, 500 MW to Kenya, 200 MW to Djibouti and 200 MW to Sudan.

The project has been labelled as the “world’s most controversial dam”, why is this?

At the start, the procurement of the dam contractor was determined to be non-transparent by the World Bank, and international donors shunned the dam. Construction also started without a license from Ethiopia’s Environmental Protection Agency.

There have since been ongoing complaints about environmental and social impacts downstream, including villagisation and displacement of indigenous people.

There is also controversy regarding Kenya’s Lake Turkana. This is because the Omo river, on which Gibe III dam is built, is its umbilical cord. 90% of the inflow to Lake Turkana depends on the river, which conveys fresh water and vital nutrients (such as nitrogen) that sustain the lake, and whose floods provide stimulus for fisheries breeding.

At least half a million people depend of the lake. Lake Turkana is also the world’s largest desert lake and has three national parks that together form a World Heritage site. Due to these concerns, the Friends of Lake Turkana Trust challenged the project in Kenyan Courts, but the case stalled.

The project also lacked adequate social and environmental assessments. A downstream environmental and social impact assessment was produced three years after construction started, but it didn’t study its impact over the border in Kenya, and wrongly stated that the dam would create a positive water balance for the lake with consequential irrigation abstraction impacts on the lake were not not taken into account.

There were independent efforts by international donors, namely the European Investment Bank and the African Development Bank, to assess the impacts of the project. But these were gazumped when Chinese donors agreed to fund the power station. The Chinese donors did no independent environmental or social reviews.

A final controversy is that the Omo’s cascade of power stations has replaced the river’s natural flow cycle with regulated, man-made cycles. These depend on the electricity demands from the Ethiopian national electricity grid and its international connections. A consequence of this is that the river’s annual floods are smoothed out and the low flows will be increased.

It has been claimed that this flood management is beneficial as floods can lead to loss of life. However, local people in Lower Omo depend on the annual flood, as they traditionally cultivate the riverbanks following inundation by the flood.

What will its impact on the environment be?

There are serious environmental concerns.

Firstly, Gibe III’s flow regulation and water abstractions will permanently alter the Omo’s natural hydrology. This will potentially destroy Lake Turkana’s ecology and fisheries.

Secondly, Gibe III’s river regulation has enabled irrigated plantation development. A potential of 450,000 hectares of agricultural development in the Omo-Gibe Basin has been mentioned. So far, 100,000 hectares from within the Omo and Mago National Parks and Tama Wildlife Reserve are being developed into sugar plantations. And downstream, 50,000 hectares has been allocated to a foreign cotton plantation developer. There will be other schemes requiring water too.

Through abstracting irrigation water, these plantations will deplete the Omo river influx to Lake Turkana. The lake is already semi-saline, said to be on the salinity brink for some species, and depletion of inflows will increase the salinity levels. Also, chemical releases from plantation developments may adversely affect the lake.

Thirdly, the dams will cause a massive drop in Lake Turkana’s water level. When the Gibe III reservoir was filled in 2016, it caused the lake to fall two metres. The Gibe IV dam, also called Koysha, will be next in the Gibe cascade to be built, and this in turn will deplete the lake by 0.9 metres during its filling, forecast for 2020.

In 1996, the Omo-Gibe River Basin Integrated Development Plan had forecast that the Basin’s water demand in 2024 would require 32% of river’s discharge, 94% being for irrigation purposes. This is becoming a reality, with recent studies demonstrating that as a consequence, the lake level could fall 10-20 metres. As the lake is on average about 30 metres deep, the potential environmental consequences are significant.

And what of the future for Lake Turkana?

Warnings of environmental impact have been sounded for decades. The Omo-Gibe River Basin Integrated Development Plan had in 1996 warned that a bilateral agreement was needed between Kenya and Ethiopia before tampering with the Omo river discharges.

Time will tell, but at least there is now a trans-boundary forum brokered by UNEP, albeit belated, and somewhat lethargic in its progress. It is hoped that this initiative will be sustained and will critically review the development options and impacts.

Disclosure statement

Sean Avery is affiliated with; University of Leicester, Water Resource Associates, GIBB Africa Ltd, Kenya Wetlands Biodiversity Research Team and National Museums of Kenya

REA Electricity Project to Benefit Three Regions

By Peti Siyame

Nkasi — THE government will soon embark on an ambitious project of which three regions will be connected to 400 KV electricity lines from Mbeya region, the scheme is scheduled to take off by November this year.

Under the project, four towns of Sumbawanga in Rukwa region, Mpanda in Katavi region, Kigoma and Nyakanazi in Kagera will be connected to 400 KV line.

The Deputy Minister for Energy and Minerals, Dr Medard Kalemani, revealed this after inaugurating a major project of rural electrification Phase III (REA) in Rukwa region, an event that was held at Kabwe village along the shoreline of Lake Tanganyika in Nkasi district.

According to Dr Kalemani, the project is expected to be accomplished in July 2019. Equally, the deputy minister directed the Tanesco Acting Managing Director, Dr Tito Mwinuka, to make sure the project takes off as planned.

“Rukwa region gets its supply of electricity from fuel and a little supply of power from neighbouring Zambia, which is not reliable … . But once the 400 KV project is accomplished, power interruption in the region will be history,” said the deputy minister.

Meanwhile, Dr Kalemani said 111 villages in Rukwa region will be connected with electricity through REA Phase III at a cost of 45.5bn/-. He further said that the exercise of connecting electricity through REA Phase III in the remaining 140 villages in the region will take off in March 2019 and that by 2020 all villages in the region will be connected.

During the occasion, Dr Kalemani took the opportunity to introduce to the public the contractor, NAKURO Investment Company Ltd based in Dar es Salaam, who have been contracted to undertake the project in Rukwa region which is scheduled for accomplishment in a period of 24 months.

However, the deputy minister directed the contractor to work around the clock to ensure that the project is accomplished in a period of 18 months, short of that he will be taken to task . Dr Mwinuka told REA’s Director General, Engineer Gissima Nyamo Hanga to closely supervise the contractor to ensure that the project is accomplished within the agreed period and not otherwise.

He also directed all Councils’ Executive Directors in the country to allocate sufficient funds in their budgets so that all public institutions, mostly schools , dispensaries and health centres will be connected with electricity under REA Phase III project.

Tanzania

New Sugar Factory May Create 2,000 Jobs

Over 2,000 people from the central zone regions may land a job at a sugar plant whose construction has been planned at… Read more »

Africa: New Platform for Power Generation in Africa

By A Special Correspondent

Three international development agencies have come together to mobilise more than $1 billion for power generation across Africa, including the 147MW Ruzizi III project that will supply electricity to Burundi, eastern Democratic Republic of Congo and Rwanda.

The Aga Khan Fund for Economic Development (AKFED), its industrial and infrastructure development arm Industrial Promotion Services (IPS) and CDC Group, the UK development finance arm, launched the joint power initiative with a promise to boost power generation, accelerate economic growth and benefit millions of people in sub-Saharan Africa.

The partnership will focus on new power projects in greater East Africa (including DRC, Mozambique and Madagascar) and West Africa. IPS’s existing projects in Kenya and Uganda will be housed under the joint platform.

The partners will invest $140m, and mobilise project funding of $1bn for new power projects, including the Ruzizi III project in the Great Lakes region.

Ruzizi project

“Power infrastructure is vital for Africa’s economic growth and job creation and CDC has identified early-stage development as the area with the greatest need for investment in this priority sector. The market needs long-term, committed investors like CDC and AKFED to bring the capital, time horizons and expertise necessary to boost power generation for the continent,” said Diana Noble, CDC’s chief executive.

The Ruzizi III project, for instance, is expected to double Burundi’s current capacity, increase Rwanda’s capacity by 26 per cent and provide much needed base-load power in eastern DRC, a region that is otherwise isolated from DRC’s interconnected grid. It will also reduce reliance on thermal (diesel) generation in these countries.

National grids

Besides developing regional and national power projects, both IPS and CDC intend to partner on mini and off-grid projects that will directly provide reliable and affordable electricity to rural populations away from regional and national grids.

IPS has been involved in the development of power projects in East and West Africa for 20 years, including sub-Saharan Africa’s pioneering independent power projects — the Azito power plant in Côte d’Ivoire, the Kipevu II (Tsavo Power) plant in Kenya, as well as the Bujagali Hydropower Project in Uganda.

“It has been an evolving journey, involving both public and private partners, which has seen a recent shift in focusing investments on renewable energy, taking advantage of advancement in solar and wind technologies, as well continuing to provide the reliable baseload power which many sub-Saharan African countries need. We see in CDC a like-minded partner that is strategically aligned to our values and mandate for contributing to development, and have partnered with them previously on pioneering power projects in the region. This platform, therefore, will build on this existing partnership, accelerating and scaling the development of new power projects, spreading our impact across the sub-Saharan region and, ultimately, improving the quality of life of communities,” said Lutaf Kassam, the executive director of AKFED.

Local relationships

In 2015, CDC took direct ownership and control of Globeleq Africa, an independent power producer that partnered with IPS in the Azito Power project.

“With this new partnership, we are tapping into the AKFED Group’s proven power sector expertise, including in hydropower, and excellent local relationships, with the aim of bringing reliable power to many millions of individuals, families and businesses across Africa,” Ms Noble added.

Govt Tasked On Health Service Delivery in Rural Areas

By Zadock Amanyisa

Mitooma — Government has been asked to improve health service delivery in rural areas where majority of those who cannot afford healthcare services live.

The call was made by Prof Charles Ibingira, the principal Makerere University Medical School, at a health camp organised by the Ruhinda North MP, Mr Thomas Tayebwa, at Bitereko Health Centre III in Mitooma District at the weekend.

Prof Ibingira noted that government has concentrated on establishing and equipping health facilities in urban centres leaving out those in rural areas where the common people are being ravaged by non-communicable diseases.

Overwhelmed by the biggest turn out of people seeking medical care at the health camp, Prof Ibingira said a comparison of two medical camps; one in town and another in the country side, shows how badly people in villages need more attention.

“The big turn up indicates that more people in rural areas need medical services. This should be addressed as a matter of urgency,” said Prof Ibingira.

Motivation

He further asked government to motivate upcountry health workers by raising their salaries.

Prof Ibingira noted that the biggest number of people they attended to had eye ailments, malaria, maternal health problems and hernia. They also registered cases of dental complications, prostate cancer and diabetes.

On the first day of the camp, more than 1,000 cataract patients were treated, with some receiving eye glasses. At least 80 residents were diagnosed with hernia and 25 were sent for treatment at Comboni Hospital in Bushenyi District.

Mr Tayebwa challenged government to upgrade Bitereko Health Centre III to a health centre IV to enable more than 100,000 people in the area access improved health services.

Uganda

Early Pregnancies Causing Congestion in Hospital – Authorities

Local leaders and health officials in Mpigi District have raised concern over the rising rate of early pregnancies in… Read more »

Kenya: What’s All the Fuss About JKIA Category One Status?

By Michael Otieno

During a networking session at the end of a recent travel workshop, it occurred to me just how many misconceptions people have about air travel.

Someone commented that the current US administration was more pro-Kenya than the previous Obama administration because of the upgrade of Jomo Kenyatta International Airport to Category One status.

And who can blame them when several publications in Kenya and the region carried the story under the banner “JKIA gets Category One status.”

The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) through the International Aviation Safety Assessment programme carries out an assessment of the country’s civil aviation authority, and not of individual foreign airports or airlines.

In this case, the Kenya Civil Aviation Authority (KCAA) was assessed, and the process will continue, to determine if it was providing adequate oversight to carriers and maintaining aviation standards as per the International Civil Aviation Organisation guidelines.

Individual airlines from Kenya can now operate commercial flights to the US, but they will still have to independently comply with and meet other US regulations over and above FAA.This assessment of Kenya has been going on for several years now, and has nothing to do with a change of guard in the US administration. Category 1 status is not permanent, and Kenya can be relegated if it does not maintain standards.Airports are also categorised according to the difficulty of landing.Airports and runways worldwide have different equipment installed to help flights land safely under varying conditions.

Pilots will either be making a non-precision or a precision approach during landing. In the precision approach, the pilot uses less automated equipment, while in the latter different systems and additional automation are used to guide landing.

Referred to as Instrument Landing Systems, these usually fall in three categories classified as Category I (CAT I), Category II (CAT II) and Category III (CAT III). An airport can fall into any one of these three categories depending on the sophistication of the equipment to aid landing in either good visibility and minimum systems or near zero visibility conditions with more systems.Most airports in Africa would fall under CAT I or CAT II meaning that at a specific altitude and range the pilots must have made certain visual references with the ground or runway to continue, otherwise the landing should be aborted.Busier airports like Heathrow and Gatwick and those with near zero visibility approach airports are classified as CAT III.

Airlines that fly to CAT III airports must have aircraft fitted with specific equipment onboard to aid automatic communication with ground based equipment that aids the landing process. In addition, pilots flying to those airports are usually required to have specific training and experience to land there. Aborted landingsFor many flyers, a go-around or rejected landing is cause for concern and panic, and many would cast doubt on the pilots’ skills and abilities without factoring in the extraneous factors at play.

While “aborted landing” is the common phrase passengers will use, pilots and air traffic controllers refer to these occurrences as “missed approach” or “go-around.”

It is common for travellers to assume that mechanical problems and weather conditions would be the most common cause of a pull-up during landing.However, storms, fog and crosswinds are not the only causes of rejected landings.

When weather factors are in play, flights wait in the air until visibility or conditions on the ground improve.

If there are severe weather conditions prevailing, a flight may be diverted to another airport.

Even in perfect weather, heavy airport traffic at peak take-off and landing times can create landing challenges.

In most cases, a go-around is initiated as a safety measure and there are detailed procedures that factor these into the training of pilots and air traffic controllers.

Whatever the circumstances, as a passenger there is little to do except to remain calm and adhere to safety instructions until the aircraft is safely on the ground and the seat belts signs are switched off.

Michael Otieno is an aviation consultant based in Nairobi. Twitter: @pmykee143,

Ugandans Struggle to Register As Refugees in Yumbe

By Robert Elema

Yumbe — Chaos ensued at Bidibidi Zone III Settlement in Kululu Sub-county, Yumbe District as hundreds of Ugandans struggled to be registered as South Sudan refugees.

Those who tried to be registered as refugees, according to reportedly wanted to access free relief items like food since most of them struggle to make ends meet.

The office of the Prime Minister (OPM) is currently registering refugees in Bidibidi Zone III.

However, chaos erupted after officials from OPM identified and blocked them from being registered.

An eyewitness who preferred anonymity said Ugandans who masqueraded as refugees were exposed after failing to answer basic questions related to physical features, languages, norms and cultures of South Sudan people.

The process of eliminating ineligible is likely to be complicated since Kakwa language is spoken in Koboko in Uganda and Yei, in South Sudan.

It is, therefore, easy for Ugandans at the border, many of who speak Arabic, to pretend to be refugees for the sake of benefits.

In the same vein, many Ugandans hold South Sudan passports and identity cards which they acquired to get jobs across the border.

Mr Robert Baryamwesiga, the settlement commandant said some of the natives who wanted to register as refugees acquired cards fraudulently.

“Accessing the cards is not a problem because the cards are many. Some refugees sell them to the Ugandans and go back to South Sudan. Buying these cards doesn’t qualify a person to be a refugee. Registering as a refugee doesn’t mean that you will become a rich person,” he said.

Mr Musiho Abubaker the Yumbe District police commander said on Monday: “The police had to fire live bullets in air to disperse the rowdy residents. We never registered cases of assault and no arrests were made in connection to the incidence.” the DPC said.

Uganda

Museveni Set to Vet Government Messages

President Museveni has ordered ministries to stop declaring state of emergencies without his prior approval of their… Read more »

Tanzania: Firms Cautioned On REA Project Deadline

By Beldina Nyakeke

Rorya — The government will take serious measures including denying work permits to companies that will fail to meet the deadline in implementation of phase three of Rural Energy Agency (REA III) project.

Minister for Energy and Minerals, Prof Sospeter Muhongo said here on Saturday that during the implementation of REA III project, all villages that were left out during REA I and II phases will be covered.

He said the government would not allow any firm to become a barrier in its goals and that companies awarded tenders to supply electricity in those villages should meet their contract deadlines.

He said the fifth government’s intention to make Tanzania an industrialised economy would not be possible without reliable electricity in the country.

Prof Muhongo said the government has decided to invest more than sh800bn in each region to ensure there is reliable power both in rural and urban areas.

He said in three years, all Tanzanians in rural areas will be connected to the national grid. Rorya residents commended the government’s move.

Tanzania

State Almost Done With Relocation to Dodoma

Almost all senior officials of various ministries have shifted to Dodoma ahead of the deadline by President John… Read more »

Firms Cautioned On REA Project Deadline

By Beldina Nyakeke

Rorya — The government will take serious measures including denying work permits to companies that will fail to meet the deadline in implementation of phase three of Rural Energy Agency (REA III) project.

Minister for Energy and Minerals, Prof Sospeter Muhongo said here on Saturday that during the implementation of REA III project, all villages that were left out during REA I and II phases will be covered.

He said the government would not allow any firm to become a barrier in its goals and that companies awarded tenders to supply electricity in those villages should meet their contract deadlines.

He said the fifth government’s intention to make Tanzania an industrialised economy would not be possible without reliable electricity in the country.

Prof Muhongo said the government has decided to invest more than sh800bn in each region to ensure there is reliable power both in rural and urban areas.

He said in three years, all Tanzanians in rural areas will be connected to the national grid. Rorya residents commended the government’s move.

Tanzania

State Almost Done With Relocation to Dodoma

Almost all senior officials of various ministries have shifted to Dodoma ahead of the deadline by President John… Read more »

Climate Change Could Make Us Stronger

Photo: Survival International

The building of Gibe III dam is set to destroy the livelihoods of hundreds of thousands of people.

column

Sometime before Ethiopia started construction of its Gibe III dam in the Omo Valley in 2008, I went to the outskirts of Nairobi for a conversation with some of Kenya’s bright national security elite.

The conservation explored the risks faced Africa in the years to come. There were some gasps in the room when photographs were put up showing that Lake Chad had shrunk by nearly 80 per cent at that point.

The “environmental degradation” (at that time the term “climate change” was still too cute) happening in the Lake Chad Basin, was likely to be the future of many African countries, and could cause a lot of problems, the conversation went. With all the foresight in the room, no one even hinted that climate change in the area, would provide some of the fuel that would drive the Boko Haram nightmare in that part of the continent.

Kenya was hardly mentioned. However, in recent days, alarm bells have grown louder over the fate of Lake Turkana. Because of Ethiopia’s development of dams and plantains in the Lower Omo Valley, Lake Turkana’s shoreline has receded by as much as 1.7km in Ferguson Gulf since November 2014. At that event nearly 10 years ago, this outcome would have been dismissed out of hand even if it had been offered as an unlikely scenario.

The current drought in parts of Kenya, and the political tremors it has touched off in places like Laikipia, where there have been several ranch invasions as militant pastoralists with electoral winds on their back seek water and pasture for their cattle, are all tracks of the bigger environmental crisis confronting the country.

While Lake Turkana’s slow starvation to death, and the potential it signals for conflict between states over shared resources, and the problems in Laikipia, are bad enough, they are not going to be the worst near-future climate change crisis Kenya and other countries will face.

That is going to happen first in the urban areas. As some alert chap who is already working on these issues noted recently: “imagine the recent water shortages in Nairobi, led to a situation where the slums ringing the city all ran out of water completely, and it was available only in the tanks of the homes in the gated communities, what do you think would happen?”

Recently when there was a ban on water use by car washes, it made sense – if it had happened in California. But in our cities, car washes serve an important social stabilisation function, because they keep the army of young people from a life of crime by offering them honest work.

The answers therefore, are uncomfortable, but running away from them won’t help.

As it happens, an urban water time bomb is already ticking in quite unexpected ways in some densely populated areas like Eastleigh. According to a Nairobi water engineer, many parts of Eastleigh couldn’t get water from Nairobi Water during their development, and some still don’t.

With weak enforcement, mixed in with the fear of picking a fight with a “tough neighbourhood”, many boreholes were dug without regulation.

To get water for its borehole, every other next development had to dig deeper for it, and now the early drillers have little or no water.

And, therefore, even when the water is running in Nairobi Water’s pipes, you have outlying parts of the city where some people don’t have water because the neighbour “stole” it by digging too deep for his or her borehole.

So you have pressure on the Water Order in the countryside, as in Laikipia; a two-in-one problem in the city, as evidenced by the evolving water tensions in places like Eastleigh; and a geopolitical one in Lake Turkana caused by Ethiopia’s exploitation of the Omo Valley water.

We should not despair just yet, though. Many dark clouds have a silver lining. This is one of them. The thing with water, and climate change in general, is that it is bipartisan. It won’t flow in the taps or pasture of a Jubilee supporter, and stay away from those of the local opposition CORD chairman. Climate change is also tribe-blind.

It’s possible then, that in the years to come, for the survivors climate change will birth an issue-based politics for Africa, and sideline tribal electoral math.

Magufuli Fumes, Fires Officials Over At High Construction Costs

Photo: State House/Daily News

President John Magufuli inspects construction works at Terminal III of the Julius Nyerere International Airport (JNIA) during his impromptu visit to the site in Dar es Salaam.

President John Magufuli yesterday suspended acting Secretary of the Planning Commission, Treasury, Frolence Mwanri over questionable payment approval for the second phase of Julius Nyerere International Airport’s (JNIA) Terminal III construction. Ms Mwanri was suspended after Dr Magufuli made an impromptu tour of the construction site and ordered the relevant state organs to investigate the project.

The president was vividly irked by the amount spent in the second phase construction, saying the amount does not match the value of the building. He queried, “Why did you, government experts, accept such huge costs, is this building real worthy 560bn/-?”

He directed the Minister for Works, Transport and Communications Prof Makame Mbarawa to form a team of local engineers who are well versed with the government focus, saying he wanted a big percentage of money paid out to the project to remain in the country.

“I will be the main consultant of this project…I have directed the minister to provide me with daily reports on the projects but I also want him to form the team of patriotic engineers who know what we want to do, so that more money remain in the country,” he explained.

President Magufuli assured members of the public that the works at the ongoing construction at Terminal III of JNIA will resume today. “I decided to visit the site without telling anyone.

If I had informed them they would have lied to me that work is going on. I know that there are Tanzanians working here and that is very good because I promised to generate employment opportunities,” he told the cheering workers.

More on This

Magufuli Fumes Over Huge Tanzanian Airport Construction Bill


Julius Nyerere International Airport Extension Project Deadline MissedWork On Terminal III At Julius Nyerere International Airport 65 Per Cent Ready

Dr Magufuli stressed that he had issued directive to the contractor and consultant to resume work this morning, adding that he has also directed the minister of works to provide him with daily updates of the project. He explained that the project Contractors and Consultants had claims that the government will settle soon.”There were also some fake claims but those I will deal with myself. But you must report back to work tomorrow morning (today) and they have promised me that work will resume as usual,” he stressed.The on-going construction of Terminal III at the JNIA, which is expected to facilitate 3.5 million annual passengers, includes construction of parking lots, access roads, platforms and a taxiway. The new terminal is designed for the anticipated growth of international air traffic, leaving the existing international Terminal two to cater for domestic flights. Meanwhile, President Magufuli yesterday received credentials from six envoys who will be representing their countries in Dar es Salaam.The envoys and their countries in brackets are Mr Mohamed Ben Mansour Al Malek (United Arab Emirates), Mr Abdelilah Benryane (Morocco), Mr Benson Keith Chali (Zambia), Mr Lucas Domingo Hernandez Polledo (Cuba), Mousa Farhang (Iran) and Mr Gervais Abayeho (Burundi).He told Ambassador Al Malek that Saudi Arabia had been cooperating with Tanzania in various projects of infrastructure and asked him to convey his message to King of Saudi Arabia.Dr Magufuli also expressed his happiness following Cuba’s decision to build pharmaceutical industries in the country, with a view of reducing drug imports. Moroccan Ambassador Benryane told the President that his country had embarked on a process to implement the promise by Moroccan King Mohammed VI to construct a modern stadium in Dodoma.

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