Posts tagged as: early

Liberia:Cancer Society, SDA Hospital Offer Free Breast Screening

By David A. Yates

The Liberia Cancer Society (LCS) in partnership with the Seventh Day Adventist’s (SDA) Cooper Hospital will on Sunday, October 22, offer free breast screening and consultation to women and men between the ages of 15 and 90.

Dr. Dawn Cooper Barnes, who is the president of the LCS, said the screening will be done in consultation with the Ministry of Health and will bring together over 50 participants. She hoped that the LCS will carry the screening to as many communities in the country as possible.

Dr. Barnes urged women to get screened for cancer as breast cancer among young women in Liberia remains high. It is estimated that there are over 2,000 new cases of cancer, and approximately 1,600 related deaths each year in Liberia, “and the rate is anticipated to nearly double by 2030,” she added.

Women are particularly affected because of the high rate of cervical cancer which accounts for almost a third of all female cancer deaths, followed by breast cancer, which claims one in five females. Addressing a news conference in Monrovia, Dr. Barnes emphasized the need for more support to fight breast cancer.

“The Liberia Cancer Society and our partners are committed to supporting all efforts to provide early detection, reliable diagnostic screening as well as better quality medical care for cancer patients,” Dr. Barnes said. “We are working with the Ministry of Health to raise money and to bring in donors and supporters that will help us obtain a mammogram machine that is designed to do breast cancer screening.”

She said without any symptom, a woman at a certain age needs to go for baseline screening, and thereafter based on the recommendation from a doctor, she should regularly go for mammogram screenings.

According to her, the screening program will also raise breast cancer awareness and counseling regarding any breast problems that are found, teach women to get a yearly breast exam and to train more healthcare professionals to screen for breast cancer.

“The training will be provided at each screening day for licensed midwives, nurses, nurse’s aides and even physicians who want to gain more skills.

“Men can also get breast cancer, as they have a very small amount of the same tissue in their chests,” said Dr. Barnes.

“We are also asking for volunteers who can help as the program reaches different communities. We need doctors who can help with the screening and training, as well as others who can help set up and educate those coming for screening,” she pleaded.

“Cancer does not have to be a death sentence! Victims of all forms of cancer must not be stigmatized; anyone can be a victim of cancer. Early detection, diagnosis, and treatment are the keys to overcoming cancer,” she stated.

Dr. Gillian Seton, who is also a cancer expert at the SDA Hospital, emphasized the importance of yearly breast exams, as small knots can be found by a healthcare worker before patients feel the knot themselves.

According to her, cancer is a serious disease that can be treated, adding that the earlier it is diagnosed and treated, better the chance of a cure. Breast cancer starts when cells start to grow out of control and form a tumor or knot, she said, adding that the signs of breast cancer include a hard knot anywhere in the breast, swelling, thickening, or dimpling of the skin (looks like an orange peel), nipple drainage, and nipple retraction.

“Cancer typically does not cause pain, but the pain sometimes occurs around cancer, so it’s important to get examined. We want to help the community by raising awareness of breast cancer, the need for yearly exams, and let everyone know about the treatment options that we have in the country. This is something we can treat, but it’s very important to get treatment as early as possible,” she said.

Nigeria:80 Percent of Blindness Is Preventable – Entomologist

By Oluwaseyi Adeshina

As the world weekend marked 2017 World Sight Day, Entomologist has disclosed that 80 percent of blindness could be prevented.

A Consultant Entomologist at the MeCure Eye Centre, Mecure Health Care Limited, Oshodi, Lagos. Dr Kunle Alabi who made the disclosure during Me Cure’s free eye screening to celebrate this year’s World Sight Day noted that ignorance has led most people to total blindness while some are being ostracized for an ailment that could be treated.

‘We discover a lot of people are not aware that there is a proper and standard treatment for cataract. We see people being blind from cataract for several years and they are just kept in one room somewhere, ostracized from the community.

‘Sometimes when they now come to us we will wonder and they will be telling us they have been afflicted with it for five years and when they have the appropriate treatment they will start seeing then they will be excited.

That means they wasted four-five years of their life because that period that they were blind from cataract they were ostracized out of the society and some of them when they are treated it will be difficult for them to get reintegrated back into the society because they have be deprived of that opportunity and they’ve lost those period’ said Alabi.

Speaking, Group Head, Commercial and Strategy, Me Cure, Dr Adekunle Megbuwawon said to mark the World Sight Day, with the theme: “Make Vision Count”, Me Cure organised free eye screening for cataract, glaucoma, refractive error, diabetic retinopathy, allergy among others and over 100 individuals have been screened and a significant number of eye diseases have also been identified.

Megbuwawon who advised Nigerians to go for regular eye check, explained that the free eye screening was aimed at promoting good eye health as well as help in the reduction of the burden of avoidable blindness through the early detection of those common eye conditions that cause blindness.

He revealed that under the Me Cure preventive health care over 5000 people have registered for the raffle draw and 500 individual have won. They have been screened for nine lifestyle diseases at the comfort of their home.

Nigeria

Lagos Records 100% Increase in Domestic, Sexual Violence

The Lagos State Domestic and Sexual Violence Response Team (DSVRT) yesterday revealed that 950 domestic and sexual… Read more »

Police in New Drive to End Teenage Pregnancy

Photo: The Citizen

(file photo).

Child marriage is a serious violation of human rights and the Rwanda society should be aware of the peril caused by underage pregnancies, especially to the future of juveniles.

Police say concerted actions will further ensure that abuses of minors are combated and perpetuators brought to justice, to prevent “possible threat to national development.”

Police in different parts of the country delivered the message as part of a nationwide campaign to tackle teenage pregnancy.

It is in line with a two-month national campaign launched by First Lady Jeannette Kagame, last week, on ‘Governance and Family Promotion,’ when she called upon all stakeholders to join efforts to curb child abuse such as child pregnancies and teenage marriages.

According to the 2014/15 Rwanda Demographic Health Survey, 7 per cent of women become pregnant between the ages of 15 and 19.

Early (women age 15-19) childbearing occurs more frequently among young women with a primary education (9 per cent) than among those with a secondary education or higher (4 per cent).

Under Article 194 of the Penal Code, any person who lives with a child as husband or wife is liable to the same penalty meted out on convicts of defilement, which is a life sentence.

Adults warned

Alexandre Minani, an inspector of police, while speaking to students of Gitebe, Muringa and Rubare secondary schools, reminded them of their rights, and warned that “adults responsible for having carnal knowledge with minors will be prosecuted accordingly.”

“Teen pregnancy is a serious issue and a violation of your rights; marriage is only allowed at the age of 21 and above. Early marriages and pregnancy are health risks both to the underaged mother and the baby… it’s an economic and social issue that you should stand up against and report it,” Minani told the students.

The World Health Organisation reports indicate that maternal deaths are higher in teenage mothers compared to older women.

“Many children of teenage mothers are unable to get education and they are likely to fall into poverty, creating a vicious cycle of early pregnancies, illiteracy and poverty, which can be hard to break,” he said.

Similar awareness programmes in schools were also held in Ecole Technique de Formation Professionnelle (ETEFOP) and Musanze Integrated Polytechnic College (MIPC).

During the interface, students also established anti-crime clubs. Teachers were urged to support and facilitate the clubs to achieve their intended agenda.

Rwanda

Rwigaras Bail Hearing Finally Begins

The Nyarugenge Intermediate Court on Monday begun pre-trial hearings for three members of the Rwigara family. Read more »

More Than 413 Girls Forced Into Marriage in 2016

By Bella Lucia Nininahazwe

Burundian girls still suffer the consequences of forced marriage especially when they are pregnant before adult age, say civil activists on the occasion of the International Day of the Girl Child.

Following a study made by a local women’s NGO fighting against malaria and HIV/AIDS-SFBLSP from July to September 2017 in the Bujumbura northern neighbourhoods, girls are still forced into marriage by their parents and families.

Esperance Ntirampeba, SFBLSP chairwoman, says girls still suffer from non-access to education, child marriage and other discriminatory challenges. ” We conducted a small survey in July and the results revealed that around 27.5% of girls under 18 are forced into marriage while 6.8 % of girls under 15 suffer the consequences of early marriage”

David Ninganza, spokesman for Youth Solidarity for Peace and Childhood-SOJPAE, says early marriage in Burundi society is a threat to face. “More than 413 cases of forced marriage were recorded last year,” he says.

Those activists say those cases of early marriage are mostly influenced by teenagers’ unwanted pregnancies.

They appeal to the government to take serious measures to avoid such marriage as it harms the whole society.

Ntirampeba says the government should take appropriate laws to protect those girl children. “Parents who oblige their teenagers to get married should be seriously punished as well as adult people who are involved in the whole process”, she says.

Ntirampeba reminds parents that single mothers especially when they are adolescents have the right to better treatment and education like others. “It is not because an adolescent is pregnant that she has to be abandoned. Parents should still treat her well and take care of her”, she says.

The same view is shared by Ninganza. The Government should review some laws namely the law that stipulates that only pregnant mothers with marriage certificate should have access to free public healthcare. “Preventing them from having the same healthcare is unfair’, he says.

Burundi

If UN Is to Be Credible, It Must Act Before it’s Too Late

The Burundian government carries the primary responsibility for protecting its citizens from crimes against humanity,… Read more »

Namibia: Era of Conservation Agriculture Dawns On Northern Communal Areas

Windhoek — On the eve of the annual planting season, more than half of Namibia’s 2.3 million residents living in the Northern Communal Areas (NCAs), are preparing for a revolution in crop farming empowering small communal farmers in an unprecedented way.

The German International Development Cooperation (GIZ), the Namibian University of Science and Technology (NUST) and government’s Comprehensive Conservation Agriculture Programme (CCAP) are focusing on conservation agriculture (CA).

The CCAP was developed by the Ministry of Agriculture, Water and Forestry (MAWF) to adapt agriculture to the consequences of climate change. By CA crop farmers use a ripper or direct seeding methods instead of ploughing to minimise soil disturbances.

This method has been successfully promoted in neighbouring countries and has been piloted in Namibia for about ten years with Baufi’s Agricultural Supplies manufacturing anything from rippers to hand-drawn ploughs.

On-farm research on CA will be implemented over the next three cropping seasons until 2019. The programme will enable communal farmers to apply successful climate adapted agricultural practices.

Last week the GIZ invited suppliers to deliver agricultural soil fertilisers. CA is based on three principles: soil is not tilled, crop rotation is practised using a variety of crops, and the soil is always covered with vegetation or plant residues. This makes it possible to increase soil fertility and reduce water loss.

The programme focuses on four fields of activity: training farmers in climate-adapted cultivation practices; improving the delivery of agricultural services, documenting lessons learned, and developing the capacity of the MAWF to implement climate change adaptation measures.

A number of multi-year pilot projects on conservation agriculture have already been carried out and the project will be able to build on the experience gained. In some cases, these practices led to considerable increases in crop yields.

CA has been piloted since the early 2000s, but only received momentum in 2009 with the CONTILL project. Since then there have and continues to be many interventions all over northern Namibia but with little overall coordination and no overall review. The GIZ thus commissioned Dr Justine Braby to review conservation agriculture in Namibia.

Namibia

Repeal of Colonial Marriage Law Under Spotlight

Justice Minister Albert Kawana has said the report by the Law Reform and Development Commission (LRDC) on marriages… Read more »

Nakuru Allstars Hold Wasteful Vihiga at Afraha

By Francis Mureithi

Runaway leaders Vihiga United dropped two vital points that might jeopardise their chances of gaining promotion to the SportPesa Premier League after settling for a barren draw with hots Nakuru AllStars in a midweek National Super League clash at Afraha Stadium, Nakuru on Wednesday.

The Edward Manoah-coached side should blame themselves after controlling the proceedings right from the first whistle.

Moments after referee Brasan Mamati blew for kick off, Vihiga -sponsored by the County Government of Vihiga – took the game to their opponent’s area but could not translate the early chances into goals.

Godfrey Airo, who was a constant threat, should have opened the scoring at the quarter hour mark but his blockbuster was cleverly blocked by Nakuru AllStars custodian Kelvin Opiyo.

Veteran midfielder Charles Okwemba then missed a sitter in the 28th minute with an empty goalmouth.

MASINZA MISSES CHANCE

Still dictating the pace, Chris Masinza missed yet another opportunity to give the visitors the lead five minutes into the break.

On resumption, AllStars coach Ezekiel Akwana introduced Robert Arot and Peter Mwangi for George Onyango and Sydney Lokale respectively.

The duo injected some energy on the AllStars, and the hosts launched a series of attacks but were equally wasteful.

With 15 minutes to time and the match begging for a hero, Baraka Jerome’s glancing header sailed over the crossbar, leaving the home fans stunned.

On the other end, Vihiga’s Ugandan forward Rashid Kyambadde dribbled deep into the AllStars box but his well taken shot missed the target.

“We had the lion’s share of the missed chances but our main undoing was poor finishing. The injury of Sydney Lokale also disorganised our set up,” Akwana said.

Manoah blamed his players for the draw.

“My boys are suffering from an over confidence crisis since we lost to AFC Leopards in the GOtv semi-finals,” said coach Manoah.

Vihiga United, who have now amassed 59 points, will play Police on Saturday at Karuturi sports grounds in Naivasha.

Kenya

Duale to Seek MPs Approval of Sh11.5 Billion for Poll

Majority Leader in the National Assembly Aden Duale says he will be requesting MPs to approve the release of Sh11.5… Read more »

U.S.$10 Million Equipment for Early Oil Plan on Its Way

By Njiraini Muchira

Tullow Oil has contracted Dubai-based Almansoori Petroleum Company to supply an Early Product Facility (EPF) at a cost of $10 million, to help it extract crude in South Lokichar in Kenya’s north, even as uncertainty surrounds the Early Oil Pilot Scheme.

The deal with the Dubai company was signed early this year as part of the wider processes in the run up to early production, which has run into trouble after the government shelved it citing logistical challenges.

But Tullow had already secured the government’s approval to bring the Early Product Facility and have it installed. The Ministry of Energy gave the green light for its procurement.

Tullow Oil says that it has invested $1.5 billion in Kenya since it started exploration activities in 2010, including $213.5 million this year. Of this, $100 million is being spent on preparing the oilfields to start production and exporting of crude oil.

The EPF, which is a temporary equipment and being ordered on a rental basis, will enable Tullow Oil connect all the 40 wells it has dug and thus achieve the targets of extracting 2,000 barrels of crude every day when the EOPS begins.

The oil firm says the equipment is on its way and is expected to be installed in November, after Tullow secures all the necessary approvals from government agencies like the Energy Regulatory Commission, the National Environment Management Authority and the Kenya National Highways Authority.

“We have decided to rent a temporary facility for pumping the crude for transportation to Mombasa before a permanent production facility can be installed to facilitate full-scale production when the pipeline is ready,” said Tullow Oil communications manager Timothy Tororey.

Impediments

He said that Tullow expects the EOPS to kick off at some point despite, a campaign by some oil marketing executives and civil society groups, who say the scheme is a loss-making venture, especially considering the current crude oil prices averaging $55 per barrel on the international market.

The scheme was shelved ostensibly on the basis that Kenya needs to enact the controversial Petroleum (Exploration, Development and Production) Bill into law.

The Bill primarily seeks to address the sensitive issue of revenue-sharing between the national government, the county government, Tullow Oil and its joint venture partners and the local community.

Apart from regulatory obstacles, the scheme has also been hit by impediments like security concerns due to banditry attacks in Turkana and safety risks because of poor infrastructure.

The fact that Tullow Oil is proceeding with plans for the EOPS is giving new hope to the three companies contracted to transport the crude via road from the oilfields in Lokichar to storage facilities in Mombasa.

Primefuels Ltd, a subsidiary of Dubai-based Primefuels Group, won the tender to supply 100 tanktainers, each with a capacity to carry 150 barrels of crude while Multiple Hauliers and Oilfield Movers won the contract to supply trucks on which the tanktainers would be mounted.

The two companies were to provide 23 trucks each. By the time the scheme was deferred, the three companies had mobilised 30 tanktainers, 20 of which were in good condition and ready to start the crude transportation while the remaining 10 needed to be refurbished.

They have been complaining that they have incurred heavy losses due to the failure of the EOPS to take off on schedule and have demanded compensation.

When contacted by The EastAfrican, Energy Principal Secretary Andrew Kamau said the three companies signed contracts with Tullow Oil, thus the government is not party to any compensation demands.

“It is Tullow Oil which has the bidding contracts with the companies and the government is not involved in transportation,” he said.

On its part, Tullow Oil said it is not paying any compensation because the three companies are on standby awaiting the revival of the scheme.

“We are not paying any compensation as far as am concerned,” said Mr Tororey.

Before the shelving of the scheme, Tullow Oil had pumped out some 60,000 barrels which remain in storage tanks in Lokichar.

Maize Subsidy Extended as Rains Delay Harvesting

By Gerald Andae

The State’s subsidised maize flour programme will continue until there are sufficient stocks of the commodity, the Agriculture ministry has said.

Agriculture secretary Willy Bett said the programme will be extended beyond September as earlier planned because of ongoing heavy rains that have hampered maize harvest in the main breadbasket areas of the North Rift.

Under the subsidy, a two-kilogramme packet retails at Sh90 while the one-kilogramme one sells for Sh47.

“North Rift has experienced a lot of rains in the recent past and this has delayed the prospects of early harvest,” he said.

The new maize stocks from the North Rift region is now expected to enter the market at the end of October.

Sufficient maize

“It is the government’s desire that the subsidy remains until that time when there will be sufficient maize in the market to sustain lower prices,” Mr Bett said in an interview Wednesday.

The country requires an average 36-40 million bags of maize annually to satisfy demand, estimates by the Agriculture ministry showed.

Treasury secretary Henry Rotich last week said ministries, State agencies, the Judiciary and Parliament faced cuts in spending to help raise cash to finance the October 17 repeat presidential election and extend the food subsidy programme.

Independent commissions and the 47 counties would also be affected by the action that will help cover for the unforeseen expenditure that was not factored in the Sh2.29 trillion 2017/18 budget approved by Parliament, the minister further said.

Mr Rotich disclosed that the Treasury had received a request for additional Sh3 billion from the Agriculture ministry towards the extended Sh6.5 billion maize subsidy programme.

Mr Bett however said the government will not extend a duty waiver on maize imports as the current orders are enough to last until the next harvest.

Traders are expected to ship in an estimated eight million bags of maize by the close of the special import window.

Kenya

Duale to Seek MPs Approval of Sh11.5 Billion for Poll

Majority Leader in the National Assembly Aden Duale says he will be requesting MPs to approve the release of Sh11.5… Read more »

Police Deploy Heavily Ahead of Planned Demonstrations Over Age Limit

Security has been tightened in Uganda’s capital Kampala ahead of planned demonstrations against lifting of the presidential age limit.

This comes just hours after the Inspector General of Police, Gen Kale Kayihura warned Ugandans against holding processions in favour or against the proposed removal of the presidential age limit.

In a statement issued on Wednesday evening, Gen Kayihura says police has received notifications by different groups of people intending to hold processions in the city, municipalities, and other parts of the country relating to the anticipated debate in parliament on the proposed scrapping of the president age limit from the constitution.

He says they have also received information indicating that some people are planning to use the demonstrations to cause violence and mayhem in the city including targeting parliament.

“Police recognizes and has always facilitated the exercise, of the right to demonstrate peacefully and unarmed as provided in the constitution. However at the same time police has the obligation under the constitution to keep law and order, prevent crime, as well as protecting life and property” IGP Kayihura’s statement reads.

He advises the masterminds of the processions to use other means such as television networks, radio station, print media and indoor meetings to express their positions on the matter. Gen Kayihura also warned the planners of the processions to be careful not to be used as a cover for violent criminal attacks and other criminal activities.

Recently, the National Resistance Movement (NRM) caucus endorsed a proposal to repeal article 102 (b) of the constitution, which restricts the presidential age limit to between 35 and 75 years of age. The move is allegedly aimed at paving way for President Museveni who will be above 75 years by the 2021 polls to offer himself for election.

The proposal drew angry reactions from a cross section of legislators including those from the ruling NRM and political activities. They vowed to stage massive protests across the country until the proposal is dropped. Early this week, police picked up 14 youth activists for staging protests in the city center against the proposal.

Police have since summoned four MPs including Allan Ssewanyana, Barnabas Tinkasamire, Muhammad Nsereko and Theodore Ssekikuboto record statements for allegedly inciting violence in relation to the proposed amendment.

Budaka Grapples With Teenage Pregnancy

By Mudangha Kolyangha

Budaka — Primary Seven candidates have about two months to sit Primary Living Examinations, but some pupils in Budaka District have dropped out of school after discovering that they are pregnant.

According to the Budaka District health report, which was launched at Budaka Health Centre 1V, last Friday, 24.7 per cent of teenage girls get pregnant before the age of 19.

The officer-in-charge of Budaka Health Centre 1V, Dr John Wogabaga, said the increasing rate at which young girls are delivering babies in the district is worrying.

“It is a challenge before us and it calls for attention from various stakeholders to fight it,” Dr Wogabaga said.

He said on a monthly basis, the health centre records show that more than 30 teenagers deliver at the facility.

“Young girls come to deliver almost on a daily basis at this facility. They deliver in pain and severe complications await them,” he added.

Giving birth at an early age, Dr Wogabaga said, makes teen mothers more susceptible to health complications such as over bleeding while giving birth, high chances of infant and maternal mortality.

Mr Robert Kabigi, a resident of Budaka Town council, said teenage pregnancy tremendously affects the family in terms of finances.

“The relatives and parents are tortured financially and psychologically. This is because men who impregnate the girls most of the time do not meet their responsibilities or run away in fear to be arrested,” Mr Kabigi said.

He said due to the vicious cycle of early pregnancies, there is increased school drop-out in the district.

“When a teen gets pregnant, it automatically means the end of her education career,” he said.

Ms Jacinta Habuya, the nursing assistant at Budaka Health Centre, said the number of early pregnancies in the district is higher than what is recorded in the health facilities.

“Teenage pregnancies are rampant in rural communities only that most of them prefer to abort with the help of traditional birth attendants and health workers in private clinics so we do not get the accurate figures,” Ms Habuya said.

She added that worst of all, when most parents learn that their daughter is pregnant, they plan how to help her abort or arrange marriage.

Mr Sowali Kamulya, the Bukedi regional police spokesperson, said at least two to three cases of defilement are reported daily in the district.

“But the cases are not handled because the complainants disappear when the parties secretly opt for negotiations,” he said, adding that the victims are forcefully married off.

The chairperson of Parliamentary Committee on health, Dr Micheal Bukenya, said Budaka and Kibuku districts in Bugwere sub-region have the highest number of teenage mothers.

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