Posts tagged as: california

Tracing the Musicians Whose Star Fizzled Out

opinionBy Sharon Kantengwa

They were once some of the biggest names on the local music industry. Many of them rose to fame through music groups, others had impressive solo careers, but somehow, their names are now long forgotten while others have disappeared without any trace. Sharon Kantengwa traced some of the artistes who once ruled the local music industry and what they are currently up to.

Auddy Kelly

The Afro-pop singer started his career at the age of 18 after recording a song with Pastor P Igitanganza under the Anointed Six group which paved way for his music journey. His songs are a mixture of cultural and modern beats. In April this year, fans of the Ndakwitegereza singer were shocked by his announcement that he was quitting music. This came shortly after the release of his song Iyo Ngukeneye, a collabo with singer Jody Phibi. Audy, real name Audace Munyangango, revealed that during his time off; he hopes to accomplish some “short-term goals” which he preferred not to disclose, although he is rumoured to be studying.

Victor Fidele Gatsinzi

He started the music duo ‘The Brothers’ with Danny Vumbi in 2004 while they were students at Kigali Institute of Education, now University of Rwanda – College of Education.

Two years later, Ziggy 55 also joined, and together, they released 12 singles, which included their famous hit tracks Ikirori and Byabuhe. In 2011, the group chose to part ways, and each took a solo career. Gatsinzi changed his stage name to Kodou and released a number of songs including Iwacu Heza, a song that he did with singer Shanel in 2013.

Even though his former groupmates went on with their musical careers and are planning to release a song that they did together, Victor has since joined radio as a manager at City Radio, where he spends most of his time.

Miss Jojo

She rose to fame in 2007 after winning the National University of Rwanda “Rector Excellence Award” as ‘Best Female Artiste.” In 2008 she also won the Pearl of Africa Music award for “Best Rwandan Female Artiste.”

Her first hit song Mwibira was released in 2006. Miss Jojo, real name, Josiane Uwineza, was considered one of the biggest names in the music industry at the height of her career.

She was a good singer, composer and songwriter. She recorded numerous songs that placed her high on the music charts of Rwanda. She later quit music after she converted to Islam, and changed her name to Iman in 2012. The singer also got married in July this year.

She confirmed her retirement from music, revealing how she is currently pursuing a different career with a corporate company.

Jackson Kalimba

He rose to fame in 2012 during Tusker Project Fame season 5. Kalimba was the second winner of the music competition. He later became part of the music trio, Hills, that comprised of Eric Mucyo and Hope Irakoze and together, they released a few songs including Kamaliza, Mfite Urukundo and Vimba Vimba that they did with Kidum. Kalimba, however, did not appear in the video of Vimba Vimba which raised concerns on whether he had left the group. Irakoze, however, revealed that the singer left for Kampala, Uganda where he now lives with his wife and son and works with Kampala Serena Hotel.Serena Hotel.

KGB (Kigali Boys)

KGB was a music group consisting of three boys, Gaston Rurangwa, also known as Skizzy, Henry Hirwa, also known as H-Wow and Yvan Manzi, also known as MYP.

The group rose to fame in 2005 and proved vocal prowess with many hit songs including Byasaze, Warukurahe, UkoTubigenza and Arasharamwe that earned the group a huge fan base both in the country and across the region.

Arasharamwe did not only make the group famous, it also won them an advertising deal with MTN Rwanda.

However, Hirwa’s tragic death left the group so devastated that attempts to bring in a new member, Serge Mugabo, did not revive the group. Manzi chose to take a break in California, USA, where he recently enrolled in an art school, while Rurangwa is in part-time acting and accounting at a local bank.

MC Fab

Fabien Gahiza alias MC Fab was a member of the music group, Hotside that comprised of Rafiki, Clovis, Prince Kid, and Platini of Dream Boys, where he started his music career before the group parted ways.

The singer then embarked on a solo journey and even composed an election song Tora Paul Kagame but his career was cut short after he decided to pursue a Master’s degree in law. The former singer is now part of the law fraternity.

Liza Kamikazi

She is remembered for her 2009 hit song Rahira which she did with The Ben, and other songs such as Usiniache, Nkiri Muto, Ni abacu and Mbamo which featured Mani Martin, that made her a household name. Within six years in the music industry, the Nanone singer already had a music album and 40 singles to her name. However, 30-year-old Kamikazi, real name, Solange Umuhire, took a break from music to focus on her family, and returned to the music scene at the beginning of 2013 after getting married to David Wald in 2012. Kamikazi, also an actress, looks like she took a break from that field too.

Bright Patrick Mugabe

Bright Patrick Mugabe is one of the first Rwandan gospel music artistes who adopted a hip-hop culture for gospel music. His 2014 collabo with Gabby Kamanzi, I.D, excited young, hip hop church goers and his other songs Ndiho and Umucunguzi earned him massive airplay. But shortly after that, he halted his music career in 2015 to pursue a Master’s degree in Global Health in Canada and has never returned.

Seychelles: Seychellois’ Experience At California Energy Commission Could Help Island Nation’s Energy Goals

A young Seychellois is gaining new experience that he can bring back to Seychelles while working at the California Energy Commission in the United States.

Errol Renaud’s experience in California follows the six-week Mandela Washington Fellowship, which is the leading programme of the Young African Leaders Initiative, or YALI.

Now Renaud is at the California Energy Commission, which acts as the state’s primary energy policy and planning agency. The work there is similar to what Renaud does in Seychelles.

“I work at the Seychelles Energy Commission and the opportunity blends well with the work we are trying to achieve in terms of energy policies, electricity regulatory work, energy efficiency and carbon emissions in Seychelles,” said Renaud.

While looking at what can be customised to Seychelles’ energy needs, Renaud aims at creating a network of contacts as he feels that collaboration is the key. He told SNA via email that “as a small island state we cannot stay in isolation as we need external help in delivering innovative ideas and solutions in achieving our energy goals and targets.”

During the Mandela Washington Fellowship, Renaud was placed in the University of California-Davies. His fellow Seychellois, Denis Antat, Sylvana Antat and Malshini Seneratne were at Florida International University, University of Maine and Rutgers State University of New Jersey, respectively.

After the placements, participants had to attend the Mandela Washington Fellowship Summit, which featured networking and panel discussions with U.S. leaders from the public, private, and non-profit sectors.

Senaratne was chosen as the speaker to represent her business and entrepreneurship track at Rutgers University at the summit. She used this platform to address social entrepreneurship, her volunteer work with girls in a secondary school and the importance of educating girls to become empowered women.

“The university is providing me with opportunities to expand my skills in the education space,” said Seneratne, adding that she is currently collaborating with the university on one of their senior undergraduate classes focused on doing business in Africa.

Sylvana Antat described the experience as “a great opportunity to understand the best practices, policies and approaches, and how these can be tailored for use in Seychelles, to achieve maximum benefit for society.”

She added that they now have an abundant supply of African and American experts to bounce ideas off and to work with for the improvement of development and livelihoods in Seychelles, an archipelago in the western Indian Ocean, and Africa.

The participants — called fellows, who have since returned to Seychelles — are interested in running community engagement programs aimed at the youth in the country. At present, these initiatives would revolve around themes such as youth health and social affairs, climate change and environmental issues, advancing girls in Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) & women empowerment.

The 2017 fellows plan to hold a panel session about the Fellowship in September and talk about their experiences in the States and the benefits of the programme. They are also proposing setting up an Alumni for the past and present fellows in Seychelles.

The Young African Leaders Initiative was launched in 2010 by former U.S. president Barack Obama as a mean to support young African leaders. In 2013 during a trip to South Africa, he announced the first Washington Fellowship aimed at empowering young African leaders to make a difference in their home countries.

In 2017, the fellowship provided 1,000 outstanding young leaders from Sub-Saharan Africa, including Seychelles, with the opportunity to hone their skills at a US college or university with support for professional development after they return home.

The programme targets individuals between 25 to 35 years and is conducted on as a merit-based open competition. All eligible applications are reviewed by a selection panel and the chosen semi-finalists are interviewed by the U.S. embassies or consulates in their home countries.

Eligible and interested candidates can make their application online.

Africa: New Research Could Help Reveal Who Is Buying Online Trafficking Ads

By Ellen Wulfhorst

New York — Automated techniques that may help locate children being sold for sex.

A U.S. researcher says she has developed automated ways to identify links between online sex trafficking ads and the digital currency Bitcoin, techniques that may help locate children being sold for sex.

Law enforcement and anti-trafficking groups could use the methods to investigate, an online classified advertising site where sex ads can be found, said a statement by the University of California Berkeley, where the research was based.

Some 1.5 million people in the United States are victims of trafficking, mostly for sexual exploitation, according to anti-trafficking groups.

Most sex trafficking victims are children, and most are advertised or sold online, according to a U.S. Senate subcommittee report released this year.

The new research uses an algorithm that analyzes writing styles to identify authors and could be applied to online trafficking ads, Rebecca Portnoff, its lead author, told the Thomson Reuters Foundation on Thursday.

A second algorithm can use time stamps to trace ad payments to accounts, known as wallets, at Bitcoin, a web-based digital currency that allows money to move quickly and anonymously.

Comparing time stamps of ad purchases on Bitcoin and time stamps and information on Backpage ads could help identify who is paying for them, said Portnoff, a UC Berkeley doctoral candidate in computer science who developed the techniques as part of her dissertation.

“Where previously you might have five different phone numbers that you had no idea were connected, when you can see that they all came from the same wallets, that the same person paid for them, that’s a concrete sign that these five phone numbers are all related to each other,” she said.

“I knew this was an issue that law enforcement was especially interested in.”

Having automated style and time stamp analyses to identify sex ads by authors and Bitcoin owners is significant, said Damon McCoy, a New York University Tandon School of Engineering assistant professor of computer science and engineering and a co-author of the research.

“Any technique that can surface commonalities between ads and potentially shed light on the owners is a big boost for those working to curb exploitation,” McCoy said in a statement.

The National Center for Missing and Exploited Children has said more than 70 percent of the reports it gets of trafficked children involve Backpage, based in Dallas, Texas.

Backpage did not respond to a request for comment.

The findings will be published by the Association for Computing Machinery’s Conference on Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining, UC Berkeley said.

It said the work was funded by the Amazon Web Services Cloud Credits for Research Program, the technology and security firm Giant Oak, Google, the National Science Foundation and the U.S. Department of Education.

Reporting by Ellen Wulfhorst; Editing by Astrid Zweynert @azweynert

Presidential Candidate Vows to Soldier on Despite Nude Photo Scandal

Photo: Cyril Ndegeya/The East African

Diane Shima Rwigara addresses a press conference, announcing her candidature for the Rwanda presidency.

Ever since Diane Shima Rwigara came out to express her political views — and later declared her intention to run for president of Rwanda in the August 4 elections — the 35-year-old has attracted praise and criticism in equal measure.

One week after nude photographs — which she has disowned — were circulated on social media a day after she announced her presidential bid, Ms Rwigara says she will not be deterred: “I will not stop. I am going to continue with my preparations. The incident made me stronger, more resilient and determined to continue with this cause,” she told The EastAfrican.

The photographs were released through an email titled “the shameless acts of Diane Shima Rwigara who wants to contest for presidency”, with the sender adding “look at our presidential candidate”. The sender identified himself/herself as Emmy Twahirwa and claimed to be a journalist.

Robert Mugabe, a journalist who has reportedly been associated with Ms Rwigara, later stated on Facebook that the photos were doctored and were the work of her detractors.

Following that, Ms Rwigara took a few days off the public scene and later told The EastAfrican that the photographs were manipulated.

The incident elicited sympathy for the US-educated activist-turned politician, with many condemning the act of shaming her and others called for investigation.


No government agency has commented on the nudes scandal nor has any official come out to publicly condemn the sharing of the photos or denounce the presidential hopeful over her supposed “questionable integrity”.

But Ms Rwigara, who on Wednesday May 10 went to the National Electoral Commission to present the list of people who will sign for her and pick documents needed for the purpose, attracted wide coverage.

As an independent candidate, she must raise 600 signatures, at least 20 from each of the 30 districts. She believes that once she makes it to the ballot, she would make a good case and race against President Paul Kagame, who is widely expected to win the August 4 polls with a landslide.

More on This

Nude Photo Leak Shock for Rwanda’s Woman Presidential Candidate

Rwanda’s Elections, Nude Photos and the Kitenge ScandalFemale Presidential Candidate Rwigara’s Nude Photos LeakedWill Rwandan Rwigara Break Glass Ceiling?

Meet Rwanda’s First Female Independent Presidential Candidate

First Female Independent Candidate Joins Race for PresidencyActivism and Rwanda’s Development Model – Diane Rwigara Takes a Stand

Ms Rwigara, who graduated with a bachelor’s degree in finance from the California State University, Sacramento and a master’s degree in accounting from California State University, San Francisco, has surprised many with her boldness.On February 23, she held a press conference where she described herself as a “concerned Rwandan and activist” but denied intending to engage in politics. She highlighted several issues the country was facing that she said needed to be addressed urgently. Among these, she said, were the growing levels of poverty and hunger, which she said the government did not want to recognise, let alone address.”I am neither a politician nor a member of any political party,” Ms Rwigara told The EastAfrican shortly after the press conference, adding that she decided to speak out about the issues “because no one else appeared willing to speak about them.”On May 3, she called another press conference, during which she announced her intention to pit candidature against President Kagame.No freedom of press“The reason I am contesting is because our country has a stained past. The RPF government has achieved a number of things, attempted to deliver on others but completely failed on several aspects. Rwandans still face many challenges including poverty, hunger and injustices in all sections of the society,” she said.Ms Rwigara also said there was no freedom of press and expression in Rwanda, pointing out that none of the media were critical while those who tried to criticise the government often ended up in trouble, pointing out that she was ready to raise those concerns on behalf of the people.”We have cases of insecurity as people disappear without trace, some are killed while others flee the country. Most Rwandans know these but won’t speak out because of fear,” she said.Indeed, her move caught many off-guard, in a country where many people prefer silence rather than point out issues affecting them. A lot of talk followed her press conference, with many wondering where she got the guts to run for the country’s highest office.Several other prospective candidates have announced similar intentions for the top job in Rwanda, among them Frank Habineza of the Democratic Green Party of Rwanda, former journalist Philippe Mpayimana and Gilbert Mwenedata, who will contest as independent candidates.InjusticesThe daughter of Assinapol Rwigara, a prominent businessman and RPF member, who died in February 2015 in an accident, Ms Rwigara maintains that her political ambitions were her personal decision and should not be in any way connected to her family.The embattled family has been in the limelight since the passing on of the tycoon after it contested the police version of the circumstances under which Mr Rwigara died. They went as far as petitioning President Kagame to call for an inquiry into the death.Since then, the family found itself in trouble when Kigali city authorities demolished a hotel of the deceased businessman because “it did not have the necessary permits”. Several of Mr Rwigara’s properties were also repossessed by the City of Kigali administration.Ms Rwigara maintains that she is not driven by anger or disgruntled by events surrounding her family, but says the manner in which her father died are some of the injustices she is willing to fight to correct.Her bid has not been helped by support from ‘renowned enemies’ of Kigali, including members of the Rwanda National Congress, an exiled group which Rwanda refers to as a criminal organisation, and of which one of her exiled uncles Benjamin Rutabana is a member.Ms Rwigara denies being a member of the group or any other political party, existing inside or outside the country.

Africa: Google Launches Cloud IOT Core Service for Enterprises

By Matt Hamblen

Google today unveiled a cloud platform service to help organizations collect vital data from billions of Internet of Things devices.

The service, Google Cloud IoT Core, is designed to help enterprises, including utilities and transportation agencies, securely connect globally distributed devices to the Google Cloud Platform. There, the data can be centrally managed and integrated with Google’s data analytics services, said Indranil Chakraborty, cloud product manager at Google.

One customer who has been testing the new service for two months is Energyworx, a company of 40 workers that has used Google cloud services since 2014. Energyworx provides data analytics to utilities to help them plan better and improve performance.

The new Cloud IoT Core has been deployed by Energyworx to get real-time data readings from thousands of solar inverters and electric vehicle charging ports that have been deployed in California and other locales, said Edwin Poot, founder and visionary for Energyworx, in an interview. He said he expects to expand the test of Cloud IoT Core to include collection of data from millions of smart utiity meters used to measure water and gas in coming years.

Cloud IoT Core provides a communications bridge between Google analytics and devices in the field, Poot said. Many of the devices, including solar invertors, rely on distinct or arcane data protocols that Google services can translate without manual intervention. (A solar inverter converts the variable direct current of a solar panel into a utility frequency alternating current that can be fed into the commercial electric grid.)

With the service, utilities can send control commands to meters, turning them on off, he said.

Energyworx only pays Google for the IoT devices it uses to receive data, Poot said, which should keep costs low. Overall, Poot said Google cloud services have cost a 10th what Energyworx was paying to Amazon Web Services, which it used prior to 2014.

“We’re seeing the power of cloud will grow fast and this [Google IoT] approach will be scalable,” Poot said. “We don’t install anything and don’t maintain anything. We just program it and use it and don’t worry about anything else.”


Continent Calls for Funding to Restore Degraded Forests, Land

Investing in forest and landscape restoration as well as ensuring their sustainability will improve livelihoods of… Read more »

Africa: ‘Dancing’ Is the New Miracle Drug Says Dr. Patricia Bragg, World Health Crusader

press release

Santa Barbara, California — “New studies show that dancing increases your memory and helps prevent a wide variety of diseases such as Alzheimer’s,” says Dr. Patricia Bragg, CEO of Bragg Live Food Products, an international organic health company.

Singer/dancer Katy Perry, featured with Dr. Bragg in the attached video, has called Dr. Bragg, “The Queen of Health.” (

Researchers found dancing also helps prevent Parkinson’s disease, obesity, dementia, depression and anxiety, according to Dr. Bragg, whose father, Dr. Paul C. Bragg, was the originator of health stores in America in 1912.

“I have been dancing all of my life, and it’s not surprising to me that medical science is proving what I’ve known all along,” said Dr. Bragg, who has danced with Fred Astaire, Lawrence Welk, Arthur Murray and Gene Kelly, among many others. “Dancing is vital to the Bragg Healthy Lifestyle.”

The UCLA Medical Center and the University of Pittsburgh reported that dancing reduces the risk of Alzheimer’s dementia by 50 percent. The disease is expected to strike nearly 14 million Americans over the next 30 years.

“Think of the millions who can avoid this trauma simply by dancing!” says Dr. Bragg, the author of 10 best-selling ‘self-health’ books.

Dancing helps people with Parkinson’s disease recover balance and muscle control. “It’s also been shown to reduce depression, anxiety and stress and boost self-esteem,” a University of California at Berkeley report concluded.

“You can dance anywhere and new studies show it also makes you smarter!” says Dr. Bragg.

The New York Times recently stated that dancing improves the “part of the brain involved with processing speed and memory.” Studies from Stanford University report that, “Dancing increases cognitive acuity at all ages,” because it requires split-second decisions and exercises the neuronal synapses of our brains. There is only one such neural connection to our memory and when that fades from disuse, “…our nouns go first, like names of people,” according to the Stanford study. Dancing keeps that neural connection strong and super-efficient.

“My memories of dancing with Fred Astaire, Lawrence Welk, Arthur Murray and Gene Kelly, are crystal clear and so is my memory of the great time I had dancing last night!” says Dr. Bragg, “So, turn up the music and let’s dance to health, wellness and a fulfilled, long life!”

Media Contact:Michael Bowker/+1 805-968-1020

Video –


‘The Ocean Is Not a Dumping Ground’

An internationally renowned scientist, Ameenah Gurib-Fakim became Mauritius’s sixth president on June 5, 2015 – and one… Read more »

Ghana: Aviat Networks Awarded Supplier Partner of the Year From Airtel Ghana

press release

Accra — Award Recognizes Aviat’s Commitment and Professionalism for 2016

Aviat Networks, Inc. (NASDAQ: AVNW), the leading expert in microwave networking solutions, today announced Airtel Business in Ghana has named Aviat their supplier partner of the year for 2016. This award recognizes Aviat as a key partner in driving and achieving Airtel Ghana’s business objectives.

Aviat won this award specifically for the high level of commitment and professionalism executing key projects for Airtel Business across the country, and seamlessness adopted in following through to provide the necessary support to ensure its success. “We are extremely pleased with Aviat’s performance,” says Richard Adiase, Head, Airtel Business. “The team continues to exceed our expectations and we feel we can depend on them. We have a true partner in Aviat.”

“The level of customer service and support provided by Aviat’s local Ghana team, and our African team as a whole, is second to none,” states Heinz Stumpe, SVP and Chief Sales Officer, Aviat Networks. “We are proud of this achievement and we are extremely committed to delivering exceptional support over the long term to our customers throughout Africa.”

About Aviat Networks

Aviat Networks, Inc. works to provide dependable products, services and support to our customers. With more than one million systems sold into 170 countries worldwide, communications service providers and private network operators including state/local government, utility, federal government and defense organizations trust Aviat with their critical applications.

Coupled with a long history of microwave innovations, Aviat provides a comprehensive suite of localized professional and support services enabling customers to drastically simplify both their networks and their lives. For more than 70 years, the experts at Aviat have delivered high performance products, simplified operations, and the best overall customer experience. Aviat Networks is headquartered in Milpitas, California. For more information, visit or connect with Aviat Networks on Twitter, Facebook and LinkedIn.

Media Contact: Gary Croke, Aviat Networks, Inc.,


GJA Launches Revised Code of Ethics

A revised version of the Code of Ethics of the Ghana Journalists Association (GJA) has been launched in Accra. Read more »

Africa: Frost & Sullivan Applauds Ixia for Developing Cloudstorm™, a Remarkable Multi-TB Application and Network Security Test Solution

press release

Santa Clara, California — CloudStorm addresses cloud-scale volumes of traffic and provides high resolution accuracy for latency measurements

Based on its recent analysis of the application and network security test market, Frost & Sullivan recognizes Ixia with the 2017 Global Frost & Sullivan Award for New Product Innovation. Ixia’s CloudStorm™, the first multi-terabit (Tb) network security test platform, supports the increased capacity of hyper-scale cloud-based data centers at nanosecond granularity. A single CloudStorm card is capable of generating 3.5 million application flows per second by employing the latest technologies in network processors and field-programmable gate arrays (FPGA).


CloudStorm focuses on diverse applications in data centers, including storage assignments as well as server and network security. It offers the unprecedented performance of 2.4 Tb of throughput, 42 million sessions per second, and 1.4 billion simultaneous sessions in a full chassis.

The solution has multiple benefits for multiple stakeholders. For instance:

It enables customers to address secure socket layers (SSL) and devise distributed denial-of-service (DDoS) mitigation strategies.

Network equipment vendors (NEMs) are able to validate next-generation 100G application delivery controllers and firewalls, and bring their products to market faster.

Cloud service providers and enterprises to measure the availability and resiliency of the data centers they are deploying so they can arrive at a best-fit security policy. With a hardware platform capable of supporting various speeds, CloudStorm eliminates the need for additional hardware to support each speed. This not only decreases capital expenditure, but also simplifies management and reduces data center and pre-deployment lab costs for space, cooling and electricity.

“CloudStorm is in a unique position to support data center operators in balancing security requirements with superior quality of experience (QoE) as network traffic moves toward total encryption,” said Frost & Sullivan Industry Analyst Mariano Kimbara. “Its customer-centric approach presents customers with a unified platform for application and security testing. Customers can now emulate the magnitude of different applications for the most comprehensive range of security vectors. Compared to existing solutions, CloudStorm delivers four times the SSL emulation scale.”

Furthermore, CloudStorm combines the functionalities of BreakingPoint and IxLoad and is available in two versions–CloudStorm Fusion, which combines both solutions, and an IxLoad-only version. IxLoad focuses on application performance and QoE validation. It can validate the performance of over-the-top (OTT) servers, session initiation protocol (SIP) gateways, and wide area network (WAN) optimization controllers. Breakingpoint, on the other hand, emphasizes security network testing due to the large volume of applications and breadth of threat vectors.

“Ixia has made significant contributions to the market with its leading application and network security test solutions, evolving from PerfectStorm and now CloudStorm,” noted Mariano Kimbara. “Its solution provides a holistic experience that will enhance the business value proposition of its customers, and is richly deserving of the 2017 Global Frost & Sullivan Award for New Product Innovation.”

Each year, Frost & Sullivan presents this award to the company that has developed an innovative element in a product by leverage leading-edge technologies. The award recognises the value-added features/benefits of the product and the increased ROI it gives customers, which in turn raises customer acquisition and overall market penetration potential.

Frost & Sullivan Best Practices awards recognize companies in a variety of regional and global markets for demonstrating outstanding achievement and superior performance in areas such as leadership, technological innovation, customer service, and strategic product development. Industry analysts compare market participants and measure performance through in-depth interviews, analysis, and extensive secondary research to identify best practices in the industry.

About Frost & Sullivan

Frost & Sullivan, the Growth Partnership Company, works in collaboration with clients to leverage visionary innovation that addresses the global challenges and related growth opportunities that will make or break today’s market participants. For more than 50 years, we have been developing growth strategies for the global 1000, emerging businesses, the public sector and the investment community. Contact us: Start the discussion.


Chiara CarellaP: +44 (0) 207.343.8314F: 210.348.1003E:

Despite Murderous Attacks, ‘Witches’ Fight for Land

analysisBy Katy Migiro

Nyashana — This story is part of Our new website shining a light on land and property rights around the world

As Tanzanian widow Ruth Zacharia raised her right arm to protect her skull from a volley of machete blows, her three attackers sliced through her hand.

She fell to the floor; one leg slid into the kitchen fire.

“They said: ‘We have been sent by our mother because you killed our father so that you could buy that land’,” the 63-year-old recalled, fidgeting with her stiff, scarred right hand.

“I said: ‘I am not a witch’… They started cutting me all over.”

Thousands of elderly Tanzanian women have been strangled, knifed to death and burned alive over the last two decades after being denounced as witches.

“They said that (they) are witches… but it was a hidden agenda,” said Athanasio Kweyunga, human rights coordinator for the Magu Poverty Eradication Rehabilitation Centre (MAPERECE), a charity helping elderly people in the area.

“The reason is land.”

Attacks on women denounced as witches, often by hired thugs or vengeful relatives, continue despite efforts by the government, rights groups and charities to crack down on the killings.

With rapid population growth, land is being subdivided into smaller parcels with each generation. Tired soils, erratic rains and the costs of modern life leave many families in poverty.

Traditionally, widows in Tanzania cannot inherit their husbands’ land, but have a right to live out their days on it before it passes on to male relatives. This can create tensions.

“They are supposed to bequeath it when they die — and they don’t die,” said Helen Kijo-Bisimba, executive director of Tanzania’s Legal and Human Rights Centre (LHRC).

“That’s why we find some old women are being killed by their own children.”


Tanzanians’ belief in witchcraft dates back centuries as a way of explaining common misfortunes like death, failed harvests and infertility.

In the first six months of 2016, the police recorded 394 witchcraft-related killings in Tanzania, almost equal to the 425 recorded in the whole of 2015, LHRC data shows.

Superstition is deep-rooted among farming communities living along the shores of Lake Victoria in northwestern Tanzania, where most of the attacks take place.

Women with red eyes are often accused of being witches.

But traditional beliefs are often used as a smokescreen, campaigners say, when the main driver of the killings is land.

“There are still sporadic incidents,” Sihaba Nkinga, the permanent secretary in Tanzania’s ministry for the elderly, said in a phone interview with the Thomson Reuters Foundation.

“The police… haven’t got maximum cooperation from members of society where such attacks happen.”


Zacharia’s troubles began after she bought an acre of land in 2011 near her home in Tanzania’s western Magu District.

Another family wanted the land but they were unable to pay for the entire two-acre plot after their father died. So the vendor split it between the two families, who knew each other through the local church.

Zacharia planted rice on her portion but the other family’s cows trampled it. One night, she woke to see flames outside her window, as petrol had been doused over the tree overhanging her house. Finally, she was attacked.

“I went through major suffering,” she said, taking a break from reading her Bible. “Because they wanted to kill me, they should just be killed.”

The perpetrators were arrested in 2014 but were released on bail.

Although Tanzanians believe both sexes can be witches, almost all of the victims of attacks are women.

“The social vulnerability of women is key,” said Edward Miguel, a professor of economics at the University of California at Berkeley, who has studied witchcraft killings in Tanzania.

As culture dictates that married women move to their husband’s home village, they often become socially isolated and face hostility from in-laws after he dies, he said.

Miguel believes that introducing an old age pension for women could safeguard them from attack.

“Other household members will have an incentive to keep them alive,” he said, pointing to the importance of pensions for sustaining many poor families in South Africa.


Miguel’s research found that witch killings during the 1990s peaked during periods of drought and flooding, when food was in short supply and the elderly became a burden.

As people interpret reality through the lens of their faith, they believed their attacks on witches caused the improved harvests that followed years of crop failure, he said.

“It’s really no different than any other religious belief,” he said in a Skype interview.

“It empowers them in a very uncertain world.”

Witchdoctors, whose good magic counters the bad magic of witches, have also been widely blamed.

The genitals were cut off many elderly ‘witches’ corpses for use by witchdoctors in good luck charms, said Joseph Mbasha, Tanzanian spokesman for the charity HelpAge.

“You can mix them up with herbs so that (the witchdoctor) can cleanse you (of a suspected curse) and you could be lucky,” he told the Thomson Reuters Foundation.

The region is also notorious for murders of people with albinism, with their body parts also being used in witchdoctors’ lucky charms.

Although it is proving hard to stop the killings, police in Magu District say they are seeing a downward trend.

Murders of elderly people in the district have fallen to less than one a month from one each day a decade ago, said Philipo Mziray, commanding officer at Magu police station, dressed in a khaki uniform and black beret.

Rights groups, like MAPERECE, are teaching people about the medical, rather than supernatural, causes of death, such as AIDS and malaria, and the harmful consequences of witchcraft allegations.

After a two months in hospital and lengthy physiotherapy, Zacharia now helps her elderly neighbours report abuse and encourages younger people to take care of their parents.

“If we keep quiet, the oppression will continue,” she said, watching chickens fight over grain in her front yard.

“It’s better now because people have got knowledge.”

The International Women’s Media Foundation supported Katy Migiro’s reporting from Tanzania (Reporting by Katy Migiro @katymigiro; Additional reporting by Kizito Makoye in Dar es Salaam; Editing by Ros Russell

Africa: Frost & Sullivan Commends RWL Water for the Versatility, Cost Effectiveness, and Technical Excellence of Its Mobile Desalination System,…

press release

Santa Clara, California — The Nirobox™ ensures rapid return on investment with its scalable capacity and low power consumption

Based on its recent analysis of the mobile water desalination systems market, Frost & Sullivan recognizes RWL Water with the 2017 Global Frost & Sullivan Award for Customer Value Leadership. RWL Water emerges as a core solution provider for mobile water desalination systems in the mid-size market with the launch of its modular water treatment product solutions suite, Nirobox™. This reverse osmosis desalination plant for seawater and brackish water provides the capacity to treat up to 1,500 cubic meters per day with a single 40-foot container. Its superior energy efficiency, cost-effectiveness, and scalability make it the ideal solution for a variety of mobile applications and verticals.

Unlike competitors that focus on a single geographical area or product, RWL Water upholds a diverse portfolio. Its broad global presence, combined with investments in emerging technologies, endows it with global majors while retaining the speed, flexibility, and lower overheads of smaller companies.

Similar to larger market participants, RWL Water offers tailored project finance capability and extensive operations, which are crucial purchase factors in the mid-size market. Currently, it has more than 7,000 installed sites in 70+ countries, with core operations in the Americas, the Middle East, Europe and Africa. RWL Water anticipates strong demand in remote geographies, including the Caribbean and South Pacific, as well as from hotels and resorts, growing communities, and isolated industrial outposts such as mines. The company strives to include an off-grid power supply so that customers become entirely independent of the grid.

“Nirobox™ delivers many benefits to users, including customized water quality, remote technical support, and high recovery rates of up to 50% for seawater and 90% for brackish water,” said Frost & Sullivan Senior Industry Analyst, Seth Cutler. “It consumes only low amounts of chemicals, as its proprietary and ultrafiltration membrane cleaning process inhibits microorganism growth.”

Additionally, Nirobox™ decreases power consumption by 40% over alternative technologies, boasts rapid deployment, and produces potable water immediately upon commissioning. RWL Water’s professional services and support team ensures the Nirobox™ is optimized for performance; the solution only requires less than 1% downtime for cleaning and maintenance, for instance. The Nirobox™ remote monitoring system eliminates on-site specialized personnel for system operation as monitoring occurs in real-time via remote operations.

“Through its strategic initiative to balance its business portfolio with customer-centric products and projects, RWL Water expects to grow strongly over the next five years,” noted Cutler. “Its outstanding service further cements its relationships with customers and is, therefore, a significant driver of sustainable revenue.”

Each year, Frost & Sullivan presents this award to the company that demonstrates excellence in implementing strategies that proactively create value for its customers with a focus on improving the return on the investment that customers make in its services or products. The award recognises the company’s inordinate focus on augmenting the value that its customers receive, beyond simply good customer service, leading to superior customer retention and ultimately, customer base expansion.

Frost & Sullivan Best Practices awards recognize companies in a variety of regional and global markets for demonstrating outstanding achievement and superior performance in areas such as leadership, technological innovation, customer service, and strategic product development. Industry analysts compare market participants and measure performance through in-depth interviews, analysis, and extensive secondary research to identify best practices in the industry.

About RWL Water

Founded by Ronald S. Lauder in 2010, NY-based RWL Water was established with a vision to become the leading global water, wastewater and reuse solutions provider in the middle market. With operations in Latin America, the United States, Europe and the Middle East and over 90 years of combined operational experience, RWL Water provides leading edge, global solutions for desalination, water, wastewater, waste-to-energy, recovery & reuse as well as food & beverage processing.

Recognized as one of the fastest growing water solutions companies in the world, RWL Water has designed and built more than 7,000 successful installations and possesses strong customer references in more than 70 countries worldwide.

For more information about RWL Water, please visit our website:

About Frost & Sullivan

Frost & Sullivan, the Growth Partnership Company, works in collaboration with clients to leverage visionary innovation that addresses the global challenges and related growth opportunities that will make or break today’s market participants. For more than 50 years, we have been developing growth strategies for the global 1000, emerging businesses, the public sector, and the investment community. Contact us: Start the discussion.


Chiara CarellaP: +44 (0) 207.343.8314F: 210.348.1003E:

Photo –

Subscribe To Our Mailing List

* indicates required
/ ( mm / dd )

Featured Links

    Search Archive

    Search by Date
    Search by Category
    Search with Google
    Log in | Designed by Gabfire themes