Posts tagged as: banking

This Costs Just Cents and Could Prevent Half-a-Million Children From Going Blind

The substance is critical in pregnancy and in the development of children; a lack of it has dire consequences.

At first Grace Mwatathe was not too worried. Yes, in the twilight she did struggle to tell which was her goat to milk, even though it was only a herd of five. And in the evening she could no longer find her cooking utensils by the light of her lantern.

Maybe it was her pregnancy playing tricks with her mind, Mwatathe thought. Or perhaps it was an effect of the heat as the drought slowly strangled the life out of animals and plants; not only in Matsanjeni village, but in the whole of the coastal Kilifi county in southeast Kenya.

But, as her nightly trips to the pit latrine increased in the weeks before she was due to give birth, she realised she was in serious trouble – she would wander off course and trip over objects as she could no longer see anything in the dark.

Fearing for her unborn child’s safety, Mwatathe visited the local clinic. There a doctor diagnosed her with maternal night blindness and explained that her inability to see normally after dusk or at night was caused by a deficiency in vitamin A.

It can be found in green leafy vegetables such as spinach as well as in orange and yellow vegetables and fruit, such as sweet potatoes, carrots and mangoes. Liver, kidney, milk, cheese, cream and butter are also rich sources of the vitamin.

The main cause of for a vitamin A deficiency is malnutrition.

Although the vitamin is generally essential for good health – it is involved in the growth of all cells – the need for it is particularly critical during periods of rapid growth and early childhood, as explained in a 2001 study in the peer-reviewed academic journal Food and Nutrition Bulletin.

Vitamin A is an essential nutrient, the researchers write, because of its important roles in vision, reproduction, growth and the immune system.

In pregnant women, vitamin A deficiency causes night blindness and often also increases the risk of a mother dying while giving birth, or shortly thereafter, according to the World Health Organisation (WHO). Pregnant women are more likely to suffer from a shortage of the vitamin in the third trimester of pregnancy when the nutritional demands of the developing fetus and the mother are the highest.

The WHO does not recommend routine vitamin A supplements for pregnant women, unless there is a severe public health problem relating to a deficiency in their country, and then only in low doses.

Vitamin A deficiency becomes a public health problem when more than 1% of school children and 5% or more of pregnant women have xerophthalmia (abnormally dry eyes), which can develop into vitamin A-related night blindness, a 2009 study in the Journal of Ophthalmic Epidemiology found.

Times of scarcity set their sights on mothers, babies

The WHO says that pregnant women should try to eat a healthy, balanced diet, rather than opt for vitamin A supplements.

But that was far beyond Mwatathe’s means. “I could hardly afford a meal, let alone a balanced diet,” she shrugs.

Kilifi county is one of Kenya’s farming areas that has been so hard hit by three seasons of low rainfall that the government declared a drought emergency in February. The cost of food has skyrocketed as the drought decimated cattle and goats and successive crops failed.

Mwatathe believes it was inevitable that she would become ill. It was the effect of her poor diet on her baby’s health that worried her more than her own wellbeing, especially after the doctor explained that her breast milk might not contain enough vitamin A for the baby to thrive after birth.

For children, a lack of vitamin A leads to severe visual impairment and blindness: it is the leading cause of preventable blindness in children worldwide, says the WHO. It also causes anaemia and raises the risk of disease and death from common childhood illnesses such as measles and diarrhoea.

The organisation estimates up to half-a-million children who lack vitamin A become blind every year. Half of them die within 12 months of losing their sight. In many African countries, where nearly 50% of children between the ages of six months and five years are affected, vitamin A deficiency is a public health problem.

Since her son’s birth nine months ago, Mwatathe has been checking him for signs of illness. Although she has not noticed any problems with his eyesight, physical growth or cognitive abilities, she has brought him to her clinic. Here she has been waiting patiently in a long queue, the gurgling baby strapped tightly on her back.

“I don’t want to take chances,” she says. “My baby isn’t ill, but I have brought him for a vitamin A supplement, just in case.”

What’s the price of good eye sight? Just a few cents it turns out

Giving children supplements make them more resistant to disease and reduces the chances of them dying by about 23%, according to Unicef data.

The supplements are normally given in the form of either a syrup or a soft gelatin capsule.

One dose between six and 11 months and thereafter two each year until a child is five are needed to prevent vitamin A-related diseases, including blindness.

The WHO, however, stresses that eating a diet that includes foods rich in vitamin A is the first choice.

Some countries fortify staple food by adding minerals and vitamins to products such as maize and wheat flour or rice.

But, until these programmes have been widely implemented, Unicef says, vitamin A supplementation programmes are crucial to ensure child survival. And at just two American cents a supplement dosage, it comes cheaply, the World Bank points out.

Studies show that more than 80 countries worldwide have implemented vitamin A supplementation programmes for children under five.

School-based programmes no cure-all

In 2007, the Kenyan government started its Malezi Bora (Good Nurturing) initiative, which includes vitamin A supplementation, immunisation and growth monitoring. The food security and nutrition policy followed in 2012 and the Nutrition Action Plan 2012-2017.

But 84% of children in Kenya under the age of five still lack vitamin A, according to the Global Nutrition Report 2014. The country’s demographic and health survey 2014 found routine coverage was less than 50%, much lower than the WHO recommendation of 80%. Only about a quarter of children under five received two high doses of vitamin A supplements in 2015.

One of the greatest challenges for providing vitamin A supplements has been finding the right mechanism to get it to younger children, a Unicef report on vitamin supplementation shows.

Until last year, vitamin A supplements were provided through schools, which meant children under five, who are most vulnerable to the effects of vitamin A deficiency, were not being reached.

Kenya’s ministry of health and three international nongovernmental organisations are running a mass drug administration programme to bridge this gap.

Called Every Child Thrives, the four-year project in the sub-counties of Kilifi and Siaya was launched last year by the international aid organisation, Medical Assistance Programmes International, Effect Hope and Vitamin Angels, with funding from the Canadian government.

The programme addresses intestinal worm infections, which cause and can aggravate malnutrition and anaemia, in addition to vitamin A.

“Intestinal worms contribute to vitamin A deficiency and exacerbate malnutrition and anaemia,” explains Jane Muller from Effect Hope.

Children under five get deworming medicines and a vitamin A supplement every six months at health facilities such as clinics, early childhood development centres and in community outreach programmes.

Julien Ake, a senior technical adviser at Effect Hope, adds that the education of parents and children’s guardians will play a crucial role.

“Our goal is to see parents increase their demand for supplementation of vitamin A and deworming for their children and ensure that the demand is met 100%,” says Ake.

Mwatathe needs little encouragement. Her experience with night blindness is still fresh. As she slowly shuffles to the front of the snaking clinic queue, she says: “I do not want my child to go through what I did if I can get the medicine here.”

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‘Terror Groups Pose Biggest Threat to Kenya’s Security’

By David Mwere

The National Intelligence Service (NIS) has singled out terrorism as the biggest threat to Kenya’s national security and development.

In a report presented during the induction of MPs Wednesday, NIS Deputy Assistant Director Alexander Muteshi said that the threat remains high in border counties of Mandera, Wajir, Garissa and Lamu.

Mr Muteshi told the MPs that the threats are propagated by terrorist organisations like the Al-Shabaab that has its cells in neighbouring Somalia and the Islamic State (IS) group that operates in Puntland, Libya, Syria and Iraq.

“What makes the threats dangerous is that they are targeting churches, malls, schools and other public places. But the success against this is the multi-agency approach we have adopted to deal with them,” Mr Muteshi said.

He pointed out that the threats have been pushed away from the cities to the border areas.

COUNTER TERRORISM

He also noted that the National Counter Terrorism Centre has helped in building resilience through educating the youth, the masses and religious groups.

According to Mr Muteshi, the country is already dealing with over 200 returnees from Somalia in South Coast, who are targeting Nyumba Kumi elders, locals and the police.

Some of these gangs are said to operate in groups christened as the Gaza boys, Wakali Wao and Wakali Kwanza, among others.

RADICALISATION

He also said that online radicalisation, which is a global problem, is another threat.

It is propagated by IS and targets the youth tertiary learning institutions like universities and colleges.

“We are facing an enemy [who] is highly radicalised, [who] has no value for human life, highly idealised and highly trained both militarily and intelligence-wise. They have logisticians who are responsible for transporting weapons and their other logistical requirements,” he said.

LOCAL POLITICS

Mr Muteshi also warned politicians that ethnic local politics has affected cohesion, development and unity of the country and that it is polarising.

“If it is not dealt with, it will always be there every election year,” he said.

Other external threats, according to the NIS report, include espionage, regional instability like in Somalia and South Sudan and the competition for benefits arising from national interests.

The MPs, more so the new ones, were advised on how they should engage with diplomats as they may fall into the trap of espionage.

“Be very careful with what you share with diplomats, they are intelligence officers,” Mr Muteshi told them.

Rwanda Police Return Three Stolen Vehicles to South African Owners

By Athan Tashobya

Barnard Kobus , a South African farmer in Free State Province lost his Toyota Land Cruiser truck in August 2012. He was in a prayer room with a friend when unknown people came and took away two of the cars that were parked outside, including his.

Five years later, Kobus received a call from the South African Police informing him that his car had been intercepted, in Rwanda.

“When I received a call, I was so happy. I had given up on my car but the police didn’t give up. They did their job very well and I hope my friend’s car will eventually be found as well,” he told The New Times, shortly after being handed the car key to his vehicle at Rwanda Police headquarters in Kacyiru.

He added: “I am a bit sad that it is old but I was very sad when I lost it. I am now happy the police found it and now I know insurance will help me revamp it.”

Kobus’s car is among the three vehicles stolen from South Africa, intercepted in Rwanda and handed back to rightful owners by Rwanda National Police, yesterday.

Since Rwanda adopted the International Police Organization’s – Interpol – I-24/7 communication system two years ago, 38 vehicles-with the last interception happening on Tuesday morning at Akanyaru Border stolen all the way from Mexico -have been recovered, according to police.

Assistant Commissioner of Police Peter Karake, the Commissioner for Interpol says that the system has fundamentally changed the way the global law enforcement community works jointly to battle such sophisticated transnational crimes.

“The system gives us access to several criminal databases globally, mainly for stolen motor vehicles, wanted persons and stolen and lost travel documents among others,” Karake said.

Capt. Francois Conradie from the South African Police told The New Times that I-24/7 communication system is huge boost for security operatives in combating transnational crimes.

“This technology is of a very high standard. unfortunately, technology is not always our friend because criminals are always inventing new ways to counter one that is in place but with such collaboration we have seen with Rwanda National Police, we can definitely end transnational crimes,” Conradie said.

Karake said that the system has been installed in all the 13 entry points into the country including Kigali International Airport-and it has played a key role in curbing the number of cross-border and transnational crimes transiting Rwanda.

“Most of the vehicles we intercepted are those transiting our country because of the number plates. Some are going to DR Congo, Burundi, Uganda or Kenya. Very few vehicles are destined for Rwanda. But for the sake of international corporation, we have to act and that is what we agreed to fight cross-border and transnational crimes.

“Mostly we get these vehicles from drivers who are oblivious to the crime because initial sellers are difficult to catch. We are slowly but surely combating transnational crimes and we ask the public to be vigilant about such crimes” Karake added.

Besides Kobus’s truck, two other cars; a Range Rover Sport and a Toyota Fortuner were handed over to South African owners.

The Fortuner was handed to its owner, South African national Peter Cawood while the Range Rover was collected by the South African police on behalf of the owner.

Super Cup – APR Out for Revenge Against Rayon

By Peter Kamasa

After humiliation in the Agaciro tournament, APR FC are out to revenge against archrivals Rayon Sports in the Super Cup on Saturday at Umuganda Stadium in Rubavu District.

The 2017 Peace Cup winners beat APR 1-0 in the 2017 Agaciro tourney last Saturday, but APR head coach Jimmy Mulisa has vowed to avenge the defeat come Saturday.

“We lost but we are looking to the Super Cup game, which we have to win. We need to win the Super Cup to start the league in a buoyant mood. It will be tough, but we have to win the game,” Mulisa said. Mulisa added that his side has prepared well for this game.

Rayon Sports are the defending champions of the Azam Rwanda Premier League while APR FC won the 2017 Peace Cup. The game will serve as a curtain-raiser for the 2017/18 league season scheduled to kick off on September 29.

Since 1995, both sides have met 80 times with Rayon Sports winning 24 and APR 32. The other 23 encounters ended in draws. A total of 126 goals have been scored between the two sides with APR finding the net on more occasions (65) against Rayon’s 61.

Rayon Sports will represent Rwanda in the 2018 CAF Champions League while APR FC will take part in the CAF Confederation Cup.

Saturday

Rayon Sports vs APR (Umuganda Stadium)

Rwanda

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All Set for ‘Baby Sheja’ Concert

By Donata Kiiza

Aline Gahongaire and Patient Bizimana are among a number of local gospel artistes that will take part in “A night for Sheja”, concert to raise funds for treatment of 3-year-old Sheja Gasana, who is suffering from a brain tumour.

The charity concert will take place at Bethseda Holy Church in Gisozi, Kigali, on September 22. All Rwandans and good Samaritans are invited to attend and support the cause.

The concert starts at 6p.m and all proceeds will go towards Sheja’s treatment.

According to Ronnie Gwebawaya who is among the chief organizers, Sheja needs Rwf23m to undergo treatment in India.

“This should be a matter of kindness from every citizen of Rwanda. This child has suffered for long. Two years in pain should be enough. Let’s do all we can to see this baby smile again by raising money for his treatment,” said Gwebawaya.

Other artistes expected to perform include Serge Iyamuremye, Clementine Uwitonze, better known by her stage name Tonzi, and several choirs such as Healing worship team and Alarm Ministries.

Sheja from Rwamagana has been battling a brain tumor for the past two years. In August, this year, a charity carwash dubbed #TogetherForSheja was organised to raise the money needed to send the toddler to India for an operation, but very little was collected.

Rwanda

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Former ADEPR Head Applies for Bail at Kigali High Court

By Marie Anne Dushimimana

Bishop Jean Sibomana, the former ADEPR representative who is accused of funds misappropriation on Tuesday prayed High Court in Kigali to grant him bail, saying he would not jump it because of his honest.

Sibomana and six of his colleagues are accused of misappropriating more than Rwf 2 billion between 2015 and 2017. Only one of them, Tom Rwagasana, has been temporarily released.

He said that the government was also aware of his honesty and appointed him a board member of the National Commission for the fight against Genocide (CNLG).

Bishop Sibomana also presented a medical report showing that he suffers from high blood pressure and diabetes which would be difficult to deal with if he was jailed.

His lawyer, Jean Claude Abayo, told the court that his client’s illness was very serious and prayed the court to grant him bail just as was the case of his colleague, Bishop Rwagasana.

The prosecution said they are conducting a deep investigation inside ADEPR, including an audit to know how its funds were misused. It said they had summoned Sibomana but he had refused to cooperate and should therefore not be granted bail.

A ruling on the bail application is expected on September 22.

Rwanda

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Tekno and Eazi Show Didn’t Live Up to Hype

By Andrew Kaggwa

The Tekno Miles and Mr Eazi concert that took place at Lugogo Cricket Oval on Friday was one of the most anticipated concerts this year.

From the way it was initially launched to the final press conference, the organisers, Talent Africa, alongside their sponsors, Bell Lager, promised heaven in a concert.

And you couldn’t blame them. Tekno, born Augustine Miles Kelechi, is one of the most exciting artistes from Nigeria at the moment, receiving a wide rotation of at least one of every twenty songs played off channels like MTV Base, Trace TV, Hip TV, Sound City and Afro Music, among others.

Since the release of his debut single, Holiday, in 2013, Tekno has slowly been a rising star in Nigeria. But for the rest of Africa, many started following the skinny artiste after the release of songs like Duro, Pana and Diana, among others.

Oluwatosin Oluwole Ajibade alias Mr Eazi, on the other hand, is a Ghana-based Nigerian artiste who pioneered Banku music, a fusion sound of Ghanaian bounces, highlife and Nigerian chord progression and patterns.

Much as he too has been around since 2013, it’s only after the release of his Skin Tight that he received international acclaim, later signing on with Wizkid’s Starboy Entertainment.

The two artistes have taken Africa by storm in the past year and to imagine a cocktail of them both was expected to be nothing less than the party of the year.

Much as the audience was cheering the list of curtain raiser acts that included Ykee Benda and Cindy, the energy was set to die with the appearance of the night’s hosts, Mc Kats and Anita Fabiola, who were not cut for the job.

Fabiola lacked the mettle to excite the crowd. She struggled to keep up with Mc Kats and it only got worse when he left her to do the rest of the job by herself.

You can imagine the looks on the producers’ faces after she announced Bebe Cool as the next performer yet he had been lined up as a surprise act!

Silk Events’ sound system couldn’t save the day, either. After being tremendous for half of the show, things just got messed up with some of the speakers going off during Mr Eazi’s performance and barely recovering.

With songs like Skin Tight, Dance For Me and Leg Over, he and the band got the audience dancing, but in bits. Being a new artiste on the scene, he lacked a catalogue to keep such an audience entertained all through.

Tekno, on the other hand, having had a slew of club bangers like Pana, Go, Diana and Yawa, could have owned the night.

Coming from a bad performance in Kenya just a week back, the artiste could have managed to get East Africa trust him even more, thanks to his stage presence.

However, performance lacked the feel. It’s like he was there just to finish the job and leave, as he kept signaling his DJ and band, ‘next song’ even before the crowd screams were down. The show ended a few minutes to midnight with Fabiola letting the crowd down once more – intentionally.

“Do you still need more of Tekno? I am sorry that can’t happen!”

Nigeria: Lawmakers Order Banks to Unblock Patience Jonathan’s Accounts

The House of Representatives Committee on Public Petitions has directed six commercial banks to free accounts operated by former first lady, Patience Jonathan.

The committee chaired by Uzoma Nkem-Abonta (Abia-PDP), gave the directive on Tuesday in Abuja at a hearing on a petition by Mrs. Jonathan.

The affected banks are Union Bank, First Bank, EcoBank, Diamond Bank, Fidelity Bank and Skye Bank.

The Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC) had directed the banks to freeze the accounts over allegations of corruption in the sources of the funds.

Officials of Union Bank, led by a lawyer, Kenneth Otowo, had told the panel that the bank placed Mrs. Jonathan’s account under a ‘precautionary restriction’ following a directive by the EFCC.

“We received a communication from EFCC to put a precautionary restriction on the account. The letter was dated March 21, 2016, so we had to act based on that,” he said.

But, the committee deplored the action, saying the bank could only take such decision if EFCC proved that it had obtained a court order to that effect.

“Until EFCC proves otherwise, I’ll ask you to remove the precautionary restriction on the account. Let me tell you, whatever you’ll do, you must follow the law. A bank can’t hold a legal entity to ransom.

“I want to order all other banks that all the accounts that have no specific pending order from the courts, please release them,” the committee chairman said.

The counsel to EcoBank, Afam Osigwe, said Mrs. Jonathan’s account could not have been on restriction because there was no court order to that effect.

He later said that the bank would cross-check its records and get back to the committee.

As for Diamond Bank, Mr. Jonathan’s lawyers said three of her accounts were frozen there.

However, Unoma Ndulue, who represented the bank, said two out of the three accounts were fully operative, while one was closed.

On Fidelity Bank, Mrs. Jonathan’s lawyers said they did not have a direct issue with the bank, but that it was through the EFCC.

Officials of First Bank and Skye Bank were not present at the meeting.

Meanwhile, the committee has given Ibrahim Magu, the EFCC acting Chairman, up to October 4 to appear before it or have arrest warrant issued against him.

Similarly, the panel asked Mrs. Jonathan’s lawyers and the Federal Inland Revenue Service (FIRS) to reconcile their positions on an alleged tax default of over N10 million.

FIRS had said that Aridolf Resort Wellness and SPA, owned by Mrs Jonathan, failed to pay taxes in spite of serial reminders.

However, her lawyers insisted that they had paid all their taxes to the agency.

Zari Distances Herself From Diamond’s Claims

Photo: Diamond Platinumz/Instagram

Diamond and Zari.

Drama about Diamond’s affair with Hamisa Mobeto has taken a new turn Zari disowned the claims that she was aware of the singer’s exploits with the video model.

The singer had earlier in an interview with Cloud FM’s Leo Tena claimed that they had settled issues with the mother of his two children and all was well.

” Haha U playing yourself … the lies you are telling about me knowing about your side chic … try and fix your mess and stop with the lies . Being quiet does not mean I am stupid. Be very careful with your words,” she wrote on snap chat.

She continued: It could be because I am the mother of your children and that is why I have chosen to keep quiet. Maybe you should Google about ‘defamation of character law suit’ don’t try me.”

When asked Diamond said he understands quite well because there were certain things that he had revealed in the interviewed that he did not discuss and it was possible she had heard it for the first time.

Unlike many women who choose to remain in their lover’s background and raise their ‘lover’s’ child without drama, Hamisa Mobetto could have none of it!

She was a celebrity in her own right and she wanted just as much recognition for being Diamond’s baby mama.

Soon as she was ready to reveal her pregnancy, she came out guns blazing on social media with subliminal message that Diamond Platnumz was her baby daddy.

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Former Minister Speaks About Accident That Claimed Relatives

Photo: Daily Monitor

Gregory Teu

By By John Namkwahe

Former deputy minister for finance Gregory Teu, whose relatives perished in a road accident in Masaka, Uganda, spoke about the loss of family members.

Mr Teu said he learnt the sad news, when he and his wife landed at the Julius Nyerere International Airport (JNIA).

Mr Teu revealed that after a wedding ceremony which was held on Saturday, Sept 16 in Kampala-Uganda, he and his wife boarded the plane from Uganda to Dar es salaam via Nairobi while the rest left Uganda for Dar es salaam by a mini-bus on Sunday at around 4 PM.

“We left Uganda for Dar es Salaam by the plane at midnight and landed at JNIA at around 2 AM.” Adding “After landing at the Airport, I received the call from Uganda, informing about the deaths, we were very shocked and saddened by the reports.”

The 13 Tanzanians who on Saturday killed in a road accident in Uganda will be buried in Dodoma and Kilimanjaro regions.

This was revealed by the former Deputy Minister of Finance and Mpwapwa constituency MP Mr Gregory Teu when he spoke to journalists at his residence in Kaunda Drive street in Osysterbay on Tuesday, Sept 19.

Mr Teu noted the deceased bodies have been transferred from Kampala-Uganda to Dar es salaam- Tanzania today on Wednesday by a plane in which the deceased bodies will be received at Julius Nyerere International Airport today at around 8:40 PM.

“After receiving the bodies, we will keep them at Lugalo hospital where the final prayers for the deceased will be conducted in the hospital tomorrow on Thursday,” he said.

He added “On same day, we will transfer the bodies to Mpwapwa in Dodoma and Moshi in Kilimanjaro for funeral,”

Seven deceased bodies killed in a road accident are relatives of Mr Teu while the remaining six are relatives of the former Deputy Minister ‘s wife, Mrs Teu, confirmed Mr Teu.

“Funeral procedures will take place in Mpwapwa -Dodoma on Thursday where the six deceased bodies whom are my relatives will be buried there and on same day we will travel to Moshi -Kilimanjaro to attend another funeral procedure for the remaining seven, my wife ‘s relatives, ” he said.

He also noted that the six survivors of the accident will continue to receive medical treatment in Uganda, saying they will return to Tanzania after they fully recover from injuries they sustained in the accident.

“The survivors have been hospitalized in the hospital in Kampala-Uganda where they receive treatment,” he said.

Adding “One out of six survivors are my relatives while two are my wife’s relative and two survivors are my wife’s close friends,”

Mr Teu further thanked the fifth phase government under President John Magufuli administration and the government of Uganda for their support they have shown to his family during this difficult time.

“I thank the governments of Tanzania and Uganda for the support. Ugandan government funded the flight costs while Tanzanian government has provided us with two buses which we will use for transporting the deceased bodies from Dar es Salaam to Dodoma and Kilimanjaro for funeral procedures, ” he said.

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